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Indians in Pakistan include Indian citizens residing, working or studying as expatriates in Pakistan, Indian emigrants to Pakistan (post-independence era), Indian spouses married to Pakistanis, as well as Indians who have become naturalised Pakistani citizens and other people of Indian origin in Pakistan.

Indians in Pakistan
Total population
2 million[1][2] (16,501 Indian citizens)[3]
Regions with significant populations
Across Pakistan
Hindi · Urdu  · Punjabi · Gujarati • others
Islam · Hinduism[4] · Sikhism[5]
Related ethnic groups
Indian diaspora



Due to Pakistan and India being neighbours, there has been a history of immigration occurring between the two countries.[6] Between 1979 and 1981, there were estimated to be roughly 18,302 Indians who were overstaying illegally in Pakistan.[7] According to Pakistani government figures in 1995, there were believed to be thousands of Indian immigrants living in Karachi[8]

In 2005, the Indian government acknowledged that there were 1348 Indians in Pakistani jails, which included civilians, captured fishermen, convicted criminals and prisoners of war.[9] India has alleged that Indian underworld don Dawood Ibrahim resides in Karachi, although this claim has been rejected by Pakistan. Former Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf said that Dawood is held in high self esteem in Pakistan.[10] In 2008, the Indian foreign ministry advised its citizens to avoid travel to Pakistan after a blast in Lahore.[11][12] As of 2013, there were 1184 Indians serving sentences in Pakistani jails,[13] Delhi administration said some of them illegally captured by Pakistani border forces including Indian fisherman and farmers.

Notable individualsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "India is a top source and destination for world's migrants". Pew Research Center. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  2. ^ "More Indian migrants in Pakistan than in US: Pew report - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  3. ^ Gishkori, Zahid (30 July 2015). "Karachi has witnessed 43% decrease in target killing: Nisar". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 3 August 2017. Interestingly, around 16,501 Indians are also living in Pakistan.
  4. ^ "Indian community in Pakistan celebrates Diwali". Times of India. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  5. ^ "What it feels like being a Sikh in Pakistan". India Today.
  6. ^ Natesan, G.A. (1957). Indian Review, Volume 58. University of California: G.A. Natesan & Co. p. 415.
  7. ^ India today, Volume 7. University of Virginia: Thomson Living Media India Ltd. 1982. p. 60.
  8. ^ Tohid, Owais; Mahmud, Arshad (29 November 1995). "Homeless In Karachi". Outlook India. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  9. ^ Mahendra, Gaur (2008). Foreign Policy Annual. pp. 536–537. ISBN 978-8178353425.
  10. ^ "Dawood Ibrahim is held in high esteem in Pakistan: Musharraf". NDTV. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  11. ^ "Indians told Pakistan 'not safe' for them". Dawn. 27 December 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Avoid Pakistan travel, India tells citizens". 27 December 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  13. ^ "1,184 Indians in Pak jails, says MEA". Times of India. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  14. ^ Web Edition (29 June 2012). "Sarabjit Singh is a terrorist: Surjeet". The News International 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2013. According to the testament of his fellow spy operatives, Surjeet Singh, confirming that Sarabjit Singh is a terrorist and terrorists are neither released by India nor Pakistan....
  15. ^ staff (2 May 2013). "Sarabjit Singh, how a terrorist becomes a hero". Voice of Journalist. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Sarabjit Singh: Indian 'spy' dies after Pakistan attack". BBC News. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.