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List of Indian spices

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Indian spices

Indian spices include a variety of spices grown across the Indian subcontinent (a sub-region of South Asia). With different climates in different parts of the country, India produces a variety of spices, many of which are native to the subcontinent, while others were imported from similar climates and have since been cultivated locally for centuries.

Spices are used in different forms: whole, chopped, ground, roasted, sautéed, fried, and as topping. They blend food to extract the nutrients and bind them in a palatable form. Some spices are added at the end as a flavouring and are typically heated in a pan with ghee or cooking oil before being added to a dish. Lighter spices are added last, and spices with strong flavour should be added first. "Curry" is not a spice, but refers to any dish in Indian cuisine that contains several spices blended together, whether dry or with a gravy base.

Below is a list of spices and other flavouring substances commonly used in India.[1]

Image Standard English Indian English Tamil Notes
Alkanet Root Ratin Jot रातीं जोट rātīṃ (rātīn) joṭ
AniseSeeds.jpg Fennel seed[2] Suwa / Shopa सौंफ/सुव्वा/शोप saunf/suvvā/śop
Ferula assa-foetida - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-061.jpg Asafoetida Hing हींग hiṃg (hing) Intensely aromatic - related to Truffle and Garlic
Chilly ap.JPG Red Chilli Lal Mirch लाल मिर्च lāl mirch
BlackCardamom.jpg Black cardamom Kali Elaichi काली इलायची kāli ilāyachī Very earthy and darkly aromatic. A much used in North Indian curries.
White pepper whole.JPG White Pepper Safed Mirchi सफ़ेद मिर्च saphed mirch
Black Pepper Grains.jpg Black Pepper Kali Mirchi काली मिर्च kālī mirch Largest producer is the southern Indian state of Kerala.
Black pepper.jpg Peppercorns Kali Mirch काली मिर्च kālī mirch
Black Cumin.jpg Black Cumin Shah Jeera शाही जीरा śāhī jīrā Sweet, floral and smokey cumin and anise-like flavour. Smaller in size than regular cumin. Often mistaken as Caraway seed. Though English translation is black cumin, the term black cumin is also used as English translation of Nigella sativa, kalonji
Illustration Capparis spinosa0.jpg Capers Kachra कचरा/कब्र/करेर kacharā/kabr/karer
Green-Yellow-Red-Pepper-2009.jpg Capsicum Shimla Mirch शिमला मिर्च śimalā mirch
Celery seed.jpg Celery / Radhuni Seed Ajmud अज्मुद/अज्मोदा ajmud/ajmodā
Charoli.JPG Charoli Chironji चिरोंजी chiroṃjī (chironjī) a type of nut particularly used in making desserts
Indian bay leaf - tejpatta - indisches Lorbeerblatt.jpg Indian Bay Leaf, Bay Leaf Tej Patta तेज पत्ता tej pattā Both Indian bay leaf and bay leaf are similar and called as Tej Patta in Hindi. however, they are from two different species and have differences in taste
Cinnamon Buds Nag Keshar नाग केशर nāg keśar
Canelle Cinnamomum burmannii Luc Viatour crop1.jpg Cinnamon Dalchini दालचीनी dālachīnī Grown commercially in Kerala in southern India. Two types, cassia (common) and royal.
Citric acid glass bottle.jpg Citric Acid Nimbu Phool निंबू फूल niṃbū phūl
ClovesDried.jpg Cloves Laung लवंग/लौंग lavaṃg (lavang) / lauṃg (laung) Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are largest producers in India.
Coriander Powder Dhania Powder / Pisa Dhania धनिया पाउडर / पिसा धनिया dhaniyā pāuḍar / pisā dhaniyā
Coriander.png Coriander Seed Dhania / Hara Dhaniya धनिया dhaniyā
Piper cubeba - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-244.jpg Cubeb Kebab Cheeni / Kabab Chini कबाब चीनी kabāb chīnī Tastes of Clove + Persistent Mild Numbing + Bitterness
Cumin Seed ground into balls Jeera Goli ज़ीरा गोली zīrā (jīrā) golī
Sa cumin.jpg Cumin Seed Jeera ज़ीरा zīrā (jīrā) See Kali Jeera.
Murraya koenigii leaves - curry leaves.jpg Curry Tree or Sweet Neem Leaf Karipatta करीपत्ता / कढ़ीपत्ता karīpattā/kaḍhīpattā Cannot retain flavour when dried. Only use fresh.
Fennel seed.jpg Fennel Seed Saunf / Sanchal सौंफ / संचल sauṃph (saunph)/saṃchal (sanchal)
Qasuri Methi.JPG Fenugreek Leaf Kasoori Methi, Dried कसूरी मेथी kasūrī methī
Fenugreek Leaf Methi Leaves मेथी पत्ता methī pattā
Fenugreek-methi-seeds.jpg Fenugreek Seed Methi Seeds मेथी दाना methī dānā
Four Seeds Char Magaj तरबूज खरबूज ककडी पैंठे के बीज tarabūj kharabūj kakaḍī pauṃṭhe ke bīj Seeds of Water melon, musk melon,cucumber and pumpkin
Assam-fruit-1-1.jpg Garcinia gummi-gutta Kudampuli Used in fish preparations of Kerala
Garam Masala new 2008-1.jpg Garam Masala Garam Masala गरम मसाला garam masālā Blend of 8+ spices. Each family has their own secret recipe.
Garcinia indica - fruits, seeds, pulp and rinds.jpg Garcinia indica Kokum कोकम kokam
GarlicBasket.jpg Garlic Lehsun लहसुन lahasun
Ingwer 2 fcm.jpg Ginger Adrak अदरक adarak
Ginger powder.JPG Dried Ginger Sonth सोंठ soṃṭh (sonṭh) mostly powdered
Cardamone.jpg Green cardamom Chhoti Elaichi छोटी इलाइची chhoṭī ilāichī Malabar variety is native to Kerala.
Indian Bedellium Tree Gugul, Guggul गुगल/गु्ग्गल gugal/guggal Very earthy aromatic mostly used in religious
Phyllanthus officinalis.jpg Indian Gooseberry Amla आँवला āṃvalā
Black Salt.jpg Black Salt Kala Namak / Sanchal काला नमक / संचल kālā namak / saṃchal (sanchal) Rock salt, but with very sulfury smell.
Kalpasi Pathar Ka Phool पत्थर के फूल patthar ke phūl Also known as black stone flower
Liquiritiae radix suessholzwurzel.jpg Licorice Powder Jethimadh जेठीमध jeṭhīmadh
Piper longum.jpg Long Pepper Pippali पिप्पलि pippali
Mango Extract Kamiki कामिकी kāmikī
Sour Dried Mango Powder Aamchur/Amchoor Powder आमचूर / अमचुर āmachūr/amachur
Mentha gracilis and rotundifolia MN 2007.JPG Mint Pudina पुदीना 'pudīnā
Mustard.png Mustard Seed Sarson सरसों sarasoṃ
BrownMustardSeed.JPG Brown mustard Seed Rai राई rāī
Nigella Sativa Seed.jpg Nigella Seed Kalonji कलोंजी kaloṃjī (kalomjī)
Muscade.jpg Nutmeg Jaiphal जैफल / जायफल jaiphal/jāyaphal Whole nuts last forever. Powder, only a month.
Mace 1.JPG Mace Javitri जावित्री jāvitrī Mace is outer covering to nutmeg nut. Similar aroma.
Starr 080117-1577 Ocimum tenuiflorum.jpg Holy Basil Tulsi तुलसी tulasī
Panch-phoron.jpg Panch Phoron Panch Phoron पञ्च फोरन pañch phoran This is a Bengali spice mix that combines fennel seeds, cumin seeds, fenugreek seeds, mustard seeds and nigella seeds.
An opened pomegranate.JPG Pomegranate Seed Anardana अनारदाना anārdānā Dried not fresh. Is ground in Middle East.
Poppy seeds.jpg Poppy Seed Khus Khus खस-खस khas-khas very popular in West Bengal known Posto , with no of Bengali cuisine , most popular Allu Posto
Fresh Hemp Cannabis Bhaang भांग Bhang
Saffron Pulp Kesar mari mari केसर मिरी मिरी kesar mirī mirī Actually, safflower concentrate
Iran saffron threads.jpg Saffron Kesar, mayur केसर / जाफरान kesar/jāpharān World's most expensive spice. Flavouring for rice.
Common-salt.jpg Salt Namak नमक namak
Sa white sesame seeds.jpg Sesame Seed Til तिल til
Illicium verum 2006-10-17.jpg Star Anise Chakra Phool चक्र फूल / बदल फुल chakra phūl/badal phul Exotic, Chinese-influenced flavours
Tamarind2.jpg Tamarind Imli इमली imalī Provides tartness in South Indian curries
Carom.jpg Carom/thymol seed Ajwain अज़वाइन azvāin
Turmericroot.jpg Turmeric Haldi हल्दी haldī Source of "yellow color" in many curries.
Basil-Basilico-Ocimum basilicum-albahaca.jpg Fresh basil Thai Basil तुलसी tulasī
A scene of Coriander leaves.JPG Fresh Coriander Hara Dhaniya हरा धनिया harā dhaniyā Fresh green leaves. AKA Cilantro.
green chilli Green Chili Pepper Hari Mirch हरी मिर्च harī mirch
Gum Tragacanth Katira Goond कटीरा गोंद kaṭīrā goṃd (gond) A thickener and coating for desserts
Harra (Terminalia chebula) hanging fruit at 23 Mile, Duars, WB W IMG 5902.jpg Inknut Terminalia chebula Harad / Harr / Haritaki हरद harad
വറ്റൽമുളക്.jpg Dried Red Chili Pepper Lal Mirchi लाल मिर्च lāl mirch

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ About Indian spices, "[1]", Indian spices
  2. ^ anise

External linksEdit