Indian Open (tennis)

The Indian Open was a defunct men's tennis tournament founded as the India International Championships[1] in 1923. It was played from 1923 until 1979 and the men's event was part of the Grand Prix tennis circuit, 1970 to 1979. From 1945 to 1972 it was known as the Indian International Championships. It was held in various cities in, India and was played outdoor on multiple surfaces.

Indian Open
Defunct tennis tournament
TourGrand Prix circuit
Founded1923
Abolished1977
LocationVarious
India
SurfaceClay, Grass, Hard

HistoryEdit

Tennis was introduuced to India in 1880s by British Army and Civilian Officers.[2] In 1923 the India International Championships[3] were established and played at the Calcutta South Club, Calcutta, West Bengal, India. The championships were not staged during World War II and a few years after Indian Independence in 1947.

In 1948 the tournament was renamed as the Indian International Championships until 1954, and still held in Calcutta. In 1955 two versions of the championships were held, one the India International Championships from late December till early January, and the Indian International Championships in late January. In 1956 the tournament returned to the latters title. In 1957 two championships were once again held in Calcutta with the same tournament names as in 1955. In 1958 the event then resumed under the Indian International Championships brand name until 1972. In 1973 it was renamed as the Indian Open.

Locations and venuesEdit

The Calcutta South Club was founded in 1920, and also organised the Calcutta Lawn Tennis Championships.That tournament later became known as the East India Lawn Tennis Championships. It's current facilties consist of the six original grass courts, In 1985 the Club built six new clay courts, and in 2004 it added five asphalt-based rubberized hard courts.

The India International Championships were predominantly staged in Calcutta, under the new tournament name the Indian International Championships that began in 1948, it continued to held in Calcutta until it moved to Madras in 1959. Over a number of years, the event was also held in other cities such as New Delhi and Bombay.

FinalsEdit

Men's singlesEdit

Incomplete roll included:[4][5][6]
Year Location Winner Runner-up Score
India International Championships
1923 Calcutta   Sunao Okamoto
1924 Calcutta   Sunao Okamoto (2)
1925 Calcutta   Syed Anwar Yusoof
1926 Calcutta   J. Robson
1927 Calcutta   Sunao Okamoto (3)   Pershotam Lal Mehta 5–7, 6–4, 6–4
1928 Calcutta   Atri-Madan Mohan   Pershotam Lal Mehta 3–6, 6–3, 6–1, 8–6
1929 Calcutta   Edward Vivian Bobb   Mohammed Sleem 3–6, 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1930 Calcutta   Bunny Austin   Eskel Andrews 6–2, 7–5, 6–1
1931 Calcutta   Jiro Fujikura   Ryuki Miki 3–6, 3–6, 6–1, 7–5, 6–0
1932 Calcutta   Giorgio de Stefani   Dip Narain Kapoor 7–5, 6–4, 6–2
1933 Calcutta   Atri-Madan Mohan   Robert Harman 6–3, 6–2, 1–6, 2–6, 6–2
1934 Calcutta   Josip Palada   Edward Vivian Bobb 10–8, 6–3, 6–3
1935 Calcutta   Josip Palada (2)   Franjo Punčec
1940–1944 Not held (WW2)
Indian International Championships
1945 Madras   Sumant Misra   B.R. Kapinipathy 9–7, 9–7, 5–7, 6–0
1946 Calcutta   Ghaus Mohammed Khan   Dilip Bose 7–5, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1947 Calcutta   Sumant Misra (2)   Sohan Lal 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–0
1948 Calcutta   Lennart Bergelin   Sumant Misra 8–6, 6–1, 6–4
1949 Calcutta   Dilip Kumar Bose   Sumant Misra 3–6, 6–3, 6–3, 8–6
1950 Calcutta   Felicisimo Ampon   Pedro Masip 5–7, 8–6, 8–6, 6–1
1951 Calcutta   Sven Davidson   Jaroslav Drobný 6–3, 6–3 7–5
1952 Calcutta   Sven Davidson (2)   Khan-Iftikhar Ahmed 6–3, 6–4, 8–6
1953 Calcutta   Sumant Misra (3)   Naresh Kumar 6–8, 2–6, 6–3, 9–7, 6–3
1954 Calcutta   Jack Arkinstall   Ramanathan Krishnan 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–2, 6–3
India International Championships
1955Dec-Jan Calcutta   Sven Davidson (3)   Kurt Nielsen 6–4, 6–1, 15–17, 6–4
Indian International Championships
1955Jan Calcutta   Ramanathan Krishnan   Jack Arkinstall 6–2, 0–6, 3–6, 6–1, 6–3
Indian International Championships
1956 Calcutta   Jack Arkinstall   Ramanathan Krishnan 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–2, 6–3
1957 Dec-Jan Calcutta   Ulf Schmidt   Ramanathan Krishnan 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 4-6, 6-3
1957Dec-Jan Calcutta   Ulf Schmidt   Ramanathan Krishnan 6–3, 6–2, 4–6, 4–6, 6–3
Indian International Championships
1957Jan Calcutta   Ramanathan Krishnan (2)   Naresh Kumar 6–4, 6–0, 8–6
1958 Calcutta   Ramanathan Krishnan (3)   Naresh Kumar 6–2, 6–2, 6–1
1959 Madras   Ramanathan Krishnan (4)   Giuseppe Merlo 7–5, 6–0, 6–0
1960 New Delhi   Ramanathan Krishnan (5)   Ulf Schmidt 6–3, 6–3 6–1
1965 New Delhi   Ramanathan Krishnan (6)   Martin Mulligan w.o.
↓  Open era  ↓
1969 New Delhi   Ilie Năstase   Premjit Lall 6–4, 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1970 Calcutta   Premjit Lall   Alex Metreveli 9–7, 6–0, 5–7 6–3
1972 Calcutta   Gaurav (Ghandu) Misra   Ramanathan Krishnan 4–6, 6–4, 8–10, 7–5, 6–2
Indian Open
1973[7] New Delhi   Vijay Amritraj   Mal Anderson 6–4, 5–7, 7–9, 6–3, 11-9
1974[8] Bombay   Onny Parun   Tony Roche 6–3, 6–3, 7–6
1975[9] Calcutta   Vijay Amritraj (2)   Manuel Orantes 7–5, 6–3
1976[10] Bangalore   Kim Warwick   Sashi Menon 6–1, 6–2
1977[11] Bombay   Vijay Amritraj (3)   Terry Moor 7–6, 6–4
1978[12] Calcutta   Yannick Noah   Pascal Portes 6–3, 6–2
1979[13] Bombay   Vijay Amritraj (4)   Peter Elter 6–1, 7–5

Men's doublesEdit

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1973   Jim McManus
  Raúl Ramírez
  Anand Amritraj
  Vijay Amritraj
6–2, 6–4
1974   Anand Amritraj
  Vijay Amritraj
  Dick Crealy
  Onny Parun
6–4, 7–6
1975   Juan Gisbert
  Manuel Orantes
  Anand Amritraj
  Vijay Amritraj
1–6, 6–4, 6–3
1976   Bob Carmichael
  Ray Ruffels
  Chiradip Mukerjea
  Bhanu Nunna
6–2, 7–6
1977   Mike Cahill
  Terry Moor
  Marcello Lara
  Jasjit Singh
6–7, 6–4, 6–4
1978   Sashi Menon
  Sherwood Stewart
  Gilles Moretton
  Yannick Noah
7–6, 6–4
1979   Chris Delaney
  James Delaney
  Thomas Fürst
  Wolfgang Popp
7–6, 6–2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TENNIS IN INDIA: INDIA INTERNATIONAL: British Players Beaten, Local Pairs Success:". Perth Daily News. Newspaper Archives. 29 December 1930. p. 2.
  2. ^ "History". aitatennis. New Delhi, India: All India Tennis Association. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  3. ^ Béla Kehrling, ed. (January 28, 1931). "Külföldi hírek" [International news] (PDF). Tennisz és Golf (in Hungarian). Vol. III, no. 2. Budapest, Hungary. p. 41.
  4. ^ India International Championships |url=https://www.tennisarchives.com/tournament/ t=283&n=India%20International%20Championships |website=www.tennisarchives.com |publisher=Tennis Archives |access-date=11 January 2023}}
  5. ^ Tournament – Indian International Championships |url=https://www.tennisarchives.com/tournament/ t=1279&n=Indian%20International%20Championships |website=www.tennisarchives.com |publisher=Tennis Archives |access-date=11 January 2023}}
  6. ^ Tournament – Indian Open |url=https://www.tennisarchives.com/tournament/ t=4760&n=Indian%20Open |website=www.tennisarchives.com |publisher=Tennis Archives |access-date=11 January 2023}}
  7. ^ "New Delhi Results 1973". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Bombay Results 1974". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Calcutta Results 1975". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Bangalore Results 1976". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Bombay Results 1977". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Calcutta Results 1978". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Bombay Results 1979". ATP World Tour. ATP. Retrieved 17 October 2017.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit