Indian Engineering Services

The Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit officers for the services which cater to the technical functions of the Government of India. It is a three-stage competitive examination comprising objective, subjective and personality tests.[1]

The All India Services Act, 1951, provides for creation of five All India Services, namely, the Indian Engineering Service, Indian Medical Service, Indian Forest Service, Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service.[2][3][4]

Officers recruited through ESE are mandated to manage and conduct activities in diverse technical fields. Government spending makes up over 15 percent of India's gross domestic product in a broad segment of the economy and infrastructure, including railways, roads, defence, manufacturing, inspection, supply, construction, public works, power, and telecommunications.[5] Appointments to these services are made by the President of India.[6]

Several Posts offered for Departments [7]Edit

Civil EngineeringEdit

  • (i) Central Engineering Service
  • (ii) Central Engineering Service (Roads), Group‐A (Civil Engineering Posts).
  • (iii) Survey of India Group ‘A’ Service.
  • (iv) *AEE(Civil) in Border Road Engineering Service.
  • (v) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.
  • (vi) AEE(QS&C) in MES Surveyor Cadre.
  • (vii) Central Water Engineering (Group ‘A’) Service.

Mechanical EngineeringEdit

  • (i) AEE in GSI Engineering Service Gr ‘A’.
  • (ii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.
  • (iii) Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
  • (iv) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
  • (v) Central Water Engineering (Group ‘A’) Service.
  • (vi) Indian Skill Development Service.
  • (vii) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO‐II (Mechanical).
  • (viii) Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service (Mechanical Engg.)

Electrical EngineeringEdit

  • (i) Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
  • (ii) Indian Defence Service of Engineers.
  • (iii) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Electrical Engineering Posts)
  • (iv) Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘A’ (Electrical Engineering Posts).
  • (v) Indian Naval Armament Service
  • (vi) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO‐II (Electrical).
  • (vii)Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘B’ (Electrical Engineering Posts).

Electronics and CommunicationEdit

  • (i) Indian Radio Regulatory Service Gr ‘A’.
  • (ii) Indian Telecommunication Service Gr ‘A’.
  • (iii) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics and Telecom Engineering Posts).
  • (iv) Indian Naval Material Management Service (Electronics and Telecom Engineering Posts)
  • (v) Junior Telecom Officer Gr ‘B’.
  • (vi) Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service/SSO‐II (Electronics & Tele).

Functions of officersEdit

The work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and service (or cadre). However, they can move to any cadre, organization, agency, department, ministry or public sector undertaking of the government of India. They are appointed to posts analogous to their present one, either on a fixed-term deputation basis (at least five years and extensible, after which the officer returns to their parent cadre) or an absorption basis where the official leaves the parent cadre for the new one.[8][9]


Candidates must be a citizen of India or Nepal or a subject of Bhutan, or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

The minimum educational requirement is a bachelor's degree in engineering (B.E. or B.Tech) from a recognised university or the equivalent. An M.Sc. degree or equivalent with wireless communications, electronics, radio physics or radio engineering as special subjects is also acceptable for certain services or posts.[10]

The age range is 21–30 years on 1 January of the year of the Engineering Services Examination.[10] The upper age limit is relaxed as follows:

  • A maximum of three years for Other Backward Class candidates (non-creamy layer only)
  • A maximum of four years for Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and discharged as a consequence
  • A maximum of five years for:
    • Candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe
    • Candidates who resided in Jammu and Kashmir from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
    • Ex-servicemen (including commissioned officers and ECOs or SSCOs) with at least five years of military service by 1 August
    • Candidates already in a permanent post of the Central Government Engineering Department


Candidates are required to apply on the UPSC website. The application fee for general-category male candidates is 200. No fee is required for female and reserved-category applicants. Stage 1 of the test is conducted during the first week of January; Stage 2 is conducted in June and July across India. The government of India changed the Engineering Services Examination in 2017.

Revised examination[11]
Stage Type Time Marks
I General studies and engineering aptitude paper 2 hours 200 (maximum)
Engineering discipline-specific paper 3 hours 300 (maximum)
II Discipline-specific paper I 3 hours 300 (maximum)
Discipline-specific paper II 3 hours 300 (maximum)
III Personality test 200 (maximum)

Candidates who qualify at Stage I are permitted to appear for the Stage II examination, and those who qualify at Stage II are permitted to appear for the Stage III examination. Candidates qualifying at all three stages are included on the examination's final merit list. The maximum score is 1300.

The personality test is an interview which assesses the candidate's suitability for a career in public service by a board of unbiased observers. The interview also assess social traits and interest in current affairs. Qualities judged include mental alertness, critical ability, clear and logical exposition, judgment, variety and depth of interests, social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity.

Notable officersEdit


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  6. ^ "CCS (CCA) Rules". Retrieved 1 December 2016.
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  8. ^ "Welcome to". UPSC. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Central Staffing Scheme 2008-List of Services". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "UPSC ESE Exam Pattern".
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  13. ^ a b "The Tribune – Windows – Main Feature". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
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  15. ^ "First Indian group to scale Mt Everest feted". 9 April 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
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  20. ^ "AI's new chief features in record books, has garden named after him - Business". 20 August 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  21. ^ "Ashwani Lohani in Limca Book | India". Hindustan Times. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Padma Shri Awardees". Government of India. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  23. ^ "C-DOT celebrates Foundation Day".
  24. ^ "Remembering founder executive director of C-DoT GB Meemamsi - ET Telecom".

External linksEdit