Indian Accounting Standards

Indian Accounting Standard (abbreviated as Ind-AS) is the Accounting standard adopted by companies in India and issued under the supervision of Accounting Standards Board (ASB) which was constituted as a body in the year 1977. ASB is a committee under Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) which consists of representatives from government department, academicians, other professional bodies viz. ICAI, representatives from ASSOCHAM, CII, FICCI, etc. ICAI is an independent body formed under an act of parliament.

The Ind AS are named and numbered in the same way as the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) recommend these standards to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). MCA has to spell out the accounting standards applicable for companies in India. As on date MCA has notified 41 Ind AS. This shall be applied to the companies of financial year 2015-16 voluntarily and from 2016-17 on a mandatory basis.

Based on the international consensus, the regulators will separately notify the date of implementation of Ind-AS for the banks, insurance companies etc. Standards for the computation of Tax has been notified as ICDS in February 2015.[1]

HistoryEdit

India followed accounting standards from Indian Generally Acceptable Accounting Principle (IGAAP) prior to adoption of the Ind-AS.[2][3]

Applicability[2][3][4][5]Edit

Companies shall follow Ind AS either Voluntarily or Mandatorily. Once a company follows Indian AS, either mandatorily or voluntarily, it can't revert to old method of Accounting.

Mandatory Applicability (1 April 16)Edit

  • Every Company with Net worth of not less than 500 crores (5 billion).

Mandatory Applicability from Accounting Period beginning on or after 1 April 2018Edit

  • Every Listed Company.
  • Unlisted Companies with Net worth greater than or equal to Rs. 2500000 crore (256.500 billion) but less than Rs. 50000 crore (6787895 billion)(for any of the below mentioned periods).

Net worth shall be checked for the previous four Financial Years (2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, and 2016–17)

List of Indian Accounting Standards[6]Edit

Ind As No. Name of Indian Accounting Standard
Ind AS 101 First time adoption of Ind AS
Ind AS 102 Share Based Payment
Ind AS 103 Business Combination
Ind AS 104 Insurance Contracts
Ind AS 105 Non-Current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations
Ind AS 106 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources
Ind AS 107 Financial Instruments: Disclosures
Ind AS 108 Operating Segments
Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments
Ind AS 110 Consolidated Financial Statements
Ind AS 111 Joint Arrangements
Ind AS 112 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities
Ind AS 113 Fair Value Measurement
Ind AS 114 Regulatory Deferral Accounts
Ind AS 115 Revenue from Contracts with Customers(Applicable from April 2018)
Ind AS 116 Leases (Applicable from April 2019)
Ind AS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements
Ind AS 2 Inventories
Ind AS 7 Statement of Cash Flows
Ind AS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors
Ind AS 10 Events occurring after Reporting Period
Ind AS 11 Construction Contracts (Omitted by the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018)
Ind AS 12 Income Taxes
Ind AS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment
Ind AS 19 Employee Benefits
Ind AS 20 Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance
Ind AS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates
Ind AS 23 Borrowing Costs
Ind AS 24 Related Party Disclosures
Ind AS 27 Separate Financial Statements
Ind AS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures
Ind AS 29 Financial Reporting in Hyper inflationary Economies
Ind AS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation
Ind AS 33 Earnings per Share
Ind AS 34 Interim Financial Reporting
Ind AS 36 Impairment of Assets
Ind AS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
Ind AS 38 Intangible Assets
Ind AS 40 Investment Property
Ind AS 41 Agriculture

ProvisionsEdit

Ind-AS is in line with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).[7]

Ind-AS 107 deals with disclosures related to financial instruments and related risks and the policies for managing such risks.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Indian Accounting Standards Converged with IFRS Notified". Press Information Bureau.
  2. ^ a b "How new accounting standards will impact Indian companies", The Economic Times, 14 July 2016
  3. ^ a b "Ind-AS to raise June quarter tax liabilities by 20%", The Economic Times, 13 April 2016
  4. ^ a b "Ind AS requires 3,000 disclosures for fair picture of cos", Business Standard, 24 May 2016
  5. ^ "Company (Inaian Accounting Standard) Rules, 2015" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Ministry Of Corporate Affairs - Indian Accounting Standards". www.mca.gov.in. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Corporates put restructuring, mergers, de-mergers within organisation on hold", The Economic Times, 27 May 2016

8. http://www.mca.gov.in/MinistryV2/accountingstandards1.html