Independent Left (France)
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It was not a political party but a technical group formed by independents and parties too small to form their own parliamentary group, including dissidents from the Communist, Socialist and Radical-Socialist parties, as well as left-wing regional parties and left-wing Catholics.
It was thus similar but distinct to the right-of-centre Independents of the Left group, which gathered up the independents and small parties who in temperament were similar to the right wing of the Radical-Socialists and the centre-right Radical Left, but who refused to support the Cartel and Popular Front.
Legislature of 1932 to 1936: the Cartel des GauchesEdit
The following parties and independents sat in as the Left Independent technical group between 1932 and 1936:
|Surname||Forename||Political Party (if applicable)|
|BERON||Emile||Communist Party of Alsace-Lorraine|
|DAHLET||Camille||Alsatian Progressive Party|
|DOEBLÉ||Victor||Communist Party of Alsace-Lorraine|
|LA CHAMBRE||Guy||independent Radical|
|MOURER||Jean-Pierre||Communist Party of Alsace-Lorraine|
|RENAITOUR||Jean-Michel||independent Socialist Republican|
Legislature of 1936 to 1940: the Popular FrontEdit
The Independent Left group's most famous incarnation existed between 1936 and 1940, when the following small parties sat in it:
- Party of Proletarian Unity (PUP), dissident communist;
- Frontist Party (PF), a party formed by antifascist Radical-Socialists.
- Radical-Socialist Party Camille Pelletan (PRS-CP), a party formed by antifascist Radical-Socialists.
- Former members of the Republican-Socialist Party who did not join the Socialist Republican Union (USR)
- Progressive Party, the federalist counterpart to the Radical-Socialist Party, before its decision to sit with the other Alsatian regionalist parties in 1936.
- Social-National Party (PSN), a small party founded by Jean Hennessy.
- League of the Young Republic (LJR), a social-Catholic pacifist party.