Independence Day (Tajikistan)

The Independence Day of Tajikistan (Tajik: Рӯзи Истиқлолияти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон), officially known as the Day of State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan, is the main national holiday of the Republic of Tajikistan.[1][2][3]

Independence Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
Рӯзи Истиқлолияти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Парад в Таджикистане в 2016.jpg
A mounted police battalion during the parade in 2016.
Also calledIndependence Day
Observed by Tajikistan
TypeState
SignificanceThe day the Supreme Soviet of the Tajik SSR adopted the Declaration "On the Sovereignty of the Republic of Tajikistan."
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts, Parades
DateSeptember 9
Next time9 September 2021 (2021-09-09)
Frequencyannual

BackgroundEdit

Facing a spillover of the unrests throughout Eastern Europe that began in Poland, the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, among other republics of the USSR declared its sovereignty. On August 24, 1990, for the second session of the Supreme Soviet of the Tajik SSR adopted the Declaration "On the Sovereignty of the Tajik SSR." But this sovereignty was declared while the Soviet Union still existed. Despite this, the declaration was only the first document to on the path to the real independence of Tajikistan, with the former Minister of Justice stating that, "Declaration was the first document towards independence. For example, it is the fifth article that had given the Supreme Council of the Republic the authority to stop the action of the documents of the USSR, which contradicted the legal rights in Tajikistan."[4] After the failed coup organized by the State Committee on the State of Emergency in August 1991, the national republics began the process of proclaiming national independence. The Communist Party of Tajikistan, which had been ruling the republic, was also formally dissolved. On September 9, 1991 at the session Supreme Soviet, a Resolution and Declaration "On State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan" was adopted, being formally signed by acting president Qadriddin Aslonov.[5][6] Tajikistan gained independence formally on December 26, 1991 in connection with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

CustomsEdit

According to the law "On the feast days", September 9 is the main official state holiday in the country and is celebrated every year.[7][8] The traditional 21-gun salute and fireworks annually take place in honor of the holiday, which is also a non-working day.[9] Military parades of the Dushanbe Military Garrison on Dousti Square celebrating Independence Day have been held Quinquennially on September 9, with the 2016 parade being the biggest one as of yet. An annual mass games are also usually held in the central stadium of Dushanbe. Tajik families usually celebrate the holiday with small traditional feasts, as well as with the decoration of cars, buildings, and streets with Tajik flags. Television channels such as Televidenye Tajikistana (1TV First Channel until 2016) and TV Varzish stream all of the official events live during their programs. National festivities of Tajik Independence Day are observed by the Tajik diaspora in Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the United States.[10]

Events by yearEdit

  • On Independence Day in 2019, President Rahmon opened the Second Unit of the Rogun Hydropower Plant.[11]
  • 2020 marked 29 years of independence, with low-profile events being held due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Tajikistan.[12]
  • The 30th anniversary will be marked in 2021. In preparation for this event, working groups were created in all regions, cities and districts, with an action plan having been approved.[13] On 23 January 2020, the holiday emblem was adopted, depicting an overpass, a power plant and a tunnel and having the inscription "State independence of Tajikistan" in Tajik and English with the dates are "1991-2021".[14][15] The quinquennial parade on Armed Forces Day in 2018 was canceled by President Rahmon due to the government refusing to hold any major parades until the 30th anniversary.[16]

See alsoEdit

External links and sourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tajikistan celebrates Independence Day". aglobalworld.com. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  2. ^ "Tajikistan Independence Day". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  3. ^ "Independence Day of Tajikistan". Manila Bulletin News. Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  4. ^ Независимость Таджикистана. Как это было? | 20 лет Независимости Республики Таджикистан | Справочник г. Душанбе
  5. ^ "Независимость Таджикистана. Как это было? | 20 лет Независимости Республики Таджикистан | Справочник г. Душанбе". vdushanbe.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  6. ^ "Emomali Rahmon: The Accidental Leader Who Has Stayed In Power For Decades". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  7. ^ Қонунҳо ва Қарорҳо.Маҷлиси Олии Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
  8. ^ Празднование 20-летия независимости Таджикистана обойдется в 1 млрд. сомони » Главные новости Таджикистана | Лента новостей ИА "Независимое мнение" | Новости Таджикистана сего...
  9. ^ Законы > Законодательство Республики Таджикистан > Национальный центр законодательства при Президенте РТ
  10. ^ "Diplomatic Enclave: National Day of Tajikistan celebrated". The News. 14 September 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  11. ^ http://president.tj/en/node/21277
  12. ^ "Tajikistan Marks Independence Day Without Public Events". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  13. ^ admin. "29 лет Государственной независимости: главные достижения Таджикистана". Народная газета (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  14. ^ "Президент утвердил символ 30-летия Независимости Таджикистана | Новости Таджикистана ASIA-Plus". asiaplustj.info. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  15. ^ "Рахмон утвердил символ «30-летия Государственной независимости Таджикистана»". tajikta.tj (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  16. ^ "В Душанбе военный парад в честь 25-летия ВС Таджикистана — отменяется". Новости Центральной Азии (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-18.