Inclined building

An inclined building is a building that was intentionally built at an incline. Buildings are built with an incline primarily for aesthetics, offering a unique feature to a city's skyline, as well as framing other buildings and structures between them when built in pairs.

Puerta de Europa, the first inclined buildings ever built.

DesignEdit

Despite the outward appearance of an inclined building as "leaning-over", they are as structurally sound as any non-inclined building. The mass of the building's upper floors is always equal or less than the mass of the building's lower floors, ensuring the building remains balanced around its centre of mass.

The upward slope of an inclined building is not to be confused with the upward slope of an otherwise non-inclined building, such as the Leadenhall Building in London. It should also not be confused with the top-heavy design of an otherwise non-inclined building, such as Vancouver House in Vancouver.

Tallest inclined buildingsEdit

As of October 2019, this list includes all intentionally inclined buildings (completed and architecturally topped out) which reach a height of 30 metres (98 ft) or more, as assessed by their highest architectural feature. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts.

bold Denotes building that is or was once the tallest in the world
Rank Name Image Location Country Height
m (ft)
Floors Inclination Completed Notes Ref
1 Altair - East Tower   Colombo   Sri Lanka 209.1 m (686 ft) 68 13.8° 2019 Topped out. Tallest inclined building in the world since 2019, as well as the tallest building in Sri Lanka. Its inclusion on the list is arguable as it is not entirely self supported, there is a structural connection to the projects West Tower on the leaning side. [1]
2 Capital Gate   Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates 164.7 m (540 ft) 36 18° 2011 Tallest inclined building in the world from 2011 to 2019. [2]
3 American Copper Buildings - East Tower   New York City, New York   United States 143.1 m (469 ft) 40 ? 2017 [3]
4 Veer Towers   Las Vegas, Nevada   United States 137 m (449 ft) 37 2010 Tallest inclined buildings in the world from 2010 to 2011. Tallest inclined twin buildings in the world since 2010. [4][5]
5 Marina Tower Melbourne   Melbourne, Victoria   Australia 134.9 m (443 ft) 43 2017 Tallest inclined building in the Southern Hemisphere. [6]
6 Puerta de Europa   Madrid   Spain 113.8 m (373 ft) 26 15° 1996 Tallest inclined buildings in the world from 1996 to 2010. [7][8]
7 AC Hotel Bella Sky Copenhagen   Copenhagen   Denmark 76.5 m (251 ft) 24 15° 2011 [9]
8 City Hall   London   United Kingdom 45.1 m (148 ft) 10 ? 2002 [10]
9 Museum of the Second World War   Gdańsk   Poland 40.6 m (133 ft) 6 56° 2017 [11][12]
10 Dockland Office Building   Hamburg   Germany 39.9 m (131 ft) 8 66° 2005 Features an inclination of 66°, the most of any inclined building. [13][14]
11 Wellington International Airport ATC Tower Wellington   New Zealand 32 m (105 ft) 8 12.5° 2018 Also known as "the leaning tower of Rongotai". [15]

Other ExamplesEdit

 
"The Geese" of Akademgorodok, Russia.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Altair - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  2. ^ "Capital Gate Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  3. ^ "American Copper Buildings East Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  4. ^ "Veer Towers East - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  5. ^ "Veer Towers West - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  6. ^ "Marina Tower - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  7. ^ "Puerta de Europa Torre I - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  8. ^ "Puerta de Europa Torre II - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  9. ^ "Bella Sky Complex - The Skyscraper Center". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  10. ^ "London City Hall, London - SkyscraperPage.com". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  11. ^ "Museum of the Second World War, Gdańsk | 1353519 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  12. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". trojmiasto.wyborcza.pl. Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  13. ^ "Dockland Office Building, Hamburg". Verdict Designbuild. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  14. ^ "Dockland, Hamburg - SkyscraperPage.com". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  15. ^ grant.bradley@nzherald.co.nz @gbradleynz, Grant Bradley Aviation, tourism and energy writer for the NZ Herald (2018-02-05). "New 'leaning tower of Rongotai' is eye-catching marvel". ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  16. ^ Xiong, Daisy. "Over 1,100 new dwellings to tower near Brighouse Station". Richmond News. Retrieved 2019-09-30.
  17. ^ "Landmark redevelopment with 4 towers proposed next to Richmond-Brighouse Station | Urbanized". dailyhive.com. Retrieved 2019-09-30.

External linksEdit