Inchview was a football ground in the Whiteinch area of Glasgow, Scotland. It was the home ground of Partick F.C. from the 1870s until 1885, and of Partick Thistle from 1885 until 1897.

Inchview
LocationGlasgow, Scotland
Coordinates55°52′21″N 4°19′52″W / 55.872371°N 4.330998°W / 55.872371; -4.330998Coordinates: 55°52′21″N 4°19′52″W / 55.872371°N 4.330998°W / 55.872371; -4.330998[1]
Record attendance8,000[2]
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Built1875
Closed1897
Tenants
Partick F.C. 1875–1885
Partick Thistle 1885–1897

HistoryEdit

Partick FCEdit

Partick F.C. were formed in 1875, with their ground listed as 'Whiteinch' which they were still in the process of developing[3] – it appears this was the same place as Inchview, which was located in that district[1] (the ground name, taken from a neighbouring villa off Dumbarton Road, would have derived from the former status of 'Whyt Inch' as an island on the River Clyde prior to the river being artificially widened, with the removed soil used to connect the island to the mainland). By 1877, when Partick played English club Darwen, the venue for the games in Glasgow was given as 'Inchview', and it can be assumed it was their regular home from then on.[4] The Scottish Football League had yet to be formed, but Partick entered the Scottish Cup from the 1875–76 season.

A local rival emerged in the shape of Partick Thistle, who initially played on public grounds at Overnewton Park (near to Kelvingrove Park at Kelvinhaugh/Yorkhill) after their foundation in 1876,[5][6] followed by tenancies at Jordanvale (in Whiteinch) from 1880 to 1883,[5][7] and Muir Park in the heart of the burgh of Partick, which was separate from Glasgow at the time, from 1883 to 1885.[5][8] Muir Park was also very close to close to Hamilton Crescent, cricket ground and venue for most of the important early fixtures in Scottish football including the first-ever international match in 1872.

Thistle had been growing in stature, entering the Scottish Cup (along with Partick) for the first time in 1880–81[9] and consistently beating their neighbours whenever they met.[10] In summer 1885, it was announced that Partick F.C. had gone defunct and Partick Thistle would be moving in as tenants at Inchview (although not stated as a merger or takeover, effectively this is what occurred).[10] The Muir Park grounds were sold for housebuilding; Gardner Street and Muirpark Street occupy the site today.[8][11]

Partick ThistleEdit

Partick Thistle's first match as residents of Inchview was a friendly against Abercorn on 22 August 1885 which finished 4–4.[12] The ground hosted one tie in the English FA Cup which at that time included entrants from the other Home nations – Thistle routed Fleetwood Rangers 7–0 in the 1886–87 edition.[13][14] The record attendance at the ground was set in 1887, when 8,000 attended a 2–1 Scottish Cup victory for Partick Thistle over Rangers.[2][15] Inchview was also the club's home during their two seasons in the Scottish Football Alliance competition (1891 to 1983),[16] and for their first four years in Scottish Football League Division Two (1893 to 1897).[17] The first SFL fixture at the ground was a 3–0 defeat to Abercorn on 26 August 1893.[18][19]

On 10 March 1894, the record margin of victory in the Scottish League was recorded at Inchview when Partick Thistle defeated [Glasgow] Thistle 13–1;[20][21][19] the record only stood for a year, exceeded by Dundee Wanderers' 15–1 loss to Airdrieonians the following season,[22] but these two results still stand alone as the biggest wins in the competition. In April 1894, Inchview was the venue for a Glasgow Junior Cup final between two local teams (Ashfield and Glasgow Perthshire, both based in Possilpark and still active in the 21st century).[23]

In October 1894, Partick Thistle appeared to have secured a famous win at the ground with a 1–0 win over Rangers in the semi-final of the Glasgow Cup;[24][25] however, Rangers successfully protested that Partick had used ineligible players, and a replay was ordered, with the Govan club winning 5–3.[26][27][28]

Plans to moveEdit

By 1896, the condition of the pitch and facilities at Inchview was coming in for heavy criticism, and the club were habitually recording better results away than at home,[2] while there was no stand for spectators and points around the peripheries of the ground where matches could be watched without entry fees being paid.[29] As the lease on the land was only short-term, Thistle could be asked to vacate at short notice,[2] and to this end they sought a new ground with more stability which they could improve, finding a suitable site at Meadowside on the banks of the river closer to the centre of Partick.[30] Despite having to be conservative with finances to fund the move, the plans coincided with a strong period on the field, as the team won the 1896–97 Scottish Division Two title.[29] Automatic promotion had not yet been introduced, but Partick were successfully elected to the top division for the first time. The final SFL match at Inchview was a 2–0 win over Kilmarnock,[31] but more important had been the 5–0 victory over closest challengers Leith Athletic a few weeks earlier, with 4,000 attending that decisive match, a decent attendance on the same day as the Scottish Cup Final was taking place.[29] Additional friendly matches played at Inchview before the completion of the switch to Meadowside included a 4–3 win over Blackburn Rovers.[29]

Later use of siteEdit

Tenements were later built over the site of Inchview, as well as a road (Ferryden Street) leading down to the launching point for the Whichinch-Linthouse ferry across the river.[32] In turn, this became the route of the Clyde Tunnel (completed 1963), with its northern entry building occupying almost the same point as the ground.[2][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ordnance Survey 25 inch Scotland, 1892-1905, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)
  2. ^ a b c d e Inchview, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  3. ^ The birth of Partick Football Club, Scottish Sport History, 25 October 2015
  4. ^ The 1870s : Scottish Dominance, Before The 'D'...Association Football around the world, 1863-1937, 24 April 2013
  5. ^ a b c d Partick Thistle Early Grounds, Glasgow Punter, 20 April 2013
  6. ^ Overnewton Park, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  7. ^ Jordanvale Park, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  8. ^ a b Muir Park, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  9. ^ 1880-81 On The Move, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  10. ^ a b 1884-85 Takeover, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  11. ^ Partick. Property Sale, Glasgow Herald, 6 June 1885 (via Partick Thistle History Archive)
  12. ^ 1885-86 A Season of Two Halves, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  13. ^ FA Cup 1887, English Football League Tables
  14. ^ 1886-87 English Cup Triumphs, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  15. ^ 2-1 Vs Rangers in Scottish Cup 24/09/1887, FitbaStats Partick Thistle
  16. ^ Saturday's football: Alliance matches, Glasgow Herald, 10 August 1891
  17. ^ Partick Thistle 1888 (People's Palace, Social History File), The Glasgow Story
  18. ^ 0-3 Vs Abercorn in Scottish League 26/08/1893 FitbaStats Partick Thistle
  19. ^ a b 1893-94 Members of the Scottish League, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  20. ^ J. Rollin, The Guinness Football Factbook, Enfield: Guinness Publishing, 1993, p. 140
  21. ^ 13-1 Vs Thistle in Scottish League 10/03/1894, FitbaStats Partick Thistle
  22. ^ Twydell, Dave (1993). Rejected F.C. of Scotland Volume 2: Glasgow & District. pp. 230–239. ISBN 1-874427-30-5.
  23. ^ The origins, patronage and culture of association football in the west of Scotland, c. 1865-1902, Matthew McDowell (University of Glasgow), 2010
  24. ^ 1-0 Vs Rangers in Glasgow Cup 27/10/1894, FitbaStats Partick Thistle
  25. ^ Glasgow Cup–Semi-Final Ties, Glasgow Herald, 29 October 1894 (via Partick Thistle History Archive)
  26. ^ 3-5 Vs Rangers in Glasgow Cup 10/11/1894, FitbaStats Partick Thistle
  27. ^ Glasgow Cup–Re-played Tie, Glasgow Herald, 12 November 1894 (via Partick Thistle History Archive)
  28. ^ 1894-95 Flirting with re-election, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  29. ^ a b c d 1896-97 Second Division Champions, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  30. ^ Meadowside, Partick Thistle - The Early Years
  31. ^ 2-0 Vs Kilmarnock in Scottish League 17/04/1897
  32. ^ Ordnance Survey 1:2,500, 1944-1967, Explore georeferenced maps (National Library of Scotland)