Inis Bó Finne
|Area||0.266 km2 (0.103 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||41 m (135 ft)|
Inis Bó Finne
Insula Vaccae Albae
|Order||Canons Regular of Saint Augustine|
|Location||Lough Ree, County Westmeath|
|Visible remains||two churches|
Saint Ríoch is said to have founded a Christian monastery on Inchbofin in AD 530. The island's name is from the Irish Inis Bó Finne, meaning "Island of the white/fair cow", and so it is easily confused with Inishbofin, County Galway and Inishbofin, County Donegal, which have the same Irish name. The Latin calques Īnsula Vaccae Albae or Īnsula Vitulae Albae are also used on occasion. The monastery was of the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine.
The Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837) said that of Inchbofin's 64 acres (26 ha), there were 27 acres (11 ha) suitable for arable use. Griffith's Valuation (mid-19th century) mentions three families on the island: Skelly, Connell and Heffernan; the island was owned by Susan Galbraith. In the 1911 census, there were 13 people living on the island, of the same 3 families.
On the 12th February 2018, John Connell, the last permanent resident of the island, died.
- 750: Fiangalach, son of Anmchadh, son of Maelcuraich, Abbot of Inchbofin, in Lough Ree, died. (Annals of the Four Masters)
- 722: Tomrair son of Elgi, a jarl of the Norsemen, on the Lower Shannon, and he proceeded and plundered Inis Celtra and Muicinis, and burned Clonmacnoise; and he went on Lough Ree and plundered all its islands, and he ravaged Meath.
- 755: Indrechtach son of Dlúthach, king of Uí Maine, Flaithnia son of Flann grandson of Congal, king of Uí Fhailgi, Fiangalach son of Anmchad son of Mael Curaich, abbot of Inchbofin on Lough Ree, Mac Rónchon of Cenél Cairpri, Snéidcheist, abbot of Naendruim, died. (Annals of Ulster)
- 1016: A great hosting by Brian's son to Lough Ree, and he plundered Inchcleraun and Inchbofin, brought away the boats of Mael Sechnaill and Leth Cuinn, and took the hostages of Munster from Cnámhchaill westwards. (Annals of Inisfallen)
- 1089: The fleet of the men of Munster, under the conduct of Muirchertach Ua Briain, arrived on the Shannon, and upon Lough Ree; and they plundered the churches of the lake, namely, Inchcleraun, Inchbofin, Hare Island, and Cloonown. (Annals of the Four Masters)
- 1089: A great fleet led by Muircheartach Ó Briain, king of Munster, on the Shannon and on Lough Ree, and they rifled Inchbofin and Inchcleraun (Annals of Tigernach)
The remains of two churches survive on Inchbofin. One (12th century) is at the north-eastern point of the island and has an irregular enclosure. It consists of a nave, transept and sacristy. To the north of the altar is a Romanesque window, and above a window is a carving of a bishop's head. The smaller church ruin to the south is from the 12th/13th centuries.
- "Inchbofin, County Westmeath".
- Grenham, John. "Lewis' Topographical Dictionary entries for".
- "National Archives: Census of Ireland 1911".
- "Secret Ireland: Lough Ree - Independent.ie".
- "Westmeath Independent - Air Corps comes to Athlone to deliver fodder to Lough Ree islands".
- End of an era as last islander passes, Westmeath Independent
- "Part 58 of Annals of the Four Masters".
- "The Annals of Ulster".
- "Part 19 of Annals of the Four Masters".
- "Inchbofin, St Rioch". The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain & Ireland.
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