Inari, Finland

Inari (Inari Sami: Aanaar; Skolt Sami: Aanar; Northern Sami: Anár; Swedish: Enare) is Finland's largest municipality (but one of the most sparsely populated), with four official languages, more than any other in the country. Its major sources of income are tourism, service industry and cold climate testing. With the Siida museum in the village of Inari, it is a center of Sami culture. The airport in Ivalo and the country's key north-south European Route E75 (Finland's National Road 4) bring summer and winter vacationers seeking resorts with access to a well-preserved, uncrowded natural environment.

Inari

InariAanaarAanarAnár

Enare
Municipality
Inarin kunta
Enare kommun
Lapland Shop in Inari in 1975
Lapland Shop in Inari in 1975
Coat of arms of Inari
Coat of arms
Location of Inari in Finland
Location of Inari in Finland
Coordinates: 68°54′18″N 027°01′49″E / 68.90500°N 27.03028°E / 68.90500; 27.03028Coordinates: 68°54′18″N 027°01′49″E / 68.90500°N 27.03028°E / 68.90500; 27.03028
Country Finland
RegionLapland
Sub-regionNorthern Lapland
Charter1876
Government
 • Municipal managerToni K. Laine
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total17,333.65 km2 (6,692.56 sq mi)
 • Land15,052.36 km2 (5,811.75 sq mi)
 • Water2,281.41 km2 (880.86 sq mi)
Area rankLargest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total6,916
 • Rank143rd largest in Finland
 • Density0.46/km2 (1.2/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish92.7% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Sami5.9%
 • Others1.1%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1413.8%
 • 15 to 6468.8%
 • 65 or older17.4%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.inari.fi

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

The municipality of Inari has a population of 6,916 (31 January 2019).[2] The population density is 0.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.2/sq mi).

Its two largest villages are Ivalo and Inari. Other villages are Törmänen, Keväjärvi, Koppelo, SevettijärviNäätämö, Saariselkä, Nellim, Angeli, Kaamanen, Kuttura, Lisma, Partakko, and Riutula.

LanguagesEdit

The municipality has four official languages: Finnish, Inari Sami (ca. 400 estimated speakers), Skolt Sami (ca. 400 speakers), and Northern Sami (ca. 700 speakers). The estimates of how many people have some command of each of the Sami languages differ from the number of people who list them as their mother tongues. Of the total population of 6,863 in 2010, 6,366 people registered Finnish and 400 people registered one of the Sami languages as their mother tongue. Ninety-seven inhabitants were native speakers of other languages.

CitizenshipEdit

Only about 1%, 78 persons, were citizens of countries other than Finland in 2010.

GeographyEdit

Inari is the largest municipality in Finland. Located in Lapland, it covers an area of 17,333.65 square kilometres (6,692.56 sq mi),[1] of which 2,281.41 km2 (880.86 sq mi) is water. With an area of 1,043 km2 (403 sq mi), Lake Inari is the third largest lake in Finland, 40 km2 (15 sq mi) smaller than the country's second largest Lake Päijänne.

Finland's largest National Park Lemmenjoki is partly located in Inari, as is the Urho Kekkonen National Park. Vast parts of the municipality are designated wilderness areas: Hammastunturi, Muotkatunturi, Paistunturi, Kaldoaivi, Vätsäri, and Tsarmitunturi.

The village of Inari is Finland's northernmost holiday resort. The airport is located in the nearby village of Ivalo.

Inari has a chilly and humid climate with fairly cold winters and cool summers (Köppen Dfc). Due to the polar night, winter time temperatures are often severely cold. However, the midnight sun contributes to surprisingly high summertime temperatures. The warmest temperature ever recorded at Ivalo Airport was 31.8 °C (89.2 °F) in July 1925, while the coldest temperature on record was −48.9 °C (−56.0 °F) in January 1999. However, in July 1914 Thule weather station in western Inari recorded an unofficial record high temperature of 34.7 °C (94.5 °F), which is the highest temperature ever recorded in Lapland. [6] Inari is also among the driest locations in Finland, especially in the winter when the average precipitation total is less than half of the amount that Southern Finland receives. The driest year on record was 1941 when only 120,1 mm (4,7 inches) fell. [7]

Climate data for Ivalo airport, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1925- present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
16.4
(61.5)
28.2
(82.8)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.4
(88.5)
24.4
(75.9)
12.8
(55.0)
8.6
(47.5)
7.4
(45.3)
31.7
(89.1)
Average high °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.9
(37.2)
8.9
(48.0)
15.4
(59.7)
18.8
(65.8)
15.8
(60.4)
9.9
(49.8)
2.8
(37.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
3.7
(38.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.8
(9.0)
−12.0
(10.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.5
(40.1)
10.6
(51.1)
14.0
(57.2)
11.4
(52.5)
6.2
(43.2)
0.1
(32.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
Average low °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−16.8
(1.8)
−12.5
(9.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.2
(32.4)
6.1
(43.0)
9.6
(49.3)
7.3
(45.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−10.7
(12.7)
−15.6
(3.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
Record low °C (°F) −48.9
(−56.0)
−48.6
(−55.5)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−15.8
(3.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.6
(11.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−48.9
(−56.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
38
(1.5)
52
(2.0)
75
(3.0)
75
(3.0)
46
(1.8)
41
(1.6)
28
(1.1)
24
(0.9)
472
(18.6)
Average precipitation days 8 6 6 6 9 9 11 11 9 9 8 7 99
Source #1: FMI climatological normals for Finland 1981-2010[8]
Source #2: record highs and lows 1961- present[9]

FMI(record highs and lows 1925-1961)[7]

PoliticsEdit

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Inari:

HistoryEdit

The municipality was established in 1876.

Sites of interestEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ Ilmatieteellinen Keskuslaitos:Suomen meteorologinen vuosikirja, 1914.
  7. ^ a b [1]
  8. ^ "FMI normals 1981-2010" (PDF). fmi.fi. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  9. ^ "FMI open data". FMI. Retrieved 26 April 2016.

External linksEdit