In Guezzam

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In Guezzam (Arabic: عين قزام, lit. springs of Guezzam; Berber spelling: Gezzam) is a town and commune that is the capital of In Guezzam Province, Algeria, on the border with Niger. Till 26 November 2019 it was part of the Tamanrasset Province.[2] The border town on the Niger side is Assamaka. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 7,045,[1] up from 4,938 in 1998,[3] with an annual growth rate of 3.7%, the second highest in the Tamanrasset province's 2008 boundaries.[1]

In Guezzam
عين قزام / Gezzam
Town and commune
Location of In Guezzam commune within In Guezzam Province
Location of In Guezzam commune within In Guezzam Province
In Guezzam is located in Algeria
In Guezzam
In Guezzam
Location of In Guezzam within Algeria
Coordinates: 19°34′7″N 5°46′20″E / 19.56861°N 5.77222°E / 19.56861; 5.77222Coordinates: 19°34′7″N 5°46′20″E / 19.56861°N 5.77222°E / 19.56861; 5.77222
Country Algeria
ProvinceIn Guezzam
DistrictIn Guezzam (coextensive)
Government
 • PMA Seats7
Area
 • Total46,813 km2 (18,075 sq mi)
Elevation
400 m (1,300 ft)
Population
 (2008)[1]
 • Total7,045
 • Density0.15/km2 (0.39/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal code
11130
ONS code1104

HistoryEdit

The commune of In Guezzam was established on 19 December 1984.[4] The district was established in 1986. On 18 December 2019 it became a provincial capital of the new In Guezzam Province. -Population history

In Guezzam's population growth since 1977:
Year Population Source
1977 1 195 [citation needed]
1987 2 189 [citation needed]
1998 4 938 [citation needed]
2008 (census) 7,045 [1]

GeographyEdit

In Guezzam lies in the barren Tanezrouft region of far southern Algeria. The landscape is sandy, with frequent sand dunes interspersed with sandstone outcrops.

ClimateEdit

In Guezzam has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, very warm winters. Despite an extremely dry climate, some occasional rainfall occur during the months of August and September due to the influence of the far northern edge of the West African Monsoon, unlike most of the Algerian Desert. Averages high temperatures soar during the height of the long summer season, with daytime highs always over 40 °C (104 °F) during nearly 4 months and even above 45 °C (113 °F).

Climate data for In Guezzam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
29.3
(84.7)
33.7
(92.7)
38.3
(100.9)
41.0
(105.8)
41.6
(106.9)
40.1
(104.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.9
(102.0)
37.0
(98.6)
32.6
(90.7)
28.4
(83.1)
35.5
(96.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70.0)
25.3
(77.5)
30.1
(86.2)
33.3
(91.9)
34.6
(94.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.8
(89.2)
29.3
(84.7)
24.6
(76.3)
20.6
(69.1)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.6
(78.1)
27.6
(81.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
21.6
(70.9)
16.6
(61.9)
12.8
(55.0)
20.3
(68.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
3
(0.1)
7
(0.3)
23
(0.9)
9
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
43
(1.7)
Source: Climate-data.org

TransportationEdit

In Guezzam lies on the Trans-Sahara Highway, at the end of the N1 Algerian national highway, which leads north to Tamanrasset and eventually Algiers. The road continues southeast to Arlit in Niger. In Guezzam is also served by In Guezzam Airport, which is, however, closed for public usage.[5]

EducationEdit

1.7% of the population has a tertiary education (the equal lowest rate in the province), and another 4.9% has completed secondary education.[6] The overall literacy rate is 39.4%, and is 50.7% among males and 29.1% among females; all three rates are the lowest in the province.[7]

LocalitiesEdit

The commune is composed of six localities:[8]

  • In Guezzam
  • In Azaoua
  • Laouni
  • In Ataye
  • Garet Nous
  • Hassi in Tafouk

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Population: Wilaya de Tamanrasset" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "10 New Wilayas – El Khabar" (in Arabic). No. 26 November 2019. El Khabar. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  4. ^ Journal officiel du 19 décembre 1984, page 1496
  5. ^ "In Guezzam Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence " (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Décret n° 84–365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya de Tamanghasset" (PDF) (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne. 19 December 1984. p. 1496. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2013.