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In Eker (also written as I-n-Eker or In Ekker) is a village in the commune of In Amguel,[1] in Tamanrasset District, Tamanrasset Province, Algeria. It lies on the N1 national highway 39 kilometres (24 mi) north of In Amguel and 145 kilometres (90 mi) north of Tamanrasset city.[2]

In Eker
Village
In Eker is located in Algeria
In Eker
In Eker
Coordinates: 24°1′23″N 5°4′51″E / 24.02306°N 5.08083°E / 24.02306; 5.08083Coordinates: 24°1′23″N 5°4′51″E / 24.02306°N 5.08083°E / 24.02306; 5.08083
Country  Algeria
Province Tamanrasset Province
District Tamanrasset District
Commune In Amguel[1]
Elevation 991 m (3,251 ft)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

ClimateEdit

In Eker has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for In Eker
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25
(77)
28
(82)
32
(90)
34
(93)
36
(97)
37
(99)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
33
(91)
29
(84)
26
(79)
37
(99)
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
29
(84)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
28
(82)
25
(77)
20
(68)
28
(82)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
22
(72)
18
(64)
13
(55)
21
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
16
(61)
11
(52)
6
(43)
14
(58)
Record low °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
6
(43)
7
(45)
15
(59)
17
(63)
16
(61)
14
(57)
9
(48)
2
(36)
−4
(25)
−4
(25)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
3
(0.1)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
3
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
75
(2.9)
Source: Weatherbase (period of record 10 years)[3]

Testing SiteEdit

In the 1960s In Eker was the scene of several underground Nuclear Tests conducted by the French military. They included the now infamous Béryl incident which released a cloud of radioactive dust outside the tunnel entrance, contaminating officials viewing the test.[4][5]

In 1999 the International Atomic Energy Agency conducted tests at the site and found that some radioactive contamination remained on the surface. This was in the form of several isotopes with Caesium-137 being the most prominent. Their report concluded that Nomadic pastoralism through the adjacent areas would result in exposures of around 50µSV/a, however

Persons scavenging metals in the immediate vicinity of the E2 [test] tunnel might receive doses up to 0.5mSv in 8 hours. Currently, external exposure rates are less than one-tenth those existing in 1966.[6]

The study further found alpha particle emission from the solidified lava is roughly the same as the surrounding natural rock, which has some naturally occurring uranium. To date, some limited follow up by French personnel has taken place, but no long-term study of the native population, nor the aquifers in the area has been done.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (PDF) (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1496. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "I-n-Eker, Algeria". Geonames.org. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate data for: I-n-Eker, Algeria Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Bellec, Jean, Sahara In Eker  Archived 4 April 2014[Date mismatch] at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Les essais nucléaires français au Sahara access-date=27 Mar 2014 
  6. ^ Radiological Conditions at the Former French Nuclear Test Sites in Algeria: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations (PDF), Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 2005, p. 33 
Neighbouring towns and cities