Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows

The Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows (Spanish: Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas) was a Spanish state and military order. It was established in 1937 under the dictatorship of Caudillo Francisco Franco and abolished in 1976 following Franco's death and during the Spanish transition to democracy.[1][2][3] The order came in five grades.[3][4][5]

Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows
Orden Yugo Flechas AEAColl.jpg
Grand cross of the order.
Awarded by the Spain Spanish State
TypeState/military order
Established1 October 1937
MottoTo Cesar what is Cesar's and to God what is God's
(Al César lo que es del César y a Dios lo que es de Dios)
StatusObsolete
FounderFrancisco Franco
GradesGrand Collar
Grand Cross
Commendation with Plaque
Commendation
Medal
Statistics
First induction1937
Last induction1976
Precedence
Next (higher)None, highest
Ribbon of the order
Ribbon of the order

HistoryEdit

The Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows was established on 1 October 1937 by Francisco Franco during the second year of the Spanish Civil War.[2] The symbol of the yoke and arrows, known in Spanish as the yugo and flechas, was a symbol of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain during the late 15th and early 16th century, but was also used as a symbol of Falangism.[1] The motto of the order was "To Cesar what is Cesar's and to God what is God's," in reference to Jesus' saying from Chapter 22 in the Gospel of Matthew.[2][3] On 27 January 1943, a decree established that the award would be one of the leaders of the Falangist movement in Francoist Spain.[2][5] The award was abolished in 1976 during the Spanish transition to democracy.[3]

Notable recipientsEdit

Spanish recipientsEdit

Foreign recipientsEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Gobierno del Estado" [Government of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 4 October 1937. pp. 349–350. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Breast Badge of the Order of the Yoke and Arrows, Spain Breast Badge Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas, España". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Victor de Miguel (20 March 2018). "España – La Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas (1937–1976)" [Spain – The Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows (1937–1976)]. V.F.M.R Orders&Medals (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Spain (1938–1975, Spanish State dictatorship)". Traces of War. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Gobierno de la Nación" [Government of the Nation] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 29 January 1943. p. 974. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Jefatura del Estado" [Leadership of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 19 May 1939. p. 2,719. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gobierno de la Nación" [Government of the Nation] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 18 July 1952. p. 3,316. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Decreto 1494/1969, de 18 de julio, por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas a don Manuel Díez-Alegría Gutiérrez" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (171): 11399. 18 July 1969. ISSN 0212-033X.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Jefatura del Estado" [Leadership of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 28 May 1940. p. 3,997. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Otras Disposiciones" [Other Provisions] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 5 July 1975. p. 14,649. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Jefatura del Estado" [Leadership of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 15 May 1953. p. 2,804. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  12. ^ "Gobierno de la Nación" [Government of the Nation] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 20 May 1956. p. 3,282. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  13. ^ "Lammers, Hans Heinrich". Traces of War. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas Medalla" [Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows Medal]. Traces of War. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Gobierno de la Nación" [Government of the Nation] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 4 April 1956. p. 2,274. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Mussolini, Benito Amilcare Andrea". Traces of War. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  17. ^ "Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas Gran Cruz" [Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows Grand Cross]. Traces of War. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Gobierno de la Nación" [Government of the Nation] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 19 April 1952. p. 1,767. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Gobierno del Estado" [Government of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 22 April 1952. p. 1,862. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Jefatura del Estado" [Leadership of the State] (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (PFD) (in Spanish). 1 April 1952. p. 1,534. Retrieved 3 February 2021.