Imperial Noble Consort Quehui

Dowager Imperial Noble Consort Quehui (1668 – 24 April 1743), of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner Tunggiya clan, was a consort of the Kangxi Emperor. She was 14 years his junior.

Imperial Noble Consort Quehui
Portrait of an Imperial Lady possibly Imperial Noble Consort Quehui.jpg
Born1668
(康熙七年 八月)
Died24 April 1743(1743-04-24) (aged 74–75)
(乾隆八年 四月 一日)
Forbidden City
Burial
Jing Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
Spouse
(died 1722)
Posthumous name
Imperial Noble Consort Quehui
(愨惠皇貴妃)
HouseTong, later Tunggiya (佟佳; by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Imperial Noble Consort Quehui
Traditional Chinese愨惠皇貴妃
Simplified Chinese悫惠皇贵妃

LifeEdit

Family backgroundEdit

Imperial Noble Consort Quehui's personal name was not recorded in history. Her family originally belonged to the Han Chinese Plain Blue Banner.

  • Father: Guowei (國維; d. 1719), served as a first rank military official (領侍衛內大臣), and held the title of a first class duke (一等公)
    • Paternal grandfather: Tulai (圖賴; 1606–1658), served as a first rank military official (都統), and held the title of a first class duke (一等公)
    • Paternal grandmother: Lady Gioro
    • Paternal aunt: Empress Xiaokangzhang (1638–1663), the mother of the Kangxi Emperor (1654–1722)
  • Mother: Lady Hešeri
  • Six brothers
    • First brother: Yekeshu (叶克书), father of Shun'anyan
    • Second brother: Dekesi (德克新), served as third class imperial guard
    • Third brother: Longkodo (d. 1728)
    • Fourth brother: Hongshan (洪善)
    • Fifth brother: Qingyuan (庆元)
    • Sixth brother: Qingfu (庆復; d. 1747), served as first rank military official (都統/都统, pinyin: dutong) from 1727-1733, Viceroy of Liangjiang, Viceroy of Yunnan, Viceroy of Liangguang in 1741, a Grand Secretary of Wenhua hall (文华殿大学士)
  • Elder sister: Empress Xiaoyiren (d. 1689)

Kangxi eraEdit

The future Imperial Noble Consort Quehui was born in 1668. It is not known when lady Tunggiya entered the Forbidden City; historical records state that she was present in 1697 as a consort.[1] By that year, Empress Xiaoyiren, Noble Consort Wenxi and Imperial Noble Consort Jingmin had died, leaving imperial harem without de iure head. Kangxi Emperor didn't instate a new empress, instead granted lady Tunggiya the title "Noble Consort" (贵妃) in January 1701. As she was an only noble consort, she didn't receive any honorifical name.[2] In 1706, she received 150 lard fishes, while Empress Dowager Renxian received 50 sesame oil fishes. From 1711, Lady Tunggiya and Consort He were tasked with raising Hongli, a son of Prince Yong of the First Rank, Yinzhen.

Yongzheng eraEdit

After the coronation of the Yongzheng Emperor in 1722, lady Tong was promoted to "Imperial Noble Consort" (皇贵妃), but the promotion ceremony was delayed until July 1724 due to national mourning.[3]

Qianlong eraEdit

In 1736, she was given a title "Dowager Imperial Noble Consort Shouqi" (寿祺皇贵妃; "shouqi" meaning "long-living and auspicious"). Imperial Noble Consort Shouqi resided in Palace of Tranquil Longevity together with four grand dowager consorts. While choosing suitable titles to be given to dowager consorts, the emperor said:

There are four dowager consorts: that is Dowager Consort Tong, another is Dowager Consort He.

Original version:

此四位内,那位系佟太妃,那位系和太妃.

These words justified emperor's decision to distinguish her as a person who had taken care after him in his childhood, although the decree was inspired by minister's suggestion.

Imperial Noble Consort Shouqi died on 24 April 1743 in her residence. She was granted posthumous title "Imperial Noble Consort Quehui" (悫惠皇贵妃; "quehui" meaning "honest and kind").[4]

AncestryEdit


TitlesEdit

  • During the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1661–1722):
    • Lady Tong (from September/October 1668)
    • Noble Consort (貴妃; from January/February 1701[6]), third rank consort
  • During the reign of the Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1722–1735):
    • Imperial Noble Consort (皇貴妃; from July/August 1724[7]), second rank consort
  • During the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796):
    • Imperial Noble Consort Shouqi (壽祺皇貴妃; from December 1736[8])
    • Imperial Noble Consort Quehui (愨惠皇貴妃; from June/July 1743[9])

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 《為皇太后皇子公主等預備豬鵝雞等數目清單》/"List of persons attending to Empress Dowager, Imperial Princes and Princesses".
  2. ^ 《清实录·圣祖实录·卷之二百零二》/"Chronicles of Qing.Chronicles of Kangxi(Shengzu) Emperor.", volume 200. p. 2.
  3. ^ 《清實錄·清世宗憲皇帝實錄·卷之二十》/"The chronicles of Yongzheng Emperor", volume 20.
  4. ^ "清高宗實錄"/"Chronicles of the Qianlong Emperor".
  5. ^ 《愛新覺羅宗譜》/"The genealogy of Aisin-Gioro clan".
  6. ^ 康熙三十九年 十二月
  7. ^ 雍正二年 六月
  8. ^ 乾隆元年 十一月
  9. ^ 乾隆八年 五月

ReferencesEdit