Immigration to Russia

Immigration to Russia is an entry process of foreign citizens for permanent residence in the territory of the Russian Federation. The standard immigration procedure consists of the following steps: obtaining a temporary residence permit; obtaining a permanent residence permit and obtaining Russian citizenship[1]. Under current law, the citizenship of Russia can be received after five years of residence and after passing an exam in Russian language. The immigration to Russia is regulated by the Main Directorate for Migration Affairs.[2] The immigration plays an important role in modern Russian demographic processes, since it is the cause of the increase of the population from 2011.[3]

Russia maintains one of the world's most liberal immigration policies; anyone who works in Russia for five years and develops fluency in the Russian language can become a citizen, provided he or she has not committed a crime. Almost anyone who is hired by a Russian firm can stay in the country and work indefinitely [4] This reflects a policy change on the part of the government of Vladimir Putin from the more restrictive policy enacted after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, in response to declining birth rates, .[5] The large non-Slavic immigrant populations arriving in response to Putin's liberal policy have sometimes been met with xenophobia. To counter this, the Russian state has shut down various anti-immigrant group pursuant to Russian hate speech laws, such as the Movement Against Illegal Immigration.

Immigrant population in Russia by country of birthEdit

Citizenship of immigrants:[6]

1   Ukraine 2,651,109
2   Uzbekistan 2,335,960
3   Tajikistan 1,105,500
4   Azerbaijan 610,327
5   Moldova 586,122
6   Kazakhstan 575,400
7   Kyrgyzstan 552,014
8   Armenia 514,663
9   Belarus 498,878
10   China 273,034
11   Germany 244,662
12   Afghanistan 150,000
13   United States of America 142,405
14   Turkey 111,681
15   United Kingdom 111,275
16   Finland 77,665
17   Vietnam 53,649
18   Italy 53,649
19   France 53,382
20   Spain 45,935
21   Lithuania 42,672
22 Without citizenship 35,489
23   Philippines 34,755
24   North Korea 34,217
25   Serbia 33,591
26   Canada 32,107
27   Georgia 30,718
28   Israel 30,126
29   Estonia 28,356
30   Poland 27,979
31   India 15,500

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Immigrate to Russia https://www.immigratetorussia.com/russian-residence-permit-2/
  2. ^ "На просторах России". Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Demographics". Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  4. ^ Malakhov, Vladimir S. (9 August 2014). "Russia as a New Immigration Country: Policy Response and Public Debate" (PDF). Europe-Asia Studies. 66 (7): 1062–1079. doi:10.1080/09668136.2014.934140. ISSN 0966-8136. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  5. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (March 13, 2017). "Russia Wants Immigrants the World Doesn't". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  6. ^ "ФМС России". Retrieved 15 February 2016.