Imabari Castle (今治城, Imabari-jō) is a Japanese castle in Imabari, Ehime, Japan. It was the center of Imabari Domain under the Edo Period Tokugawa shogunate and was ruled by a branch of the HisamatsuーMatsudaira clan through most of its history.

Imabari Castle
今治城
Imabari, Ehime Prefecture, Japan
Imabari Castle tenshu and Yamazato Yagura
Imabari Castle is located in Ehime Prefecture
Imabari Castle
Imabari Castle
Imabari Castle is located in Japan
Imabari Castle
Imabari Castle
Coordinates34°3′48.01″N 133°0′24.5″E / 34.0633361°N 133.006806°E / 34.0633361; 133.006806
TypeJapanese castle
Site information
Conditionreconstructed
Site history
Built1602-1606
Built byTōdō Takatora
In use1604-1873
Demolished1873
Imabari Castle is in the center right.

This castle is well known as one of the three Mizujiro, or "Castles on the sea", in Japan, along with Takamatsu Castle in Kagawa Prefecture and Nakatsu Castle in Ōita Prefecture.[1]

History

edit

Imabari Castle is located in the center of the city of Imabari and faces the Seto Inland Sea, which forms part of its defenses. The area of Imabari is in the center of ancient Iyo Province and strategic as the connection point between Shikoku and Honshu through the narrow channels of the Geiyo Islands. During the Heian period, the area was a stronghold of Sumitomo no Fujiwara, who rebelled against the authority of the Emperor in Kyoto, and afterwards was dominated by the Murakami clan, a maritime clan who engaged in shipping or as pilots for vessels through the complex channels and rocky straits, but who also occasionally acted as pirates or as the mercenary naval force for a powerful warlord. In the Sengoku period, the owed fealty to the Mōri clan, contributing greatly to them Battle of Miyajima, but their military activities were suppressed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu installed his general Tōdō Takatora as daimyō of the 200,000 koku Imabari Domain. Tōdō was expected to control the narrows in the Seto Inland Sea and to offset Fukushima Masanori, whom Toyotomi Hideyoshi had installed in Hiroshima Castle on the opposite side of the Seto Inland Sea. Tōdō first resided at Kokufu Castle located on the top of Mount Karako, several kilometer from Imabari, but due to its inconvenient location and restricted geography, he decided to build a new castle and castle town on the coast. Tōdō was also known as an excellent castle designer, and constructed both Uwajima Castle and Ōzu Castle. The new Imabari Castle was completed in 1608, six years after construction began.

The castle consisted of three concentric enclosures, each surrounded by a water moat that was connected to the sea. The second enclosure also had a small anchorage area surrounded by walls so that the castle could be accessed directly by sea. The inner bailey had a five-story tenshu, but this structure was later dismantled and relocated to Tanba Kameyama Castle, which had also been built by Tōdō Takatora.

In 1609, just after the completion of Imabari Castle, Tōdō Takatora was transferred to Tsu Domain. He was replaced at Imabari in 1635 by a cadet branch of the Hisamatsu-Matsudaira clan headed by Matsudaira Sadafusa who was a nephew of Tokugawa Ieyasu, and his descendants ruled Imabari for the rest of the Edo period.

After the Meiji restoration, most of the buildings associated with the castle were destroyed, and the land was sold to local Shinto shrine. Only one yagura at the north corner of the Ninomaru enclosure was left, as it was used as an armory by the local army garrison, but when a fire broke out in 1871, the gunpowder inside ignited and exploded and the building was destroyed. In 1980, the Imabari City government constructed a new tenshu out of reinforced concrete. Two yagura were also reconstructed based on old photographs, one in 1985 and ten other in 1990. In 2006, the castle was selected as one of Japan's Top 100 Castles by the Japan Castle Foundation in 2006.[2] In 2007, a large gate, along with five smaller yagura were reconstructed, and a statue of Tōdō Takatora was installed in the second enclosure.

The castle is located a 20-minute walk from the JR Shikoku Imabari Station.

Features

edit

Imabari Castle features a vast seawater moat, a high stone wall and a rare style of main gate. The moat averages 60 meters in length and is intended to neutralize arrows. Almost all parts of the high stone wall have remain unchanged since the Edo Period. The main gate, Kurogane Main Gate (鉄御門, Kurogane-gomon), is iron-plated and flanked by turrets.

State of reconstruction

edit

Imabari Castle has remained intact only regarding the walls and moat. The remaining buildings are reconstructions. The tenshu in particular, or keep, is a modern concrete construction, only imitating the outer appearance of the original. The interior is modern and not representative of the original design. It houses several exhibitions regarding weapons, armor, writings and castle photography. Its top floor serves as viewing point over the city. The tenshu also houses the city's natural science museum.

The Kurogane-gomon and Bugu-yagura turrets have been reconstructed also with interior and a small exhibition including a model and various videos explains their function and the castle's history. Further buildings include the Yamazato-yagura and Okane-yagura turrets, which are home to the antiquity museum and local art museum.

References

edit
  1. ^ "ぐるなび出張・観光お助けナビ -中津城-". Gourmet Navigator Incorporated. 2004.
  2. ^ Japan Castle Foundation
edit

  Media related to Imabari Castle at Wikimedia Commons

Literature

edit