Ilomantsi (Swedish: Ilomants) is municipality and a village of Finland. It is located in the North Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 4,744 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 3,172.69 square kilometres (1,224.98 sq mi) of which 409.01 km2 (157.92 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1.72 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.5/sq mi). The most eastern point of Finland and of the continental part of the European Union is located in Ilomantsi near the village of Hattuvaara. (In the EU, only Cyprus is located further to the east.)

Ilomantsin kunta
Ilomants kommun
Church of Saint Prophet Elijah
Church of Saint Prophet Elijah
Coat of arms of Ilomantsi
Location of Ilomantsi in Finland
Location of Ilomantsi in Finland
Coordinates: 62°40′N 030°56′E / 62.667°N 30.933°E / 62.667; 30.933Coordinates: 62°40′N 030°56′E / 62.667°N 30.933°E / 62.667; 30.933
Country Finland
RegionNorth Karelia
Sub-regionJoensuu sub-region
 • Municipal managerMarkku Lappalainen 
 • Total3,172.69 km2 (1,224.98 sq mi)
 • Land2,763.68 km2 (1,067.06 sq mi)
 • Water409.01 km2 (157.92 sq mi)
Area rank19th largest in Finland
 • Total4,744
 • Rank177th largest in Finland
 • Density1.72/km2 (4.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.2% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others1.7%
Population by age
 • 0 to 148.9%
 • 15 to 6450.1%
 • 65 or older41%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21%

The nearest town is Joensuu, 72 kilometres (45 mi) away; the distance to Helsinki is 511 km (318 mi). Neighbouring municipalities are Lieksa and Joensuu. In the east, Ilomantsi shares 100 km (60 mi) long border with the Russian Republic of Karelia. The municipality is sparsely populated and is mostly characterized by forests and boglands. About 250 km2 (97 sq mi) of the area is designated as natural reserves, among them the national parks Petkeljärvi and Patvinsuo. The most important bodies of water in Ilomantsi are the lakes Koitere and Nuorajärvi and the river Koitajoki.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Local words of Karelian or Russian extraction might be used in Ilomantsi. For example, the central village of the municipality is not called kirkonkylä as is usual in Finland, but pogosta (a Russian loan-word, originally pogost).[citation needed] Even the local newspaper is called Pogostan Sanomat, i.e. "The Pogosta News".

Ilomantsi has 17.4% Orthodox minority, which is the largest percentage among Finnish municipalities. The wooden Orthodox church of Ilomantsi is the largest in Finland and is dedicated to the prophet Elijah. There are also five Orthodox chapels (tsasouna) in the municipality. The Orthodox community of Ilomantsi is more than 500 years old and counts 1,100 members.

Notable residentsEdit


The following table shows the decrease in population of the municipality every five years since 1980. The regional allocation used is 1 January 2017.

1980 - 2015
Year Population
1980 8 753
1985 8 469
1990 8 054
1995 7 832
2000 7 129
2005 6 422
2010 5 883
2015 5 336


Ilomantsi offers a small amount yet historical sights. There are great scenery for nature lovers, sights and events for a cultural jeweler, taste culinary delights.

Few places to visit :


  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ilomantsi at Wikimedia Commons