Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Illumination Entertainment

Illumination Entertainment, or simply Illumination, is an American animation film production company, founded by Chris Meledandri in 2007. It is owned by Meledandri and Universal Studios,[3][4][5] a division of NBCUniversal, with Universal fully financing, owning, and distributing all the films.[4] The studio is best known for its Despicable Me franchise, and has also produced the films The Secret Life of Pets and Sing. The Minions, characters from the Despicable Me films, are the studio's official mascots.

Illumination Entertainment
Subsidiary
Industry Film
Computer Animation
Founded 2007; 10 years ago (2007)
Founder Chris Meledandri
Headquarters Santa Monica, California, United States
Key people
Janet Healy
Eddie Egan[1]
Natalie Fischer (COO)[2]
Products Animated films
Owner Chris Meledandri[3][4]
Comcast
Number of employees
35 (2012)[2]
300 (Illumination Mac Guff) (2012)[2]
Parent Universal Studios
(NBCUniversal)
Subsidiaries Illumination Mac Guff
Website Official website

Illumination's highest-grossing films are Minions (2015), which has grossed $1.159 billion worldwide, Despicable Me 3 (2017), $1.032 billion, and Despicable Me 2 (2013), $970.8 million. All three are among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, and six of the films are among the 50 highest-grossing animated films, with Minions being the second all-time highest.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Meledandri left his post as President of 20th Century Fox Animation and Blue Sky Studios in early 2007 where he supervised or executive produced movies including Ice Age (2002), its sequel Ice Age: The Meltdown (2006), Robots (2005), and Horton Hears a Who! (2008). After leaving, he founded Illumination Entertainment. By 2008, a deal was announced positioning Illumination as NBCUniversal’s family entertainment arm that would produce one to two films a year starting in 2010. As an independent production company, Illumination retains creative control and Universal exclusively distributes the films.[6] During the summer 2011, Illumination acquired the animation department of the French animation and visual effects studio Mac Guff, which animated Despicable Me (2010) and The Lorax (2012), and formed Illumination Mac Guff.[7][8][9]

In 2016, NBCUniversal acquired competing studio DreamWorks Animation and appointed Meledandri to oversee both studios.[10][11][12]

ProcessEdit

Meledandri is determined to keep his company adhering to a low-cost model, recognizing that "strict cost controls and hit animated films are not mutually exclusive".[13] In an industry where movie expenses often exceed $100 million, Illumination's first two releases were completed with significantly lower budgets, considering Despicable Me's $69 million budget and the $63 million budget of Hop.[13] One way the company sustains a lean financial model is by employing cost-conscious animation techniques that lower the expenses and render times of its computer graphics.[13]

ProjectsEdit

The studio's first film, 3D CGI feature, Despicable Me, starring Steve Carell, was released on July 9, 2010, and was a smash hit, earning $56 million on its opening weekend, and going on to earn $251 million domestically and $543 million worldwide. Illumination's second film was the live action/CGI hybrid Hop (2011), starring Russell Brand and James Marsden. The film opened to a much bigger than expected $37 million opening, and ended up with $108 million domestically and $183 million worldwide. In 2012, an adaptation of Dr. Seuss' The Lorax, debuted on March 2 earning $70 million on its opening weekend, and eventually found its way to $214 million stateside and $348 million worldwide. The studio's first sequel, Despicable Me 2, opened in the United States on July 3, 2013, earning worldwide over $970 million,[14] becoming the second highest-grossing 2013 animated film and breaking a record as the most profitable Universal Studios film in its 100-year history.[15] The spin-off to Despicable Me, titled Minions, was released on July 10, 2015.[16] It has grossed over $1 billion worldwide. It was then followed by two original animated stories.[3]

The Secret Life of Pets was released on July 8, 2016.[17] Directed by Chris Renaud and Yarrow Cheney, it features Louis C.K. as a Jack Russell Terrier named Max,[18] Eric Stonestreet as a mongrel named Duke, and Kevin Hart as a rabbit named Snowball.[19] Hannibal Buress, Bobby Moynihan, Lake Bell, Ellie Kemper, Jenny Slate, and Albert Brooks provide additional voices in the film.[20] It would earn $104 million in its opening weekend and $368 million stateside, and $875 million worldwide. The second film, Sing, a comedy written and directed by Garth Jennings, was released on December 21, 2016.[21] It was the first movie for the studio to be released for the Christmas release, and earn $56 million in its first 5 days, earn $270 million stateside, and get $634 million worldwide. It also holds the record for the highest grossing film not to ever be at #1 in its run.Despicable Me 3 was released on June 30, 2017, and became the 2nd film to earn $1 billion for the studio, and set a record for the highest theater count ever with 4,536 theaters in its 2nd week. The first film based on a Dr. Seuss book, How the Grinch Stole Christmas is scheduled for release on November 9, 2018, directed by Peter Candeland and Yarrow Cheney from an adaptation by Michael LeSieur.[21] Other future projects are The Secret Life of Pets 2 on June 7, 2019, Minions 2 is scheduled to be released on July 3, 2020, and Sing 2 is scheduled to be released on December 25, 2020.[22] It will be followed by four more untitled films; the release dates are: July 2, 2021; July 1, 2022; December 21, 2022; and June 30, 2023.[23]

Other films in development include the animated feature adaptation of books like Ricky Gervais' Flanimals, Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat and Lockwood & Co.: The Screaming Staircase, the film adaptation based on the Johnny Express short, and Despicable Me 4.

In May 2011, Illumination announced that it would be working with Universal Studios to create Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem, a 3-D ride at Universal Studios in Orlando, Hollywood, and Osaka.[24] The ride officially opened on July 2, 2012 in Orlando, Hollywood on April 12, 2014, and Osaka on April 21, 2017.

In November 2017, the Wall Street Journal claimed that Illumination is teaming up with Nintendo to make an animated Mario remake film.[25][26][27]

FilmographyEdit

Feature filmsEdit

ReleasedEdit

# Title Release date Budget[28] Gross[28] RT MC[29]
1 Despicable Me July 9, 2010 $69 million $543.1 million 81% 72
2 Hop April 1, 2011 $63 million $184.0 million 25% 41
3 Dr. Seuss' The Lorax March 2, 2012 $70 million $348.8 million 54% 46
4 Despicable Me 2 July 3, 2013 $76 million $970.8 million 74% 62
5 Minions July 10, 2015 $74 million $1.159 billion 56% 56
6 The Secret Life of Pets July 8, 2016 $75 million $875.5 million 74% 61
7 Sing December 21, 2016 $632.2 million 73% 59
8 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017 $80 million $1.032 billion 60% 49

UpcomingEdit

Title Release date Ref(s)
Dr. Seuss' The Grinch November 9, 2018 [30][31][32]
The Secret Life of Pets 2 June 7, 2019 [33]
Minions 2 July 3, 2020 [34][33]
Sing 2 December 25, 2020 [34][33]
Untitled films July 2, 2021 [23]
July 1, 2022 [23]
December 21, 2022 [23]
June 30, 2023 [23]

In developmentEdit

Title Ref(s)
Flanimals [3][35]
Dr. Seuss' The Cat in the Hat [36]
Lockwood & Co.: The Screaming Staircase [37]
Johnny Express [38][39]
Despicable Me 4 [40]
Untitled Mario film [41]

Short filmsEdit

Title Release date
Home Makeover, Orientation Day, and Banana December 14, 2010
Brad & Gary[42][43][44] 2011
Phil's Dance Party [45] March 23, 2012
Despicable Me: Minion Mayhem July 2, 2012
Serenade, Wagon-Ho, and Forces of Nature [46] August 7, 2012
Puppy, Panic in the Mailroom, and Training Wheels [47] December 10, 2013
Cro Minion, Competition, and Binky Nelson Unpacified [48] December 8, 2015
Mower Minions [49] July 8, 2016
Norman Television and Weenie [50] December 6, 2016
Gunter Babysits, Love at First Sight, and Eddie's Life Coach [51] March 21, 2017
The Secret Life of Kyle [52] December 5, 2017

AccoladesEdit

Academy AwardsEdit

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
2014 Despicable Me 2 Best Animated Feature Chris Renaud, Pierre Coffin & Chris Meledandri Nominated
Best Original Song "Happy" – Pharrell Williams

Golden Globe AwardsEdit

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
2011 Despicable Me Best Animated Feature Film Chris Renaud and Pierre Coffin Nominated
2014 Despicable Me 2 Best Animated Feature Film
2017 Sing Best Animated Feature Film Garth Jennings
Best Original Song "Faith" – Ryan Tedder, Stevie Wonder and Francis Farewell Starlite

BAFTA AwardsEdit

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
2011 Despicable Me Best Animated Film Chris Renaud and Pierre Coffin Nominated
2014 Despicable Me 2 Best Animated Film
2016 Minions Best Animated Film Pierre Coffin and Kyle Balda

Critics Choice AwardsEdit

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
2011 Despicable Me Best Animated Film Chris Renaud and Pierre Coffin Nominated
2014 Despicable Me 2 Best Animated Film
Best Original Song "Happy" – Pharrell Williams
2018[53] Despicable Me 3 Best Animated Film Pierre Coffin and Kyle Balda Pending

Annie AwardsEdit

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
2011 Despicable Me Best Animated Feature Chris Meledandri. Janet Healy and John Cohen Nominated
Voice Acting in a Feature Production Steve Carell
Character Design In an Animated Film Carter Goodrich
Directing in a Feature Production Chris Renaud and Pierre Coffin
Music in a Feature Production Pharrell Williams and Heitor Pereira
Production Design in a Feature Production Yarrow Cheny and Eric Guillon
2012 Hop Character Animation in a Live Action Production Andrew Arnett
2013 The Lorax Character Design in an Animated Feature Production Eric Guillion, Yarrow Cheney and Colin Stimpson
Music in an Animated Feature Production John Powell, Ken Daurio and Cinco Paul
2014 Despicable Me 2 Best Animated Feature Chris Meledandri and Janet Healy
Best Animated TV/Broadcast Commercial "Despicable Me 2" Won
Voice Acting in a Feature Production Steve Carell Nominated
Kristen Wiig
Pierre Coffin
Character Animation in an Animated Feature Production Jonathan Del Val
Character Design In an Animated Film Eric Guillion
Directing in a Feature Production Chris Renaud and Pierre Coffin
Music in a Feature Production Pharrell Williams and Heitor Pereira
Production Design in a Feature Production Yarrow Cheny and Eric Guillon
Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production Eric Favela
2016 Minions Outstanding Achievement in Animated Effects in an Animated Production Frank Baradat, Antonin Seydoux, Milo Riccarand and Nicolas Brack
Voice Acting in a Feature Production Jon Hamm
Pierre Coffin
Outstanding Achievement in Production Design in an Animated Feature Production Eric Gullion
Character Design In an Animated Film
Outstanding Achievement in Character Animation in a Feature Production Hichem Arfaoui
Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production Habib Louati
2017 The Secret Life of Pets Character Design in an Animated Feature Production Eric Gullion
Music in an Animated Feature Production Alexandre Desplat
Sing Joby Talbot
2018 Despicable Me 3 Best Animated Feature Chris Meledandri and Janet Healy Pending
Animated Effects in an Animated Production Bruno Chauffard, Frank Baradat, Nicolas Brack and Milo Riccarand
Character Design in an Animated Feature Production Eric Guillon

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fleming, Mike (May 15, 2011). "Universal Marketing Head Eddie Egan Moving To Top Illumination Post". Deadline.com. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Fleming, Mike (August 7, 2012). "Chris Meledandri's Illumination Names Natalie Fischer COO". Deadline. Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Debruge, Peter (July 17, 2013). "Illumination Chief Chris Meledandri Lines Up Originals for Universal". Variety. Retrieved September 13, 2013. After the Minion movie, the next two movies will return to telling completely original stories. 
  4. ^ a b c Kilday, Gregg (December 9, 2016). "Illumination's Chris Meledandri Talks Success Secrets, Rumors He'll Head DreamWorks". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Why Illumination Entertainment Is One Of The Most Innovative Companies Of 2017". Fast Company. February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  6. ^ Fleming, Michael (March 6, 2008). "Meledandri, Universal team on deals". Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  7. ^ Fleming, Mike (November 14, 2011). "Universal Pictures Buys Paris Animation Unit For Chris Meledandri's Illumination". Deadline. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  8. ^ "ILLUMINATION MAC GUFF (PARIS 15) Chiffre d'affaires, résultat, bilans sur SOCIETE.COM - 533478434". www.societe.com. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  9. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (December 12, 2011). "Universal benefit in Mac Guff accord". Variety. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Comcast's NBCUniversal buys DreamWorks Animation in $3.8-billion deal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  11. ^ "NBCUniversal Unveils New DreamWorks Annimation Senior Management". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 3, 2016. 
  12. ^ McNary, Dave (August 22, 2016). "Comcast Completes $3.8 Billion Purchase of DreamWorks Animation". Variety. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Barnes, Brooks (April 3, 2011). "For Illumination Entertainment, Animation Meets Economic Reality". The New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Despicable Me 2 (2013)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ Szalai, Georg (July 31, 2013). "NBCUniversal CEO: 'Despicable Me 2' Will Be Most Profitable Film in Universal's History". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  16. ^ Fleming, Mike (February 11, 2013). "Sandra Bullock To Voice Super-Villain In 'Minions' Spinoff For Illumination/Universal". Deadline. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  17. ^ Shaw, Lucas (February 12, 2013). "Universal Dates Mystery Illumination Movie for 2015". The Wrap. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  18. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 24, 2014). "Louis C.K., Kevin Hart, Eric Stonestreet to Voice Pets in Animated Movie From 'Despicable Me' Team". The Wrap. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  19. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (January 24, 2014). "Chris Meledandri's Illumination Sets Louis C.K., Eric Stonestreet And Kevin Hart For 3D Animated 'Pets' Pic At Universal". Deadline. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  20. ^ Sneider, Jeff. "Albert Brooks in Negotiations for Illuminations 'Pets' Project; 4 More Join Voice Cast (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "'Despicable Me 3′ Set For June 2017 Release; 'Dr. Seuss' How The Grinch Stole Christmas' Arrives Five Months Later". Deadline. January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  22. ^ https://variety.com/2015/film/news/illumination-movie-release-dates-universal-1201617998/
  23. ^ a b c d e Yee, Lawrence (February 2, 2017). "Illumination, Universal Add Four More Animated Films to Slate". Variety. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  24. ^ Vary, Adam B. (May 19, 2011). "Universal Parks announces new 'Despicable Me' ride, and a major face-lift for 'Spider-Man'". EW.com. Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  25. ^ Pallotta, Frank (November 14, 2017). "'Super Mario Bros.' animated movie in the works at Illumination Entertainment". CNNMoney. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  26. ^ "'Super Mario Bros.' Movie in the Works at Illumination Entertainment". Collider. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  27. ^ "Super Mario Movie in the Works From Despicable Me Studio". Slashfilm. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  28. ^ a b "Illumination Entertainment Moviesat the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  29. ^ "Illumination Entertainment's Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Universal Dates 'Despicable Me 3,' New 'Grinch Who Stole Christmas'". The Hollywood Reporter. November 17, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  31. ^ Kroll, Justin (October 8, 2013). "Universal, Illumination to reboot 'The Grinch'". Variety. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  32. ^ Robinson, Will (June 7, 2016). "Benedict Cumberbatch's How The Grinch Stole Christmas delayed". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 7, 2016. 
  33. ^ a b c Kroll, Justin (January 25, 2017). "'Sing 2' Set for Christmas Day 2020 Release". Variety. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  34. ^ a b McNary, Dave (October 14, 2015). "Three Untitled Illumination Movies Get Dates Through 2020". Variety. Retrieved October 15, 2015.  2018|publisher=ComingSoon.net|accessdate=November 26, 2016|date=August 2, 2016}}
  35. ^ Fleming, Michael (April 28, 2009). "Gervais' 'Flanimals' heads to bigscreen". Variety. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  36. ^ Fleming, Mike (March 15, 2012). "Dr. Seuss' 'The Cat In The Hat' Get Another Life At Chris Meledandri's Illumination". Deadline. Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  37. ^ Kroll, Justin (October 24, 2012). "Illumination, U acquire 'Lockwood' series". Variety. Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  38. ^ Byung-yeul, Baek (May 19, 2015). "'Despicable Me' founder shares secret of success". The Korea Times. Retrieved May 24, 2015. 
  39. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (July 9, 2015). "'Minions' Maker Illumination Forges Pact With South Korean Animator Kyungmin Woo, Options His Short 'Johnny Express' For Feature". Deadline. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  40. ^ Sakoui, Anousha; Palmeri, Christopher (September 12, 2017). "In Dismal Summer, 'Despicable Me 3' Producer Delivers $1 Billion". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 28, 2017. 
  41. ^ Pallotta, Frank (November 14, 2017). "'Super Mario Bros.' animated movie in the works at Illumination Entertainment". CNNMoney. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  42. ^ "Brad & Gary". Seattle International Film Festival. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Brad & Gary". IMDb. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  44. ^ King, Susan (February 2, 2013). "40th Annie Award nominees and winners list". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  45. ^ Katz, Josh (January 9, 2012). "Hop Blu-ray". Blu-ray. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  46. ^ Universal Studios Home Entertainment (June 5, 2012). "From Universal Studios Home Entertainment: Dr. Seuss' The Lorax" (Press release). PR Newswire. Retrieved June 5, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Despicable Me 2 Blu-ray". MovieMail.com. Retrieved September 11, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Minions Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. October 6, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Minions short film". SlashFilm.com. April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016. 
  50. ^ Universal Pictures Home Entertainment (October 4, 2016). "From Illumination Entertainment and Universal Pictures: The Secret Life of Pets" (Press release). PR Newswire. Retrieved October 5, 2016. 
  51. ^ Wolfe, Jennifer (February 14, 2017). "Illumination Entertainment's 'Sing' Headed to Retail". Animation World Network. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  52. ^ Wolfe, Jennifer (September 20, 2017). "Despicable Me 3 Home Entertainment Release Details". Filmoria. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  53. ^ "Critics' Choice Awards 2018: Complete List of Movie and TV Nominations". E Newes. December 6, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 

External linksEdit