Seongnam FC

(Redirected from Ilhwa Chunma)

Seongnam FC (Korean성남 FC) is a South Korean professional football club based in Seongnam that competes in the K League 2, the second tier of South Korean football. Founded in 1989 as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club, the club has won seven national league titles, three FA Cups, three League Cups, and two AFC Champions League titles. Seongnam also placed fifth in the IFFHS Asian Clubs of the 20th century.[2]

Seongnam FC
Full nameSeongnam Football Club
Nickname(s)The Magpies
Short nameSFC
Founded18 March 1989; 35 years ago (18 March 1989)
(as Ilhwa Chunma)[1]
GroundTancheon Stadium
OwnerSeongnam City Council
ChairmanShin Sang-jin (Mayor of Seongnam)
ManagerChoi Chul-woo (caretaker)
LeagueK League 2
2023K League 2, 9th of 13
WebsiteClub website
Seongnam FC
Revised RomanizationSeongnam Simin Peuro Chukgudan
McCune–ReischauerSŏngnam Simin P'ŭro Ch'ukkudan

In 2014, the club was bought by the Seongnam City Government and was renamed as Seongnam FC.[3]



Ilhwa Chunma era 1989–2013




In 1975, Sun Myung Moon, the owner of Tongil Group, wanted to found a professional football club in South Korea. Since the Korean Super League was founded in 1983, he tried to find a club to participate in the league but Choi Soon-young, the head of Korea Football Association, ignored Moon's interest due to a religious reasons.[4]

Nevertheless, Tongil Group prepared the foundation of a new football club since 1986 and finally obtained a license from Korea Football Association as a club based in Seoul. Tongil Group firstly considered to find the club in Honam provinces but there was objection from the local community.[5]

Ilhwa Chunma FC's crest, used between 1989 and 2000

Officially, the club was founded on 18 March 1989 as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club[1] (Chunma is known in Korean culture as the winged horse that the Jade Emperor riding in heaven) and the club based in Seoul became the sixth member of the Korean Super League.[6] The foundation ceremony was held in Sheraton Walkerhill Hotel in Seoul.[5] Korea Football Association helped the club to form a team quickly by giving the permission to have six priority picks out of players from Honam regions in the 1989 K League draft. The club has chosen six players, including Ko Jeong-woon and signed Park Jong-hwan as the head coach. The contract with Park was a lucrative deal back then; a signing bonus of 100 million KRW was paid along with 48 million KRW as annual salary.[5]

Early successes


The club was successful from its beginning, winning its first League Cup three years after its foundation in 1992 and winning three consecutive league titles from 1993 to 1995. In 1995, K League clubs wanted to stop the club's third consecutive title and agreed to change the league format back to two stages and the championship playoffs system; however, Ilhwa Chunma still won the title.[7] Seongnam also won the 1995 Asian Club Championship, defeating Al-Nasr 1–0 after extra time in the final.[8]

Cheonan Bound


The club was forced to move out from Seoul in 1996, as a part of the decentralization policy of the league, Ilhwa Chunma moved to the city of Cheonan due to the city council proposition of refurbishing the Cheonan Oryong Stadium into the football-specific stadium and building another sports complex in Baekseok-dong. The club also changed its name to Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma as a part of the policy.[9]

By the end of 1997, Ilhwa was still a successful team. The club reached the final of the 1996–97 Asian Club Championship and the 1997 Korean FA Cup.[10] However, from 1998, Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma went into a slump due to the core players moved out for various reasons,[11] including Valeri Sarychev, Chunma's goalkeeper, due to K League's year-by-year gradual restriction on foreign goalkeepers' appearances.[12]

As a result, they had recorded the bottom of the league for two consecutive seasons, in 1998 and 1999.[10] In mid-1999, Cha Kyung-bok considered to resign voluntarily due to the poor results.[13]

Not only the results on the field, but also the facilities of Cheonan Oryong Stadium were below the standard. On 22 August 1998, Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma had to finish the game against Jeonnam Dragons during the penalty shoot-out, after 1–1 draw in extra time.[14] According to K League regulations back then, teams were required to decide the winner with the golden goal or the penalty shoot-out after the extra time, if the match score is level at the end of normal time.[15] Since the field was not equipped with a floodlight system, they had to finish their games before sunset. Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma won the game by a draw.[16]

On 21 November 1999, Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma was crowned as the winners of the 1999 Korean FA Cup by winning the final 3–0 against Jeonbuk Hyundai Dinos at Jeju Stadium.[17]

Resettled in Seongnam


In 2000, the club moved to the Seoul satellite city of Seongnam and renamed themselves to Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma. The move worked out very well, as the rejuvenated club went on to win three consecutive K League titles from 2001 to 2003, as well as a league cup title in 2002 and an A3 Champions Cup in 2004.

The inaugural crest of Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma in 2000. The name of Seongnam followed McCune–Reischauer romanization.

A disappointing 2004 campaign saw them meekly relinquish their title. However, they reached the final of the 2004 AFC Champions League, where despite winning the away leg 3–1, they lost the home leg 5–0 to Saudi Arabian club Al-Ittihad and lost the tie 6–3 on aggregate. The defeat led to the resignation of their manager, Cha Kyung-bok.

With Kim Hak-bum's management, the club bounced back to the forefront of South Korean football in style as they claimed their seventh league title in 2006, defeating Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3–1 on aggregate in the championship playoff final. This was their seventh K League title which is a record out of all the K League clubs.

Before they were defeated by Suwon Bluewings 2–1 on 15 July 2007 in the 2007 season, they went undefeated for 22 consecutive league matches – the third longest streak in the history of the K League.

Seongnam reached the final of the 2007 K League Championship but were beaten 4–1 on aggregate by the Pohang Steelers, despite finishing in first place during the regular season.

Seongnam's former player Shin Tae-yong returned as caretaker manager in the 2009 season, then as manager from the following season and continued the club's success. On 13 November 2010, Seongnam beat Iranian club Zob Ahan FC 3–1 in the final of the 2010 AFC Champions League. This was their second AFC Champions League title and qualified them directly into the quarter-finals stage of the 2010 FIFA Club World Cup. Seongnam finished the tournament in fourth place. Seongnam added another FA Cup trophy in 2011, beating Suwon Bluewings 1–0 in the final on 15 October 2011.

During the 2013 season, there were rumors that the club was going to be sold to Ansan city government after the death of Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Unification Church. Moon was extremely devoted to football so the Unification Church had been running the club, but after his death, the Unification Church's board of directors saw no reason to continue running the club and stated their thoughts on selling the club to another organization. After the rumor was reported by the press, Ansan's mayor officially mentioned that the city is in a process of purchasing the club from Ilhwa. Estimated number of 800 supporters protested in front of the Seongnam city hall stating the city could not lose one of the most successful clubs in the Asian football's history. Seongnam city started negotiation to purchase the club from Ilhwa. In October 2013, Lee Jae-myung, the mayor of Seongnam, had a conference and announced that Seongnam City Council agreed to take over the club from Ilhwa Sports and will be participating under the name Seongnam FC.[18]

Seongnam FC era (2014–present)


In December 2013, Seongnam City officially took over the club from Ilhwa Co., Ltd. They changed their symbol to magpie, the symbol of the Seongnam city, from chunma, which was the symbol of the Unification Church. The yellow color of their uniform was also replaced with black. Their first manager Park Jong-hwan, who had managed the club from 1988 to 1996, returned to the club as manager once again.

The club played the first home game as Seongnam FC on 15 March 2014 against FC Seoul, resulting in a 0–0 draw. Their first victory came on 26 March, when they beat their bitter rivals Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2–0. The following month, manager Park Jong-hwan resigned after it was revealed that he had been assaulting players.[19] After months of confusion, the club appointed Kim Hak-bum, who previously led their golden age, as their manager. The return turned out to be successful, as Seongnam not only escaped relegation but also won their third FA Cup trophy, beating FC Seoul in a penalty shoot-out.

In the 2016 season, after Incheon's win over Suwon FC on the final day of the season, Seongnam finished 11th and were relegated to the second division for the first time in their history after being defeated by Gangwon FC on away goals rule in the promotion-relegation playoffs.[20]

Nam Ki-il was announced as the club's new manager on 6 December 2017, replacing Park Kyung-hoon.[21] He contributed a lot to the promotion of Seongnam FC to the first division just one season after it was demoted to the second division. [22] Nam resigned his position as the manager of the club on December 16, 2019[23]

Kim Nam-il was appointed as the club's new manager on 23 December 2019 to lead the club in the 2020 K League 1 season.[24]

Current squad

As of 13 May 2024[25]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   KOR Yu Sang-hun
2 DF   KOR Park Kwang-il
3 DF   KOR Kang Ui-bin
4 MF   KOR Han Seok-jong
6 MF   KOR Jung Won-jin
7 MF   KOR Oh Jae-hyeok
8 MF   UZB Ikromjon Alibaev
9 FW   COL Leonardo Acevedo
10 FW   BRA Gabriel Honório
11 FW   KOR Kim Jeong-hwan
13 FW   KOR Jeon Seong-soo
14 DF   KOR Kim Hun-min
15 DF   KOR Yang Si-hoo
16 MF   KOR Ryu Jun-seon
17 FW   KOR Shin Jae-won
18 FW   KOR Lee Jeong-hyeop
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 MF   KOR Yang Tae-yang
20 DF   KOR Jo Seong-wook
21 GK   KOR Choi Pil-soo
22 DF   KOR Jung Seung-yong
23 DF   KOR Jang Yeong-gi
26 FW   KOR Park Hyun-bin
27 FW   KOR Lee Jun-sang
28 DF   KOR Yoon Yeong-seon
29 DF   KOR Jang Hyo-joon
31 GK   KOR Heo Ja-woong
47 FW   KOR Park Ji-won
66 DF   KOR Kim Joo-won
77 FW   KOR Jung Jae-won
88 MF   KOR Kook Kwan-woo
99 FW   COD Christy Manzinga


List of Seongnam FC managers
No. Name From To Season(s) Notes
  Park Jong-hwan 1988/09/16 1996/04/02 1989–1995
  Won Heung-jae 1990/04/27 1990/06/27 1990 Unofficial caretaker
  Lee Jang-soo 1996/04/03 1996/08/17 1996
1996/08/18 1996/12/05 1996
  René Desaeyere 1996/12/18 1998/09/08 1997–1998
  Cha Kyung-bok 1998/09/09 2004/12/01 1998–2004
  Kim Hak-bum 2004/12/07 2004/12/29 2004 In charge in the FA Cup
2004/12/30 2008/11/27 2005–2008
  Shin Tae-yong 2008/12/06 2010/02/17 2009
2010/02/18 2012/12/08 2010–2012
  An Ik-soo 2012/12/14 2013/12/22 2013
  Park Jong-hwan 2013/12/23 2014/04/22 2014
  Lee Sang-yoon 2014/04/22 2014/08/26 2014
  Lee Young-jin 2014/08/26 2014/09/05 2014
  Kim Hak-bum 2014/09/05 2016/09/12 2014–2016
  Gu Sang-bum 2016/09/12 2016/11/20 2016
  Byun Sung-hwan 2016/11/06 2016/11/20 2016 Unofficial caretaker
  Park Kyung-hoon 2016/12/01 2017/11/27 2017
  Nam Ki-il 2017/12/06 2019/12/16 2018–2019
  Kim Nam-il 2019/12/26 2022/08/24 2020–2022
  Chung Kyung-ho 2022/08/24 2022/10/15 2022
  Lee Ki-hyung 2022/12/09 2024/03/20 2023–2024
  Choi Chul-woo 2024/03/22 2024–


Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma won the AFC Champions League in 2010






  1. ^ Reserve team







Season-by-season records

Season Division Tms. Pos. FA Cup AFC CL
1989 1 6 5
1990 1 6 6
1991 1 6 5
1992 1 6 2
1993 1 6 1
1994 1 7 1
1995 1 8 1 Semi-final
1996 1 9 8 Quarter-final Winners
1997 1 10 8 Runners-up Runners-up
1998 1 10 10 Quarter-final
1999 1 10 10 Winners
2000 1 10 3 Runners-up
2001 1 10 1 Quarter-final
2002 1 10 1 Semi-final
2003 1 12 1 Round of 16 Group stage
2004 1 13 9 Round of 32 Runners-up
2005 1 13 3 Round of 16
2006 1 14 1 Round of 32
2007 1 14 2 Round of 16 Semi-final
2008 1 14 5 Quarter-final
2009 1 15 2 Runners-up[26]
2010 1 15 4 Quarter-final Winners
2011 1 16 10 Winners
2012 1 16 12 Round of 16 Round of 16
2013 1 14 8 Round of 16
2014 1 12 9 Winners
2015 1 12 5 Quarter-final Round of 16
2016 1 12 11 Quarter-final
2017 2 10 4 Quarter-final
2018 2 10 2 Round of 32
2019 1 12 9 Round of 32
2020 1 12 10 Semi-final
2021 1 12 10 Round of 16
2022 1 12 12 Round of 16
2023 2 13 9 Round of 16
  • Tms. = Number of teams
  • Pos. = Position in league

AFC Champions League record

Season Round Opposition Home Away Agg.
2003 Group B   Osotsapa 6–0[a] 2nd
  Shimizu S-Pulse 2–1[a]
  Dalian Shide 1–3[a]
2004 Group G   Persik Kediri 15–0 2–1 1st
  Bình Định 2–0 3–1
  Yokohama F. Marinos 0–1 2–1
Quarter-final   Sharjah 6–0 5–2 11–2
Semi-final   Pakhtakor 0–0 2–0 2–0
Final   Al-Ittihad 0–5 3–1 3–6
2007 Group G   Dong Tam Long An 4–1 2–1 1st
  Shandong Luneng Taishan 3–0 1–2
  Adelaide United 1–0 2–2
Quarter-final   Al-Karamah 2–1 2–0 4–1
Semi-final   Urawa Red Diamonds 2–2 2–2 (a.e.t.) 4–4
(3–5 p)
2010 Group E   Kawasaki Frontale 2–0 0–3 1st
  Melbourne Victory 3–2 2–0
  Beijing Guoan 3–1 1–0
Round of 16   Gamba Osaka 3–0
Quarter-final   Suwon Samsung Bluewings 4–1 0–2 4–3
Semi-final   Al-Shabab 1–0 3–4 4–4 (a)
Final   Zob Ahan 3–1[a]
2012 Group G   Nagoya Grampus 1–1 2–2 1st
  Tianjin TEDA 1–1 3–0
  Central Coast Mariners 5–0 1–1
Round of 16   Bunyodkor 0–1
2015 Group F   Buriram United 2–1 1–2 2nd
  Gamba Osaka 2–0 1–2
  Guangzhou R&F 0–0 1–0
Round of 16   Guangzhou Evergrande 2–1 0–2 2–3
  1. ^ a b c d Played at a neutral venue.


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  22. ^ "'K리그2 준우승' 남기일 감독, "성남에 기여해 기쁘다"".
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