Ilarion Roganović (Serbian Cyrillic: Иларион Рогановић; 12 July 1828 – 15 January 1882) was the Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Highlands from 1860 to 1882. Earlier, he was also the archimandrite of the Ždrebaonik, Ostrog and Cetinje Monasteries. He is remembered as the founder of the Committee of the Red Cross of Montenegro.
|Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Highlands|
|Diocese||Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Highlands|
|Installed||5 August 1860|
|Term ended||15 January 1882|
|Consecration||23 May 1863|
in the Russian Orthodox Church
12 July 1828
|Died||15 January 1882 (aged 53)|
Cetinje, Principality of Montenegro
|Buried||Vlah Church, Cetinje|
Ilarion was born Ilija Roganović on 12 July 1828 in Podgorica to Đuro and Marija Roganović (née Marković). His family was poor, and he was taught by a local priest, Aleksije Radičević, and hieromonk Isaija Bajković who ordained him as a monk at Vranjina Monastery.
Service in the churchEdit
Metropolitan Petar II ordained him as a hierodeacon in 1843 and then as a hieromonk in 1847. After the death of Isaija Bajković, Ilarion became the abbot of Ždrebaonik Monastery near Danilovgrad. In 1856, he was called to Cetinje to study there, after which he became the abbot of Ostrog Monastery. From Ostrog, he moved to Cetinje Monastery where he became archimandrite, meaning he was de facto named successor to the Metropolitan.
On 5 August 1860, Prince Nikola named him the Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Highlands. On 14 October 1862, he requested Ilarion be consecrated in Russia, and his request was confirmed on 19 January 1863. Ilarion was consecrated on 23 May 1863 at the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in Saint Petersburg.
In 1864, Ilarion introduced an order that reformed the parishes and introduced archpriests. In 1866, parishes were reformed again making them more equal in population. After this, 60 priests were left without parishes, but were paid a yearly sum from parishes with more than 120 houses. Under Ilarion, an inventory of all monastery lands was created in 1868.
In 1866, Roganović ordered that all priests must grow their beards. They were, however, allowed to wear their national costume. Ilarion also introduced registers of births, deaths and marriages, expanding the earlier practice of recording only baptisms, started by Peter I.
Under Ilarion, the new Eparchy of Raška and Zahumlje was created. It covered the areas conquered by Montenegro in the Montenegrin–Ottoman War of 1878 and was led by Visarion Ljubiša, who Ilarion and the Bishop of the Bay of Kotor Gerasim Petranović consecrated on 8 September 1878.
In 1875, Ilarion became the first president of the Red Cross of Montenegro.
- Spomenica, 1876-1936 (in Serbian). Belgrade: Društvo crvenog krsta. 1936. pp. 180–182. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
- Slijepčević, Đoko (1991). Istorija srpske pravoslavne crkve 2: od početka XIX veka do kraja drugog svetskog rata (in Serbian). Belgrade: BIGZ. pp. 275–278. ISBN 86-13-00598-5.
- Stamatović, Aleksandar (1999). Kratka istorija Mitropolije Crnogorsko-primorske (1219-1999) (in Serbian). Cetinje: Svetigora. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
- Vuković, Sava (1996). Srpski jerarsi od devetog do dvadesetog veka (PDF) (in Serbian) (1 ed.). Belgrade: Evro. pp. 194–195. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
- Durković-Jakšić, Ljubomir (1991). Mitropolija crnogorska nikada nije bila autokefalna (in Serbian). Belgrade; Cetinje: Sveti arhijerejski sinod srpske pravoslavne crkve; Mitropolija crnogorsko-primorska. p. 62.
- "History of Montenegro Red Cross". Crveni krst Crne Gore.