Il Mondo (newspaper)
Il Mondo (The World) was an Italian afternoon political newspaper with headquarters in Rome. Founded in 1922, it was one of the last independent newspapers to be suppressed by the Fascist Regime in October 1926.
The newspaper was founded by Giovanni Amendola (deputy and later minister in Luigi Facta's cabinet), Giovanni Ciraolo and Andrea Torre and its first issue was published on January 26, 1922. The funding of the newspaper came from industrialist Francesco Matarazzo (1854-1937). Hostile to Giovanni Giolitti, Il Mondo began as a newspaper of the current of Francesco Saverio Nitti within the Radical Party. When Nitti and Amendola founded, a few months later, the Italian Democratic Party, the newspaper became its official organ.
The newspaper strongly opposed the nascent Benito Mussolini regime. After the murder of Giacomo Matteotti on June 10, 1924, it published a memoir of the Secretary of Mussolini which was an indictment of the latter. It also published the first extracts from the Cesare Rossi Memorial (December 27, 1924) and the "Manifesto of the Anti-Fascist Intellectuals" (May 1, 1925).
In the midst of political struggle, Il Mondo reached a circulation of 110,000 copies. On April 7, 1926 Giovanni Amendola died from the consequences of beatings in fascist aggression.
In October 1926, the failed attempt on Mussolini in Bologna gave the regime a pretext to suppress the newspaper. Its main lender, the family Pecoraino suffered the confiscation of all movable and immovable property. The last issue was published October 31, 1926.
- Giornalismo italiano. Volume Secondo (1901-1939). Mondadori, 2009. Collana «I Meridiani».