Ignatius Aloysius Reynolds (August 22, 1798 – March 9, 1855) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as bishop of the Diocese of Charleston, covering three states in the American South, from 1844 until his death in 1855.

The Most Reverend

Ignatius Aloysius Reynolds
Bishop of Charleston
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
SeeDiocese of Charleston
In officeMarch 19, 1844—March 9, 1855
PredecessorJohn England
SuccessorPatrick Neeson Lynch
OrdinationOctober 24, 1823
by Ambrose Maréchal
ConsecrationMarch 19, 1844
by John Baptist Purcell
Personal details
Born(1798-08-22)August 22, 1798
DiedMarch 9, 1855(1855-03-09) (aged 56)
Charleston, South Carolina
EducationSt. Mary's Seminary


Spalding Hall in Bardstown, Kentucky. Formerly part of St. Joseph's Seminary.

Early life


Ignatius Reynolds was born on August 22, 1798, in Bardstown, Kentucky, to John and Ann (née French) Reynolds. He enrolled at the theological seminary there at an early age.[1] In December 1821, he entered St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore, Maryland.



Reynolds was ordained to the priesthood for the Archdiocese of Baltimore by Archbishop Ambrose Maréchal in Baltimore on October 24, 1823.[2][3]

Following his return to Kentucky, Reynolds served as president of St. Joseph's College in Bardstown until 1830, when he succeeded Reverend Francis Kenrick as professor of theology at the Bardstown seminary.[1] He also served as rector of the Cathedral of the Assumption in Louisville, Kentucky. Reynolds later became superior of the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, and vicar general of the diocese.[4]

Bishop of Charleston


On November 28, 1843, Reynolds was appointed the second bishop of Charleston by Pope Gregory XVI.[3] At that time, the diocese included the states of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. He received his episcopal consecration on March 19, 1844, from Archbishop John Purcell, with Bishops Michael O'Connor and Richard Miles serving as co-consecrators, at Saint Peter in Chains Cathedral in Cincinnati, Ohio.[3]

During his tenure, Reynolds brought stability to the diocesan administration.[2] He conducted visitations of the entire diocese, which then included both Carolinas and Georgia.[1]

These areas were dominated by Episcopalians, Baptists, and Methodists; there were only about 12,000 Catholics in the diocese in 1846.[1] Reynolds published a five-volume work on his popular predecessor, Bishop John England; erased the $14,000 diocesan debt left by England, and dedicated the Cathedral of Saint John and Saint Finbar in Charleston in April 1854.[5]

Death and legacy


Reynolds died on March 9, 1855, at age 56 in Charleston.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d Clarke, Richard Henry. "RIGHT REV. IGNATIUS ALOYSIUS REYNOLDS, D.D.". Lives of the Deceased Bishops of the Catholic Church in the United States.
  2. ^ a b "Bishop Ignatius A. Reynolds (1844-1855) · History of the Diocese of Charleston · Diocese of Charleston Archives". dioceseofcharleston.omeka.net. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  3. ^ a b c d "Bishop Ignatius Aloysius Reynolds". Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
  4. ^ "Historical Records and Studies". United States Catholic Historical Society.
  5. ^ "Charleston". Catholic Encyclopedia.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Charleston
Succeeded by