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The party was established as the Islamic Democratic Party (Parti Démocratique Islamique) in 1992.
In 2003 the party adopted its current name as a result of a constitutional prohibition on religious-based parties. It contested the September parliamentary 2003 elections as part of an alliance led by the ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), winning two seats. PDI leader Mussa Harerimana was subsequently appointed Minister of the Interior.
- Tom Lansford (2014) Political Handbook of the World 2014, CQ Press, p1204