Ice Ice Baby
"Ice Ice Baby" is a hip hop song written by American rapper Vanilla Ice, K. Kennedy, and DJ Earthquake. It was based on the bassline of "Under Pressure" by Queen and David Bowie, who did not receive songwriting credit or royalties until after it had become a hit. Released on his debut album, To the Extreme, it is his best known song. It has appeared in remixed form on Platinum Underground and Vanilla Ice Is Back! A live version appears on the album Extremely Live, while a nu metal version appears on the album Hard to Swallow, under the title "Too Cold".
|"Ice Ice Baby"|
|Single by Vanilla Ice|
|from the album To The Extreme|
|A-side||"Play That Funky Music"|
|Released||July 2, 1990|
|Length||3:46 (radio edit)|
4:31 (album version)
|Vanilla Ice singles chronology|
"Ice Ice Baby" was first released as the B-side to Vanilla Ice's cover of "Play That Funky Music", but the single was not initially successful. When disc jockey David Morales played "Ice Ice Baby" instead, it began to gain success. "Ice Ice Baby" was the first hip hop single to top the Billboard Hot 100. Outside the United States, the song topped the charts in Australia, Belgium, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Ireland and the United Kingdom, thus helping the song diversify hip hop by introducing it to a mainstream audience.
Lyrics and musicEdit
Robert Van Winkle, better known by his stage name Vanilla Ice, wrote "Ice Ice Baby" in 1983 at the age of 16, basing its lyrics upon his experiences in South Florida. The lyrics describe a shooting and Van Winkle's rhyming skills. The chorus of "Ice Ice Baby" originates from the signature chant of the national African American fraternity Alpha Phi Alpha. Of the song's lyrics, Van Winkle stated in a 2001 interview that "If you released 'Ice Ice Baby' today, it would fit in today's lyrical respect among peers, you know what I'm sayin'? [...] My lyrics aren't, 'Pump it up, go! Go!' At least I'm sayin' somethin'."
The song's hook samples the bassline of the 1981 song "Under Pressure" by Queen and David Bowie, who did not receive credit or royalties for the sample. In a 1990 interview, Van Winkle said the two melodies were slightly different because he had added an additional note on the "and" of the fourth beat, an anacrusis ("pickup") between odd-numbered and subsequent even-numbered iterations of the "Under Pressure" sample. In later interviews, Van Winkle readily admitted he sampled the song and claimed his 1990 statement was a joke; others, however, suggested he had been serious. After representatives for Queen and Bowie threatened a copyright infringement suit against him, the matter was settled out of court, with Van Winkle being required to pay financial recompense to the original artists. Bowie and all members of Queen were also given songwriting credit for the sample.
The way I do stuff is to go through old records that my brother has. He used to listen to rock 'n' roll and stuff like that. I listened to funk and hip hop because rock wasn't really my era. But having a brother like that, well, I just mixed the two, and he had a copy of 'Under Pressure'. And putting those sounds to hip hop was great.— Robert Van Winkle, Smash Hits
Van Winkle described himself as the first rapper to cross into the pop market and said that although his pioneer status forced him to "take the heat for a lot of people" for his music's use of samples, the criticism he received over sample use allowed sampling to become acceptable in mainstream hip hop.
"Ice Ice Baby" was initially released by Ichiban Records as the B-side to Van Winkle's cover of "Play That Funky Music". The 12-inch single featured the radio, instrumental and a cappella versions of "Play That Funky Music" and the radio version and "Miami Drop" remix of "Ice Ice Baby". When a disc jockey named David Morales played "Ice Ice Baby" instead of the single's A-side, the song gained more success than "Play That Funky Music". A music video for "Ice Ice Baby" was produced for $8000. The video was financed by Van Winkle's manager, Tommy Quon, and shot on the roof of a warehouse in Dallas, Texas. In the video, Van Winkle is shown rapping the lyrics while he and others dance to the song. Heavy airplay of the video by The Box while Van Winkle was still unknown increased public interest in the song. "Ice Ice Baby" was given its own single, released in 1990 by SBK Records in the United States, and EMI Records in the United Kingdom. The SBK single contained the "Miami Drop", instrumental and radio mixes of "Ice Ice Baby" and the album version of "It's A Party". The EMI single contained the club and radio mixes of the song, and the shortened radio edit. The single was quickly pulled from the American market soon after the song reached number one, in a successful attempt to drive consumers to buy the album instead.
"Ice Ice Baby" garnered critical acclaim, and was the first hip hop single to top the Billboard charts. It has been credited for helping diversify hip hop by introducing it to a mainstream audience.
Entertainment Weekly reviewer Mim Udovitch wrote that "[Vanilla Ice] probably would have scored with his hit rap single 'Ice Ice Baby' even if he hadn't been white. There's just something about the way its hook – a sample from Queen and David Bowie's 'Under Pressure' — grabs you and flings you out onto the dance floor." Network 40 wrote: "Like Mellow Man Ace, the rap melts slowly and is as much a mood piece as it is a cruising tune. A motocross champion from Dallas via Miami, the 22-year-old Ice says it's time to chill out."
Following the song's success, California rapper Mario "Chocolate" Johnson, an associate of record producer Suge Knight, claimed that he had helped in writing the song, and had not received credit or royalties. Knight and two bodyguards arrived at The Palm in West Hollywood, where Van Winkle was eating. After shoving Van Winkle's bodyguards aside, Knight and his own bodyguards sat down in front of Van Winkle, staring at him before finally asking "How you doin'?" Similar incidents were repeated on several occasions before Knight showed up at Van Winkle's suite on the fifteenth floor of the Bel Age Hotel, accompanied by Johnson and a member of the Los Angeles Raiders. According to Van Winkle, Knight took him out on the balcony by himself, and implied that he would throw Van Winkle off unless he signed the rights to the song over to Knight.
After audiences began to view Van Winkle as a novelty act and a pop star rather than a legitimate rapper, his popularity began to decline. Detroit-based rapper Eminem states that when he first heard "Ice Ice Baby", "I felt like I didn't want to rap anymore. I was so mad, because he was making it real hard for me." Van Winkle lost some credibility among hip hop fans, but later began to regain some success, attracting a new audience outside of the mainstream audience that had formerly accepted him, and then rejected him. "Ice Ice Baby" continues to be the song that Van Winkle is best known for internationally, although Van Winkle states that his American fans like his newer music better.
According to Rolling Stone, the "Ice Ice Baby"–"Under Pressure" controversy is a landmark music copyright case, since it "sparked discussion about the punitive actions taken in plagiarism cases". The magazine's Jordan Runtagh added: "Though [Vanilla Ice] paid the price, some argue that isn't enough to make up for the potential credibility lost by Queen and David Bowie, who are now linked to him through a collaboration they had no choice in joining."
A live version of the song appeared on the album Extremely Live. "Ice Ice Baby" was rerecorded in a nu metal version titled "Too Cold". Originally intended to be released as a hidden track or B-side, "Too Cold" was featured on Van Winkle's 1998 album Hard to Swallow, and became a radio hit in some markets. In 2000, a remix titled "Ice Ice Baby 2001" was released in Europe as a single, with a newly produced music video. The remix generated new international interest in Van Winkle's music.
VH1 and Blender ranked "Ice Ice Baby" fifth on its list of the "50 Most Awesomely Bad Songs Ever". It was also given the distinction by the Houston Press as being the worst song ever to emanate from Texas. In 1999, the song's music video was "retired" on the MTV special 25 Lame, in which Van Winkle himself appeared to destroy the video's master tape. Given a baseball bat, Van Winkle ended up destroying the show's set. However, in December 2007, VH1 ranked the song in 29th place of their 100 Greatest Songs of the 90's.
In 1991, Alvin and the Chipmunks released a cover version entitled "Ice Ice Alvin" for their album The Chipmunks Rock the House. "Weird Al" Yankovic included the chorus as the final song in "Polka Your Eyes Out", the polka medley from his 1992 album Off the Deep End. In 2004, the song was featured in the 13 Going on 30 in the movie. In 2010, the song was featured in the Glee episode "Bad Reputation" as performed by Will Schuester (Matthew Morrison).
Charts and salesEdit
- Murphy, Sarah (July 13, 2017). "Vanilla Ice Apparently Owns the Rights to "Under Pressure"". Exclaim!. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- "BMI Repertoire". BMI. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- "First Rap Number 1 Billboard Hot 100 (Ice Ice Baby)". XXLmag.com. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- "Hitparade.ch: Vanilla Ice (Ice Ice Baby)". swisscharts.com Hung medien. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Official Charts Company: Vanilla Ice". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Rayner, Alex (November 3, 2007). "Is this it?". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Perullo, Alex; Fenn, John (2003). "Ideologies, Choices, and Practicies in Eastern African Hip Hop". In Harris M., Berger; Michael Thomas, Carroll (eds.). Global Pop, Local Language. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 25. ISBN 1-57806-536-4.
- Keyes, Cheryl L (2004). "Blending and Shaping Styles: Rap and Other Musical Voices". Rap Music and Street Consciousness. University of Illinois Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-252-07201-4.
- Fine, Elizabeth Calvert (2003). "The Cultural Politics of Step Shows". Soulstepping: African American Step Shows. University of Illinois Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-252-02475-3.
- Vontz, Andrew (2001). "Ice capades". Salon.com. Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Hess, Mickey (2007). "Vanilla Ice: The Elvis of Rap". Is Hip Hop Dead?. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 118. ISBN 0-275-99461-9.
- Westfahl, Gary (2000). "Legends of the Fall: Behind the Music". Science Fiction, Children's Literature, and Popular Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 100. ISBN 0-313-30847-0.
- Stillman, Kevin (February 27, 2006). "Word to your mother". Iowa State Daily. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Adams, Nick (2006). "When White Rappers Attack". Making Friends with Black People. Kensington Books. p. 75. ISBN 0-7582-1295-X.
- Runtagh, Jordan (June 8, 2016). "Songs on Trial: 10 Landmark Music Copyright Cases" > "Vanilla Ice vs. Queen and David Bowie (1990)". rollingstone.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- "Feature: Has Vanilla Ice been stealing other people's songs?". Smash Hits. EMAP Metro (12–25 December 1990): 59.
- Hoebee, Alida (December 24, 2007). "Vanilla Ice – He's Still Cool". Australia: Inside Out. Archived from the original on February 26, 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Wartofsky, Alona (November 22, 1998). "The Iceman Returneth; Vanilla Ice: Once Hated, He's Back With a Different Rap". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "Information for "Ice Ice Baby" (12")". Discogs. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Corcoran, Michael (January 27, 1991). "Black and white & rap all over: Mass America moves to beat of hip-hop". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
- Hilburn, Robert (March 17, 1991). "Why Is Everyone Still Fussing About Ice?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
- Perkins, Ken Parish (March 31, 1991). "Building with Ice: Tommy Quon struggled for years running clubs – then found a ticket out". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
- Banks, Jack (1996). "Other Video Music Program Services". Monopoly Television: MTV's Quest to Control the Music. Westview Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-8133-1821-1.
- "Information for "Ice Ice Baby" (SBK)". Discogs. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "Information for "Ice Ice Baby" (EMI)". Discogs. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Steven, Rosen (December 17, 1990). "Album ploy for Vanilla Ice tough on kid buyers". The Denver Post. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- Kihn, Martin (May 18, 1992). "Charles in Charge". New York. 25 (20): 40.
- Kyllonen, Tommy (2007). "An unorthodox culture: hip-hop's history". Un.orthodox: Church. Hip-Hop. Culture. Zondervan. p. 92. ISBN 0-310-27439-7.
- Udovitch, Mim (November 2, 1990). "Review of To the Extreme". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "Top 40: Music Meeting" (PDF). Network 40 (1990-08-24, page 25). Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- Sullivan, Randall (2003). LAbyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implication of Death Row Records' Suge Knight, and the Origins of the Los Angeles Police Scandal. Grove Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-8021-3971-X.
- Fischer, Blair R. (March 12, 1998). "To The Extreme and Back". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 9, 2006. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
- "Catching Up With... Vanilla Ice". The Washington Post. February 17, 2006. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Hasted, Nick (2005). "The White Negro". The Dark Story of Eminem. Omnibus Press. p. 42. ISBN 1-84449-726-7.
- Braithwaite, Alyssa (December 19, 2007). "Vanilla Ice announces Perth concert". The Sunday Times. Perth, Western Australia: News Corp Australia. Archived from the original on January 28, 2008. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Huey, Steve. "Review of Extremely Live". Allmusic. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
- Hess, Mickey (2007). "Vanilla Ice". In Hess, Mickey (ed.). Icons of Hip Hop. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 94. ISBN 0-313-33903-1.
- Moss, Corey (October 29, 1998). "Survival of the phattest – Old school rap returns (part II): The Iceman under pressure". Iowa State Daily. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- Saidman, Sorelle (October 26, 2000). "Vanilla Ice Picks "Skabz" On Next LP". MTV. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "VH1 & Blender Magazine Present: 50 Most Awesomely Bad Songs ... Ever". Archived at PR Newswire. VH1, Blender. May 12, 2004.
- Lomax, John Lomax (April 29, 2004). "The worst songs of all time from Texas". Houston Press. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Karger, Dave (May 14, 1999). "Vanilla Ice cracks". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "Stupid Questions". Entertainment Weekly. January 23, 2004. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Ali, Rahsheeda (May 23, 2013). "The 100 Greatest Songs Of the '90s". Blog.vh1.com. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- MTV Dance - Tuesday 27.12.2011
- "The Chipmunks Rock the House". Amazon.com. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Off the Deep End (liner). "Weird Al" Yankovic. Scotti Bros. Records. 1992.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "'Glee' Cast Songs on iTunes". iTunes. Archived from the original on November 17, 2009. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
- "Australian-charts.com – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "Austriancharts.at – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Archived from the original on February 8, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- "Top 10 Denmark" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
- "Lescharts.com – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". GfK Entertainment Charts.
- "Top 10 Greece" (PDF). Music & Media. January 12, 1991. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- "Charts for "Ice Ice Baby"". Irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on June 3, 2009. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "Charts for "Ice Ice Baby"". Hit parade Italia. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Vanilla Ice" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
- "Charts.nz – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". Top 40 Singles.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". VG-lista.
- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". Singles Top 100.
- "Swisscharts.com – Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "Vanilla Ice: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
- "Vanilla Ice Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
- "Vanilla Ice Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard.
- "Vanilla Ice Chart Search (Dance Singles Sales)". Billboard.
- "Vanilla Ice Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
- * Zimbabwe. Kimberley, C. Zimbabwe: singles chart book. Harare: C. Kimberley, 2000
- "Charts and awards for Vanilla Ice". Allmusic. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "Charts for "Ice Ice Baby". Lescharts.com. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "1990 ARIA Singles Chart". ARIA. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- "Top 100 Hit Tracks of 1990". RPM. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
- "End of Year Charts 1990". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "Billboard Top 100 – 1990". Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved September 15, 2009.
- "1991 Australian Singles Chart". ARIA. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "Single top 100 over 1991" (PDF) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- "1991 Swiss Singles Chart". Hitparade.ch. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "1991 ARIA Singles Chart". ARIA. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- "Austrian certifications for "Ice Ice Baby"". IFPI Austria. Archived from the original on February 1, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2009.
- "Canada certifications for "Ice Ice Baby"". Music Canada. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank ('Ice Ice Baby')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "Swedish certifications for "Ice Ice Baby"" (PDF). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "UK certifications for "Ice Ice Baby"". BPI. Archived from the original on February 6, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "U.S. certifications for "Ice Ice Baby"". RIAA. Retrieved October 18, 2014.