Ibrahim of Kazan

İbrahim khan (died 1479) was the Khan of Kazan from 1467. He was the son of Mäxmüd. He was crowned after Xälil's death and was married to Nursoltan. In 1467–1469 and 1478 he participated in wars against Muscovy. After concluding a treaty with Ivan III, all Russian prisoners of war held by the Khanate were released. He supported a policy of non-intervention into Muscovy's politics.

Ibrahim of Kazan
Khan of Kazan
Khan of the Tatar Kazan Khanate
Reign1467 – 1479
PredecessorXälil of Kazan
SuccessorIlham Ghali of Kazan
Bornunknown
Died1479[1]
Spouses Nur Sultan[1]

Wars against MuscovyEdit

In 1467 Ivan III began to wage war against the Kazan Khanate. In the fall he sent as a pretender oglan Kasim, Ibrahim's uncle, which was supported by a part of Kazan nobility. Ibrahim destroyed numerous Muscovite forces in the battle on the Idel(Volga).

At the head of opposition was mirza Gabgul-Mumin. The Russian campaign ended unsuccessfully, with the Russian army deciding to not cross the Volga to engage in combat with the Tatars. In response to this Ibrahim-khan in winter made a dragoon to the border areas of the enemy and plundered environs of Galich Merskoy.

In 1468 Ivan III sent strong garrisons to Nizhniy Novgorod, Murom, Kostroma, Galich and began military action on the territory of Khanate. This campaign accompanied by extreme violence against ordinary people with the purpose of provoking Kazan into a big war.

Ibrahim sent its armies by two directions: Galich and Nizhniy Novgorod-Muromsk. On the first way, the Khanate's army was contributed by success. Tatars captured the Kichmeng town and two volosts of Kostroma were been occupied. On the second way Russians stopped Tatars defeating Khadzhi-Berdy's troop.

Muscovy opened a third front from Khlynov. Ushkuyniks went by boats to Kama from Vyatka and began robbing the hinterland of the Khanate (deep behind the lines). In response to this Tatars sent troops that captured the capital of Vyatka Land - Khlynov.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Kołodziejczyk 2011, p. 29.

BibliographyEdit

  • Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz (2011). The Crimean Khanate and Poland-Lithuania: International Diplomacy on the European Periphery (15th-18th Century). A Study of Peace Treaties Followed by Annotated Documents. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9789004191907.
Preceded by Khan of Kazan
1467–1479
Succeeded by