Ibn al-Wafid

ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn al-Wāfid al-Lakhmī (Arabic: علي بن الحسين بن الوافد اللخمي) (c. 997 – 1074), known in Latin Europe as Abenguefith, was an Arab[1] pharmacologist and physician from Toledo. He was the vizier of Al-Mamun of Toledo. His main work is Kitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada (كتاب الأدوية المفردة, translated into Latin as De medicamentis simplicibus).[2]

Ibn al-Wāfid
ابن الوافد
BornDecember 997
Toledo, Spain, now Province of Toledo, Spain
Died1074 (aged 77)
OccupationPharmacologist, Physician, Vizir of Al-Mamun of Toledo
Notable worksKitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada
كتاب الأدوية المفردة

Ibn al-Wafid was mainly a pharmacist in Toledo, and he used the techniques and methods available in alchemy to extract at least 520 different kinds of medicines from various plants and herbs.

His student Ali Ibn al-Lukuh was the author of ʿUmdat al-Ṭabīb fī Maʿrifat al-Nabāt li kulli Labīb, a famous botanical dictionary.


  1. ^ Muñoz, Fernando (1996). Plantas medicinales y aromáticas: estudio, cultivo y procesado (in Spanish). Mundi-Prensa Libros. ISBN 9788471146243.
  2. ^ Emilia Calvo, "Ibn Wafid", in: The Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non Western Cultures, ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1997, p. 438

External linksEdit