Abū al-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-Abbās ibn Jūrayj (Arabic: أبو الحسن علي بن العباس بن جريج), also known as Ibn al-Rūmī[3] (born Baghdad in 836; died 896), was the grandson of George the Greek (Jūraij or Jūrjis i.e. Georgius) and a popular arab[4] poet of Baghdād in the Abbāsid-era.[5]

Ibn al-Rūmī
ابن الرومى
أبو الحسن علي بن العباس بن جريج
Born21 June 836 [1]
Died13 July 896 (aged 60) [2]
EraIslamic Golden Age
(Abbasid era)
RegionIraq,
Arab world,
Muslim world
Main interests
Arabic poetry

By the age of twenty he earned a living from his poetry. His many political patrons included the governor Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah ibn Tahir, Abbasid caliph Al-Mu'tamid's minister the Persian Isma'il ibn Bulbul, and the politically influential Nestorian family Banū Wahb. He was a Shiite with Mutazilite leanings. He died of illness at the age of 59. His early biographer Ibn Khallikān relates an account that he was given poisoned biscuits in the presence of the caliph Al-Mu'tadid on the orders of his vizier, Al-Qasim ibn Ubayd Allah, whom Ibn al-Rumī had satirised viciously.[6] In another account his death is attributed to suicide. In the tenth century his Dīwān (collected poetry), which had been transmitted orally by al-Mutanabbī, was arranged and edited by Abū Bakr ibn Yaḥyā al-Ṣūlī, and included in the section of his book Kitāb Al-Awrāq (كتاب الاوراق) on muḥadathūn (modern poets).[7][8][9][10][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol 1, p. 536. Edition I. 1964
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol 1, p. 536. Edition I. 1964
  3. ^ Khallikān 1843, p. 297, II.
  4. ^ "Ibn al-Rūmī | Arab poet [9th-century] | Britannica".
  5. ^ Nadīm (al-) 1970, p. 1085.
  6. ^ Khallikān (Ibn) 1843, p. 299, II.
  7. ^ Ṣūlī (al-) 1934.
  8. ^ Nadīm (al-) 1970, p. 331.
  9. ^ Ṣūlī (al-), Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Yaḥyā (1934). Heyworth-Dunne, J (ed.). Kitāb al-Awrāķ (Section on Contemporary Poets) (in Arabic). London: Luzac.
  10. ^ Nadīm (al), Abū al-Faraj Muḥammad ibn Isḥāq Abū Ya’qūb al-Warrāq (1970). Dodge, Bayard (ed.). The Fihrist of al-Nadim; a tenth-century survey of Muslim culture. New York & London: Columbia University Press.
  11. ^ Nadīm (al-), Abū al-Faraj Muḥammad ibn Isḥāq (1872). Flügel, Gustav (ed.). Kitāb al-Fihrist (in Arabic). Leipzig: F.C.W. Vogel. p. 572 (150).

BibliographyEdit