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Iberia, in its most common meaning, is the peninsula in southwestern Europe containing the countries of Spain, Portugal and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. In history, the same name was also used for an area in the Caucasus more or less identical with modern Georgia.
Derived from these two meanings, Iberia may also refer to:
- Kingdom of Iberia (302 BC–580 AD), an ancient Georgian kingdom
- Sasanian Iberia (523–626/627 AD), the eastern parts of Caucasian Georgia under direct Sasanian rule
- Principality of Iberia (580-880 AD), a conventional term for an aristocratic regime in early medieval Caucasian Georgia that flourished between the sixth and ninth centuries
- Bagratid Iberia (888-1008), Georgian monarchy concentrated on historical lands of Tao and Klarjeti
- Theme of Iberia (c. 1000-1074 AD), an administrative and military unit of the Byzantine Empire carved out of several Georgian lands