Iba, Zambales

Iba, officially the Municipality of Iba (Sambal: Babali nin Iba; Pangasinan: Baley na Iba; Tagalog: Bayan ng Iba), is a 2nd class municipality and capital of the province of Zambales, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 55,581 people. [3]

Iba
Municipality of Iba
IbaTownHalljf9380 11.JPG
Official seal of Iba
Motto(s): 
Bagong Iba!
Map of Zambales with Iba highlighted
Map of Zambales with Iba highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Iba is located in Philippines
Iba
Iba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°20′N 119°59′E / 15.33°N 119.98°E / 15.33; 119.98Coordinates: 15°20′N 119°59′E / 15.33°N 119.98°E / 15.33; 119.98
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceZambales
District 2nd district
Founded1611
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJun Rundstedt 'Rundy' C. Ebdane
 • Vice MayorIrenea Maniquiz-Biñan
 • RepresentativeCheryl Deloso-Montalla
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate32,928 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total153.38 km2 (59.22 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Highest elevation
402 m (1,319 ft)
Lowest elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total55,581
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
 • Households
11,450
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence16.77% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱251,799,223.26 (2020)
 • Assets₱836,770,380.42 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱220,293,670.03 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱538,445,639.38 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityZambales 1 Electric Cooperative (ZAMECO 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2201
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)47
Native languagesSambal
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websiteibazambales.gov.ph

As the capital of the province, it is second largest provincial capital in terms of land area in Central Luzon Region after Tarlac City.

Iba is the birthplace of former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay. With a continuously growing number of commercial establishments, banks, and financial institutions in Iba, it contends among the most competitive municipalities in Philippines, and is pushing forward towards a progressive city.

HistoryEdit

Iba was founded by the Order of Augustinian Recollect priests led by Fray Rodrigo de San Miguel in 1611 as the village of Paynauen.[5] The early inhabitants of the town are called Zambals. They were later joined by the Ilocanos who migrated to the town which resulted in intermingling of customs and traditions. The Aeta people settled in the hinterlands and the majority of them dwelled in the Mount Pinatubo area. In 1680, the administration of the town was turned over to the Dominican priests until the civil government came to power. There are no available records as to when Paynauen was renamed to Iba.[5]

The municipality was named after the sour fruit "Iba", commonly known as kamias (Averrhoa bilimbi), which is abundant in the place.[5] Local folklore talks about the Spaniards who came to the town asking the name of the place, the natives shouted "Iba, Iba" thinking that the man was asking what they were eating. From then on, the place was called Iba.

The permanent capital of Zambales was moved from Masinloc to Iba because of its strategic location being on the central part of Zambales. On August 28, 1901, American Civil Governor William Howard Taft held the historic session of the Second Philippine Commission establishing the Province of Zambales under the American rule held at Roman Catholic Church of Iba.

Proposed conversion to a cityEdit

The League of Cities of the Philippines has the expanding disagreement in opinion against the conversion of sixteen municipalities into constituent cities. The LCP had tried to influence President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to certify as call for immediate attention a draft of a law imposing a suspension on the conversion of additional towns into cities.

Local Government Code states that before a town could be classified as a city, it must have an annual income of at least Php100 million and a land area of at minimum 100 square kilometres (39 square miles) or a population of 150,000.

Senator Angara advocates House Bill 24 filed by Zamboanga Sibugay Representative ANN Hofer giving automatic cityhood to capitals of provinces without cities by freeing the capital towns of provinces from the income needs of the cityhood.

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Iba is bounded by the municipalities of Botolan to the south, Palauig to the north, the province of Tarlac to the east, and the South China Sea to the west. Like most of the municipalities in the province, Iba is geographically bound by the coast in the west with the Zambales Mountains in the eastern portion of the municipality.

BarangaysEdit

Iba is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[6]

  • Amungan (partly urban)
  • Bangantalinga (rural)
  • Dirita-Baloguen (partly urban)
  • Lipay-Dingin-Panibuatan (rural)
  • Palanginan (highly urban)
  • San Agustin (rural)
  • Santa Barbara (rural)
  • Santo Rosario (rural)
  • Zone 1 Pob. (highly urban)
  • Zone 2 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 3 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 4 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 5 Pob. (urban)
  • Zone 6 Pob. (urban)

ClimateEdit

Iba has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Iba's climate is no different from the other towns where rainy season begins from May and ends in October, while the dry season is from November to April. An average of 43.15 centimetres (16.99 in) of annual rainfall with a temperature of 22 °C (72 °F) is observed during rainy season. The highest temperature recorded is 34 °C (93 °F) while the lowest is 19.18 °C (66.52 °F).

Climate data for Iba, Zambales (1981–2010, extremes 1910–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
38.5
(101.3)
38.8
(101.8)
38.0
(100.4)
38.2
(100.8)
38.6
(101.5)
35.7
(96.3)
35.6
(96.1)
37.0
(98.6)
38.3
(100.9)
38.1
(100.6)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
31.3
(88.3)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
32.7
(90.9)
31.5
(88.7)
30.4
(86.7)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.0
(80.6)
28.4
(83.1)
28.2
(82.8)
27.4
(81.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.1
(71.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
11.0
(51.8)
16.0
(60.8)
15.0
(59.0)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
12.3
(54.1)
17.8
(64.0)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
11.0
(51.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.1
(0.16)
9.3
(0.37)
19.8
(0.78)
38.1
(1.50)
254.7
(10.03)
519.9
(20.47)
838.1
(33.00)
897.7
(35.34)
559.5
(22.03)
234.2
(9.22)
62.3
(2.45)
13.2
(0.52)
3,450.7
(135.85)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2 2 2 4 13 18 23 25 21 14 6 3 133
Average relative humidity (%) 76 76 76 74 77 82 85 86 85 82 79 76 80
Source: PAGASA[7][8]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Iba
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,482—    
1918 5,452+1.31%
1939 8,299+2.02%
1948 9,741+1.80%
1960 14,555+3.40%
1970 19,521+2.98%
1975 21,020+1.49%
1980 22,791+1.63%
1990 29,221+2.52%
1995 31,503+1.42%
2000 34,678+2.08%
2007 44,344+3.45%
2010 46,761+1.95%
2015 50,506+1.48%
2020 55,581+1.90%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

In the 2020 census, the population of Iba, Zambales, was 55,581 people, [3] with a density of 360 inhabitants per square kilometre or 930 inhabitants per square mile.

The population of Iba has become a mixture of different people over the last twenty years as opportunities in employment and business attracted people from Pangasinan, Bataan, and Batangas. Originally, the population was composed of the Sambal and Ilocano speaking people. While Sambal and Ilocano are spoken by many of the population, Tagalog has become the common dialect spoken in Iba.

ReligionEdit

The majority of the people in Iba, Zambales are Roman Catholics. The largest minority religion is Iglesia ni Cristo followed by various Protestant denominations.

Ecclesiastical DistrictEdit

The seat of the Ecclesiastical District of Zambales North of the Iglesia ni Cristo is located in Iba. The INC district administration and district office oversees several locales and extensions from different municipalities in the northern part of Zambales province.

Diocese of IbaEdit

The Cathedral of Iba, also known as the Cathedral of Saint Augustine, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iba. The church of the diocese is a 17th-century Baroque church built by the Augustinian Recollects. It is located adjacent to the Provincial Capitol Building. Currently, the diocese has no appointed bishop yet since Bishop Florentino Lavarias became the Archbishop of San Fernando, Pampanga.

EconomyEdit

Being a center of employment and commerce as well being the host of major educational institutions, the population of Iba increase during day time because of traders, market buyers, students, government and private employees flocking in the town. There are currently 2 malls in the municipality, Iba Town Center Mall - the first community mall in the town and City Supermarket, Inc. (CSI Mall). Happy Go Shopping Center is also in list for shopping destination in town, (Robinsons Place Iba - planned), (Walter Mart Iba - planned). Giant known supermarkets in the country has also branches in Iba like SM Savemore Market, Robinson's Supermarket, PureGold Iba, CSI Supermarket and Ramrod Supermarket. There are also some of the major fast food restaurants like Jollibee, McDonald's, Greenwich, Chowking, Mang Inasal, Max's Restaurant, Andoks, Goldilocks, Red Ribbon, Cindy's, Roberto's Steak House, Shakey's Pizza and more. Iba also have some of the major banks in Country like Metrobank, BDO, BPI, EastWest Bank, PS Bank, Landbank, PNB, RCBC, Bank of Commerce, GM Bank, Bridge Bank, Producers Bank, Cooperative Bank of Zambales and Chinabank. Some Government Offices can also be found in Iba, such as the SSS, NBI and PhilHealth.

TourismEdit

Tourism is one of the major economic activity in Iba during the summer period. It has become a popular destination for summer vacationists and tourists due to the pristine and beautiful beaches that line the shorelines of Iba, and adventure trekking to the unique 3-series of Iba waterfalls. Its pollution-free beaches due to the absence of industrial-polluting activities in the locality, make it one of the best places in the Philippines.

In response to the growing number of both local and foreign visitors, investments in beach resorts have increased in the last fifteen years. Today there are about 50 beach resorts in Iba.

FestivalsEdit

 
Mango Fest
Zambales Mango Festival
The festival is a celebration of a bountiful harvest of mangoes and other agricultural products which the province is known for. It is also aimed to highlight the attractions and places of interest in all of its towns. As a way of promoting and giving thanks for a good harvest, the people of Zambales annually celebrate the six-day Mango Festival in March or April in Iba.[19]
Paynauen Festival
A summer festival in Iba featuring local traditional arts and culture first celebrated in the 1980s, Paynauen Festival (also spelled as Paynawen) has become a yearly tradition and a tourist attraction lasting for about seven days. Paynauen's festivities include street dancing, singing competition, boxing events, sports events, sand castle building, carabao race, kite flying contests, Miss Paynauen competition, cooking contest, barangay booth displays, products display and sales, ballroom dancing, traditional parade, concerts and many others.
The festival is held late April, during the summer season where thousands of visitors flock to Iba for beach activities. Led by the Iba Tourism Council, Paynauen is supported by the local government, different civic organizations, volunteers and the private business sector.

TransportationEdit

 
Iba Field now Iba Airport in 1941
By land
Iba is easily reached from Manila and Pangasinan by land transportation. It is 204 kilometres (127 mi) from Rizal Park in Manila via North Luzon Expressway exiting in San Fernando, Pampanga to Olongapo. From Olongapo, Iba is 78 kilometres (48 mi) away.[20]
By air
The town can be also reached by small aircraft using the Iba Airport, a small feeder airport with a 900-metre (3,000 ft) runway located along the coast of Iba.

Health centersEdit

The provincial government administers the President Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Hospital in Bargy. Palanginan to provide convenient medical services at a lower costs to the people of the Zambales. The hospital received a ₱50-million equipment upgrade in 2011 to better serve its patients.[21][22]

The Santa Cecilia Medical Center is a private institution offering one of the most complete and advance medical facilities in the province.[23]

Saint Pio's Medical Center is also a large medical facilities and a private institution located along Govic Road in Brgy. Dirita.

EducationEdit

Tertiary educationEdit

The Ramon Magsaysay Technological University (RMTU), formerly Ramon Magsaysay Polytechnic College (RMPC), is a government-funded higher education institution founded in 1910. The school was merged with two other colleges in the province in 1998 to become the present multi-campus university system. Its main campus is located in the center of Iba with satellite campuses located all over the province.[24]

The provincial office of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) in Zambales is located on Magsaysay Avenue. TESDA was established by the Philippine government to manage and supervise the vocational education and skills development of the country's human resources through training and scholarships.[25]

All Asia Aviation Academy is a flying school offering flight and ground training located in Iba Airport between Brgy. LDP and Brgy. Sto. Rosario.

Micro Asia College of Science and Technology located in Brgy. Zone 1.

Marasigan Technological College located in Brgy. Zone 1.

Hopefull Beginnings Institute located in Brgy. Palanginan.

Popular cultureEdit

Local governmentEdit

 
Town hall of Iba
Elected Officials
Mayor Jun Rundstedt "Rundy" Ebdane June 30, 2013 3rd Term
Vice Mayor Aireen Maniquiz-Biñan June 30, 2016 2nd Term
Member's Sangguniang Bayan Margie Maniquiz Noveno June 30, 2019 1st Term
Salvador Redondo June 30, 2013 3rd Term
Danilo Ballesteros June 30, 2019 1st Term
Francisco "Frank" Aldea June 30, 2013 3rd Term
Al Fallorin June 30, 2013 3rd Term
Isagani Yap June 30, 2016 2nd Term
Lanie Tabile June 30, 2019 1st Term
Lilia Butaran June 30, 2019 1st Term

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Iba | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ a b c "Municipalities". Zambales Now, Official Website of the Province. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  6. ^ "Province: Zambales". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Iba, Zambales Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Iba, Zambales Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Zambales". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "Events/Festivals". Zambales Now, Official Website of Zambales. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  20. ^ "Manila to Iba". Google Maps. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
  21. ^ Online (2012-01-21). "Zambales hospital acquires P50M equipment". Tempo. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  22. ^ Bayarong, Anthony (2011-09-21). "Zambales hospital gets major upgrade worth P50 million". Sun Star Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.
  23. ^ "Welcome to SCMC, Iba, Zambales". Santa Cecilia Medical Center Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-06-02.
  24. ^ "About us - RMTU at a Glance". RMTU Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-31.
  25. ^ "Directory". Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. Retrieved on 2012-05-28.
  26. ^ Webmaster (2012-05-23). "Apocalypse Now". The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.
  27. ^ "Trivia: Apocalypse Now". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2012-05-30.

External linksEdit