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Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th and 4th Duke of Argyll (18 June 1903 – 7 April 1973) was a Scottish peer. He is chiefly remembered for his unhappy marriage to, and scandalous 1963 divorce from, Margaret Whigham.

The Duke of Argyll
Coat of arms of the duke of Argyll.png
Arms of the Dukes of Argyll
BornIan Douglas Campbell
(1903-06-18)18 June 1903
Paris, France
Died7 April 1973(1973-04-07) (aged 69)
Edinburgh, Scotland
TitleDuke of Argyll
Known for1963 divorce
PredecessorNiall Diarmid Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll
SuccessorIan Campbell, 12th Duke of Argyll
Spouse(s)
The Hon. Janet Gladys Aitken
(m. 1927; div. 1934)


Margaret Whigham
(m. 1951; div. 1963)

IssueLady Jeanne Campbell
Ian Campbell, 12th Duke of Argyll
Lord Colin Ivar Campbell
Lady Elspeth Campbell
ParentsDouglas Campbell
Aimee Lawrence

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Ian Douglas Campbell was born in Paris, France.[1] He was the son of Douglas Walter Campbell and his wife, Aimee Marie Suzanne Lawrence. He was a great-grandson of George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll. He inherited the dukedom from his first cousin once removed, Niall Diarmid Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll, in 1949.[1]

FamilyEdit

Argyll was married four times.[2] His first marriage was to the Honourable Janet Gladys Aitken (9 July 1908 – 1988), daughter of business tycoon and press baron Lord Beaverbrook, on 12 December 1927. They had a daughter:

  • Lady Jeanne Campbell (10 December 1928 – 4 June 2007) she married Norman Mailer in 1962 and they were divorced in 1963. They have one daughter. She remarried John Cram in March 1964. They have one daughter.

Ian and Janet divorced in 1934. Argyll's second marriage was to Louise Hollingsworth Morris Vanneck, née Clews (d. 10 February 1970), daughter of Henry Clews by his wife Louise Hollingsworth Morris (ex-wife 1894–1901 of Frederick Gebhard) of Baltimore, Maryland, and former wife of Hon. Andrew Vanneck (md 1930–1933) on 23 November 1935. This marriage produced two sons:

This marriage also ended in divorce, in 1951.

Argyll's third marriage was to Margaret Whigham (1 December 1912 – 25 July 1993), mother of the Duchess of Rutland, Frances Helen Sweeny, from her previous marriage to Charles Sweeny. They were married on 22 March 1951. Margaret was a glittering society figure with a voracious sexual appetite. Even while married to the Duke, she carried on having affairs with men from actor Douglas Fairbanks Jr. to Duncan Sandys, the Minister of Defence. The marriage was childless and they divorced in 1963, after the Duke photographed one of her sexual exploits. In the infamous divorce proceeding, the Duke produced Polaroid photographs of the Duchess wearing only her signature triple-string of pearls while fellating an unidentified man. This naturally caused a stir in society, and the divorce was granted, though on grounds of adultery with a different man.[3]

Argyll's fourth and final marriage was to Mathilda Coster Mortimer (20 August 1925 – 6 June 1997)[4] on 15 June 1963. Mathilda, who was first married to Clemens Heller, founder of the Salzburg Global Seminar, a school in Salzburg, Austria,[4] was the granddaughter of New York banker and clubman, William B. Coster.[5] From this marriage he had a daughter:

  • Lady Elspeth Campbell (29 April – 4 May 1967), who lived only five days.

They remained married until the Duke's death on 7 April 1973. He died in a nursing home in Edinburgh.[1] He was succeeded by his son Ian.

While most Dukes and Duchesses of Argyll are buried at Kilmun Parish Church, the 11th Duke and his son, the 12th Duke, both chose to be buried on the island of Inishail in Loch Awe.

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Eleventh Duke of Argyll, Chief of Campbells". The Glasgow Herald. 9 April 1973. p. 7. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 153 § 1525".[unreliable source]
  3. ^ Hugh Davies (10 August 2000). "Duchess's 'headless man' was Fairbanks Jnr". The Daily Telegraph.
  4. ^ a b "Mathilda, Dowager Duchess of Argyll, Dies at 70". The New York Times. 8 June 1997. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  5. ^ Currie, William (17 January 1993). "MOTHER'S SEARCH". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (Volume 40 ed.). Burke's Peerage Limited. 1878. p. 39. Retrieved 13 April 2016.

External linksEdit