Iași County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈjaʃʲ]) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Western Moldavia, with the administrative seat at Iași. It is the most populous county in Romania, after the Municipality of Bucharest (which has the same administrative level as that of a county).
|Historical region||Western Moldavia|
|• Total||5,476 km2 (2,114 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+40) 232 or (+40) 332|
|ISO 3166 code||RO-IS|
|GDP (nominal)||US$ 5.431 billion (2015)|
|GDP/per capita||US$ 7,032 (2015)|
This county has a total area of 5,476 km2. It lies on a plain between the Siret River and the Prut River. Two other rivers run through the county: the Bahlui River (on the banks of which lies the city of Iași) and the Jijia River.
As of 20 October 2011 census, Iași County had a population of 772,348. On the other hand, according to the 2012 data provided by the County Population Register Service, the total registered population of the county is as high as 873,662 people.
The population of Iași County today is nearly double what it was sixty years ago.
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||17|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||10|
|Save Romania Union (USR)||6|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||3|
This county is predominantly agricultural, due to its topography. Industry is concentrated in the cities. The principal industries are:
- Metallurgy and heavy-equipment manufacturing
- Electronics & Electrotechnics
- Food production
City of Iași is the most important city in Moldavia and one of the most important social, cultural and business centres in Romania. It has the oldest University in the country, and, until the formation of the United Principalities, it was the capital of Moldavia.
Some of the tourist destinations in the county:
- City of Iași and its environs (the Seven hills of Iași);
- Alexandru Ioan Cuza Memorial Palace in Ruginoasa;
- Cucuteni - Neolithic archeological site;
- Cotnari and Bohotin vineyards;
- Museum of Vineyard and Wine in Hârlău;
- Hadâmbu and Dobrovăț Monasteries;
- Miclăușeni Castle and Monastery;
- Vasile Alecsandri Memorial House in Mircești;
- Constantin Negruzzi Museum in Hermeziu;
- Cezar Petrescu Museum in Cotnari;
- City of Pașcani, and towns of Târgu Frumos and Hârlău;
- Strunga health resort.
Iași County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns, and 93 communes
- Municipalities (as of 2011 census)
- Alexandru Ioan Cuza
- Coarnele Caprei
- Ion Neculce
- Schitu Duca
- Valea Lupului
- Valea Seacă
|Capital city (Reședință de județ)||Iași|
|• Total||3,227 km2 (1,246 sq mi)|
|• Density||85/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The county was located in the northeastern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Iași County. In the eastern part of the county, the county included a part of the left bank of the Prut River, now in the territory of the Republic of Moldova. It was bordered to the north by the counties of Botoșani and Bălți, to the east by Lăpușna County, to the south by the counties of Fălciu and Vaslui, and to the west by the counties of Roman and Baia.
- Plasa Bahlui, headquartered at Podu Iloaiei
- Plasa Cârligătura, headquartered at Târgu Frumos
- Plasa Codru, headquartered at Buciumii (at that time a commune, now Bucium District in the city of Iași)
- Plasa Copou, headquartered at Iași
- Plasa Turia, headquartered at Șipotele
- Plasa Ungheni, headquartered at Ungheni-Târg, now the city of Ungheni in the Republic of Moldova
Iasi County included two urban localities: Iaşi (county seat) and urban commune Târgu Frumos, located at the western border of the county.
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 275,796 inhabitants, 81.6% Romanians, 14.6% Jews, 0.6% Russians, 0.5% Hungarians, 0.4% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 82.0% Eastern Orthodox, 14.9% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 107,804 inhabitants, 102,872 in Iaşi and 4,932 in Târgu Frumos, comprising 60.8% Romanians, 33.6% Jews, 0.9% Germans, 0.9% Russians, as well as other minorities. In the urban area, languages were Romanian (72.5%), followed by Yiddish (22.2%), Russian (1.8%), German (0.9%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (61.4%), Jewish (34.4%), Roman Catholic (3.0%), as well as other minorities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iași County.|
- The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
- "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
- "Unul din 25 de ieșeni nu deține acte de identitate" (in Romanian). ziarulevenimentul.ro. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Iași
- Școala Gimnazială „Veronica Micle” din Iași
- Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 246-247