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"I Hear You Knocking" (or "I Hear You Knockin'") is a rhythm and blues song written by Dave Bartholomew. New Orleans rhythm and blues singer Smiley Lewis first recorded the song in 1955. The lyrics tell of the return of a former lover who is rebuffed.

"I Hear You Knocking"
I Hear You Knocking single cover.jpg
Single by Smiley Lewis
B-side"Bumpity Bump"
ReleasedJuly 1955 (1955-07)
Format10-inch 78 rpm & 7-inch 45 rpm records
Recorded1955
StudioJ&M, New Orleans, Louisiana
GenreNew Orleans R&B
Length2:23
LabelImperial
Songwriter(s)Dave Bartholomew[1]
Producer(s)Dave Bartholomew
Smiley Lewis singles chronology
"Bells Are Ringing"
(1952)
"I Hear You Knocking"
(1955)
"One Night"
(1956)

"I Hear You Knocking" reached number two on the Billboard R&B singles chart in 1955, making it Lewis's most popular and best-known song. Subsequently, numerous artists have recorded it, including Welsh singer and guitarist Dave Edmunds, whose version reached number one in the UK Singles Chart for six weeks in 1970 and was in the top 10 in several other countries.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Several earlier blues and R&B songs use lyrics similar to "I Hear You Knocking".[2] James "Boodle It" Wiggins recorded an upbeat piano blues in 1928 titled "Keep A Knockin' An You Can't Get In"[3] which repeated the title in the lyrics. It was followed by songs that used similar phrases, including "You Can't Come In", by Bert M. Mays (1928);[4] "Keep On Knocking", by Lil Johnson (1935); "Keep a Knocking", by Milton Brown & His Brownies (1936); and "Keep Knocking (But You Can't Come In)", by Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys (1938).[5] None of these early singles listed a songwriter or composer.

However, when popular jump blues bandleader Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five recorded the song as "Keep A-Knockin'" in 1939,[6] the single's credits listed "Mays-Bradford" (Bert Mays and Perry Bradford). in 1957, Little Richard recorded it with "R. Penniman", Richard's legal name, listed as the writer, although Bert Mays and J. Mayo Williams were later credited as songwriters.[2] Beginning with his signing by the Los Angeles–based Imperial Records in 1950, Smiley Lewis was one of the main proponents of the emerging New Orleans rhythm and blues style, along with Fats Domino, Lloyd Price, Dave Bartholomew, and Professor Longhair.

Original songEdit

Smiley Lewis recorded "I Hear You Knocking" with Dave Bartholomew's band at J&M Studios in New Orleans, owned by Cosimo Matassa. Bartholomew is listed as the producer and songwriter, along with Pearl King (a Bartholomew pseudonym; the maiden name of his wife). He claims that he wrote it "in the backseat of a car coming out of San Francisco".[7] "I Hear You Knocking" uses a modified twelve-bar blues arrangement, in which the progression to the IV chord is repeated:[8]

I I I I7 IV IV I I7 IV IV V V

It has been notated in 4/4 time in the key of C with a moderate tempo.[9] Instrumentally, the song is dominated by piano triplets in the style of Fats Domino, played by Huey "Piano" Smith.[10] The lyrics echo some of the lines from the earlier songs:

You went away and left me long time ago
Now you're comin' back knockin' on my door
I hear you knockin', but you can't come in
I hear you knockin', go back where you been

"I Hear You Knocking" was released as a single by Imperial Records in 1955. It entered Billboard's R&B charts[11] on September 3, where it spent eighteen weeks and reached number two.[12]

First cover versionsEdit

Also in 1955, actress and pop singer Gale Storm recorded "I Hear You Knockin'" for Dot Records. Her cover version reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, [12] number three on the Cash Box Best-Selling Record chart and became a gold record. Bartholomew believed her version "killed his [Lewis's] record";[7] blues researcher Bill Dahl added, "Storm swiped his [Lewis's] thunder for any crossover possibilities with her ludicrous whitewashed cover of the plaintive ballad".[13] The experience reportedly led Bartholomew to refer to Lewis as a "'bad luck singer', because he never sold more than 100,000 copies of his Imperial singles".[13] English singer Jill Day also recorded the song in 1956, as did Connie Francis in 1959. In 1961, Bartholomew produced Fats Domino's remake of the song.[7]

Dave Edmunds versionEdit

"I Hear You Knocking"
 
Single by Dave Edmunds
B-side"Black Bill"
ReleasedNovember 1970 (1970-11)
Format7-inch 45 rpm record
StudioRockfield, Monmouthshire, Wales
GenreRoots rock
Length2:48
LabelMAM
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Dave Edmunds
Dave Edmunds singles chronology
"I Hear You Knocking"
(1970)
"I'm Comin' Home"
(1971)

Welsh singer and guitarist Dave Edmunds recorded "I Hear You Knocking" in 1970 at Rockfield Studios in Monmouthshire.[14][15][16] Whereas Lewis's original recording is a piano-driven R&B piece with a 12/8 shuffle feel, Edmunds' version features prominent guitar lines and a stripped-down, straight-quaver rock-and-roll approach.[17] In an interview, John Lennon commented, "Well, I always liked simple rock. There's a great one in England now, 'I Hear You Knocking'".[18]

Edmunds plays all the instruments (except possibly bass guitar) and AllMusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine suggests that the song "has a mechanical rhythm and a weird, out-of-phase vocal that qualifies as an original interpretation".[19] Edmunds uses fills and a solo played on slide guitar, and during the instrumental break he shouts out the names of several 1950s recording artists: "Fats Domino, Smiley Lewis, Chuck Berry, Huey Smith!"[20]

The production is notable for its use of heavy compression on nearly all tracks, and for its minimalist piano part, consisting of one chord (augmented dominant C7 chord) played only twice. The vocal was piped in through a telephone line.[21][better source needed]

In December 1970, "I Hear You Knocking" reached number one in the UK, including the Christmas number one slot, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks.[22] It also placed in the top 10 in several other countries, including number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 in 1971.[23] It sold over three million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[24] In 1972, the song was included on his first solo album, Rockpile.

Edmunds had originally planned to record a cover of "Let's Work Together" by Wilbert Harrison, but had to reconsider when he heard a version that had been recorded by Canned Heat. He later recalled:

Then an album of Smiley Lewis was released on United Artists in Britain, and they played "I Hear You Knocking" on the radio in Britain while I was driving along. I thought, "Hang on", the two songs have identical format. You could use the same backing track for both songs. It's just a simple 12-bar thing. So I thought, I'll do that.[25]

Chart performanceEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lewis's single (see image) credited only Bartholomew as the songwriter.
  2. ^ a b Birnbaum, Larry (2012). Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 338. ISBN 978-0-8108-8629-2.
  3. ^ Paramount Records (catalogue number 12662); Sliwicki, Susan. "James Wiggins Came 'Knocking' Long Before Little Richard Did". Goldminemag.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  4. ^ Vocalion Records (catalogue number 1223)
  5. ^ Columbia Records (20228)
  6. ^ Decca Records (7609)
  7. ^ a b c Hannusch, Jeff; Black, Adam (1991). "They Call Me the Fat Man ..." (Box set booklet). Fats Domino. Hollywood, California: EMI Records USA. p. 34. E2-96784.
  8. ^ "I Hear You Knocking, by Smiley Lewis". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Publishing. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  9. ^ Lewis' 1955 recording is in the key of E.
  10. ^ According to Matassa, "Most people think Fats Domino played his own piano but he didn't always. Huey 'Piano' Smith did the piano work on many of Fats' records. He also did the piano intro on Smiley Lewis's 'I Hear You Knockin'". Aswell, Tom (2010). Louisiana Rocks!: The True Genesis of Rock and Roll. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-58980-677-1.
  11. ^ At the time, Billboard published three separate charts. Whitburn (1988), p. 13.
  12. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. pp. 256, 392. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.
  13. ^ a b Dahl, Bill (1996). "Smiley Lewis". In Erlewine, Michael (ed.). All Music Guide to the Blues. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books. p. 165. ISBN 0-87930-424-3.
  14. ^ Prown, Pete; Newquist, Harvey P. (13 June 1997). "Legends of Rock Guitar: The Essential Reference of Rock's Greatest Guitarists". Hal Leonard Corporation. Retrieved 13 June 2019 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Hallas, Tim (1 March 2019). "Inside Rockfield Studios, the legendary Monmouthshire recording retreat". Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Dave Edmunds: still rockin' at 65". 14 April 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2019 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  17. ^ Rolling Stone (2004). "Dave Edmunds". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). New York City: Fireside Books. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.
  18. ^ Wenner, Jann (2001). Lennon Remembers. New York City: Verso Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-85984-376-5.
  19. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2002). "Dave Edmunds". In Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (eds.). All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (3rd. ed.). San Francisco: Backbeat Books. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3.
  20. ^ Wirt, John (2014). Huey "Piano" Smith and the Rocking Pneumonia Blues. Louisiana State University Press. pp. 32, 134. ISBN 978-0-8071-5295-9.
  21. ^ "I Hear You Knocking by Dave Edmunds on Apple Music". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Dave Edmunds – Singles". Official Charts. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Dave Edmunds: Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  24. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins. p. 278. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  25. ^ "Dave Edmunds : Songwriter Interviews". Songfacts.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  26. ^ "Go-Set Top 60: March 27, 1971". Go-Set Charts. Pop Archives. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  27. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts" (in German). ofiziellecharts.de. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  28. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – I Hear You Knocking". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  29. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". www.flavourofnz.co.nz. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  30. ^ "SA Charts 1965–March 1989". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  31. ^ "Go-Set Top Singles for 1971". Go-Set Charts. Pop Archives. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  32. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  33. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts 1971" (in German). ofiziellecharts.de. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  34. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1971". Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  35. ^ "Top 100 1971 - UK Music Charts". Uk-charts.top-source.info. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  36. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1971/Top 100 Songs of 1971". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  37. ^ "Cash Box YE Pop Singles - 1971". tropicalglen.com. Retrieved 4 August 2017.