ISSF 25 meter rapid fire pistol

25 meter rapid fire pistol is one of the ISSF shooting events and is shot with .22 LR pistols. The event has been a part of the Olympic program ever since the beginning in 1896, although its rules changed greatly before World War II, after which they were only slightly changed until the two major revisions of 1989 and 2005. The latter restricted the event to sport pistols, thereby banning .22 Short cartridge (last used in 2004 and replaced by .22 Long Rifle in 2005) as well as encircling grips and low trigger-pull weight. This caused a decline in results, as evidenced by a comparison of the world records under the pre-2005 rules (597) and post-2005 rules (593).

ISSF 25 meter rapid fire pistol
Men
Number of shots2×30 + 40
Olympic GamesSince 1896
World ChampionshipsSince 1933
AbbreviationRFP

Instead of dropping specialized rapid fire pistols, manufacturers designed new pistols, such as the Walther SSP, conforming to the standard pistol requirements, but optimized for the rapid fire event.

Course of fireEdit

 
The centers of the targets are 75 cm apart, and the 10 score zone has a diameter of 10 cm.
 
When paper targets (as opposed to electronic scoring systems) are used, thin scoring rings are printed on the target. The thick aiming lines are present in both versions.

Traditionally, RFP competitions use paper targets that are able to turn 90 degrees to appear to the shooter and then turn back to disappear when the shooting time is up. During the last few decades, these targets have gradually been replaced by electronic devices which use red and green lights to indicate the beginning and the end of the shooting time, and which automatically handle late shots. As these systems are expensive, they are normally only used in international competitions.

A series (or string) consists of five shots fired at one target each within a limited time. The targets stand next to each other at a 25 m distance from the shooter. As with all ISSF pistol disciplines, all firing must be done with one unsupported hand. When the targets appear or when the green light comes on, the competitor must raise his arm from a 45 degree angle starting position and fire his five shots. If a shot is too late, it will score as a miss.

There are three different time limits for the series: 8 seconds, 6 seconds, and 4 seconds. A stage consists of two series of each type, and a full course of fire comprises two such stages, or a total of 60 shots. Since the targets are divided into concentric score zones with 10 being the most central part, the total maximum score is 600.

In major competitions, the top six shooters qualify for a final round of four additional 4-second series, with a shot scoring at or above 9.7 being counted as a hit, or a miss otherwise. The results of the qualification round and the final are added together, and any ties are broken by firing an additional 4-second series.

World Championships, MenEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1933   Granada   Andre Charles Des Jamonnieres J. (FRA)   Cristobal Tauler Alos (ESP)   Luis Calvet Sandoz (ESP)
1935   Rome   Walter Boninsegni (ITA)   Frantisek Pokorny (TCH)   Arturo Gonzalez Costello (ESP)
1937   Helsinki   Karlis Klava (LAT)   Pranas Giedrimas (LTU)   Erik Ljungqvist (FIN)
1939   Luzern   Torsten Ullman (SWE)   Cornelius van Oyen (GER)   Jonas Miliauskas (LTU)
1947   Stockholm   Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)   Constantin Mylonas (GRE)   Sven Lundquist (SWE)
1949   Buenos Aires   Huelet Benner (USA)   Harry Wendell Reeves (USA)   Leonard Ravilo (FIN)
1952   Oslo   Huelet Benner (USA)   Penait Calcai (ROM)   Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)
1954   Caracas   Nikolai Kalinichenko (URS)   William McMillan (USA)   Pentti Linnosvuo (FIN)
1958   Moscow   Aleksandr Kropotin (URS)   Alexander Zabelin (URS)   Stefan Petrescu (ROM)
1962   Cairo   Alexander Zabelin (URS)   Igor Bakalov (URS)   James Henderson McNally (USA)
1966   Wiesbaden   Virgil Atanasiu (ROM)   Jozef Zapedzki (POL)   Renart Suleimanov (URS)
1970   Phoenix   Giovanni Liverzani (ITA)   Ladislav Falta (TCH)   Weselin Petkov (BUL)
1974   Thun   Alfred Radke (FRG)   Heinz Weissenberger (FRG)   Viktor Torshin (URS)
1978   Seoul   Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)   Werner Beier (FRG)   Gerhard Petritsch (AUT)
1982   Caracas   Igor Puzirev (URS)   Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)   Alfred Radke (FRG)
1986   Suhl   Adam Kaczmarek (POL)   Andrzej Macur (POL)   Ralf Schumann (GDR)
1990   Moscow   Ralf Schumann (GDR)   Miroslav Ignatiuk (URS)   Petri Eteläniemi (FIN)
1994   Milan   Krzysztof Kucharczyk (POL)   Emil Milev (BUL)   Ralf Schumann (GER)
1998   Barcelona   Ralf Schumann (GER)   Daniel Leonhard (GER)   Iulian Raicea (ROM)
2002   Lahti   Marco Spangenberg (GER)   Ralf Schumann (GER)   Niki Marty (SUI)
2006   Zagreb   Zhang Penghui (CHN)   Liu Zhongsheng (CHN)   Sergei Alifirenko (RUS)
2010   Munich   Alexei Klimov (RUS)   Zhang Jian (CHN)   Li Yuehong (CHN)
2014   Granada   Kim Jun-hong (KOR)   Oliver Geis (GER)   Li Yuehong (CHN)
2018   Changwon   Lin Junmin (CHN)   Zhang Jian (CHN)   Jean Quiquampoix (FRA)

World Championships, Men's TeamEdit

Year Place Gold Silver Bronze
1937   Helsinki   Finland
Vilho Elo
Erik Ljungqvist
Arvo Odenvall
Jaakko Rintanen
Sulo Cederström
  Lithuania
Pranas Giedrimas
Kazys Sruoga
Antanas Jelenskas
Antanas Karčiauskas
Antanas Mamžeika
  Germany
Fritz Bucherer
Hans Funck
Walter Hartwig
Paul Jasper
Cornelius van Oyen
1939   Luzern   Hungary
Laszlo Badinszky
Lajos Borzsonyi Dr.
Ede Domby
Karoly Takacs
Laszlo Vadnay
  Lithuania
Pranas Giedrimas
Vladas Nakutis
Antanas Mamžeika
Jonas Miliauskas
Antanas Jelenskas
  Germany
Fritz Bucherer
Ludwig Leupold
Walter L.
Cornelius van Oyen
Zindel M.
1947   Stockholm   Italy
Ferdinando Bernini
Bertoni G.
Linari F.
Mazzavillani B.
  Finland
Väinö Heusala
Matti Kallio
Mauri Kuokka
Leonard Ravilo
  Greece
Evangelos Chryssafis
Angelos Papadimas
Constantin Mylonas
Georges Vichos
1949   Buenos Aires   Argentina
Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente
Dionisio Fernandez
Oscar Rosendo Cervo
Enrique Furtado
  Finland
Väinö Heusala
Matti Kallio
Leonard Ravilo
Eino Saarnikko
  United States
Huelet Benner
Hancock W.
Logie C.
Harry Wendell Reeves
1952   Oslo   United States
Huelet Benner
Walter Devine
William McMillan
Harry Wendell Reeves
  Finland
Väinö Heusala
Veli-Jussi Hölsö
Leonard Ravilo
Lauri Toikka
  Argentina
Cabral G.
Oscar Rosendo Cervo
Schack E.
Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente
1954   Caracas   Soviet Union
Evgeni Cherkassov
Nikolai Kalinichenko
Victor Nasonov
Oleg Zhgutov
  United States
Huelet Benner
William McMillan
Thomas Mitchell
Philip Clay Roettinger
  Finland
Väinö Heusala
Pentti Linnosvuo
Leonard Ravilo
Lauri Toikka
1958   Moscow   Soviet Union
Evgeni Cherkassov
Aleksandr Kropotin
Victor Nasonov
Alexander Zabelin
  United States
Huelet Benner
William McMillan
Miller D.
Aubrey Smith
  Hungary
Aladar Dobsa
Jozsef Gyonyoru
Ferenc Kun
Karoly Takacs
1962   Cairo   Soviet Union
Efim Haydurov
Igor Bakalov
Renart Suleimanov
Alexander Zabelin
  United States
James Henderson McNally
William McMillan
Aubrey Smith
Cecil Wallis
  Italy
Ugo Amicosante
Giovanni Liverzani
Roberto Mazzoni
Sergio Varetto
1966   Wiesbaden   Soviet Union
Igor Bakalov
Stanislav Frantsevski
Renart Suleimanov
Alexander Zabelin
  Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Mihai Dumitriu
Marcel Roşca
Ion Tripşa
  East Germany
Gerhard Feller
Gerhard Dommrich
Christian Duering
Lothar Pinnig
1970   Phoenix   Czechoslovakia
Ladislav Falta
Vladimir Hurt
Rudolf Kolinek
Lubomir Nacovsky
  Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Dan Iuga
Marcel Rosca
Ion Tripsa
  Italy
Ugo Amicosante
Roberto Ferraris
Giovanni Liverzani
Silvano Mignardi
1974   Thun   Soviet Union
Yuri Alekhin
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Victor Torshin
Mikhail Ziubko
  Czechoslovakia
Vladimir Hurt
Vladimir Hyka
Jan Kotora
Lubomir Nacovsky
  Romania
Virgil Atanasiu
Corneliu Ion
Marin Stan
Marcel Rosca
1978   Seoul   West Germany
Werner Beier
Alfred Radke
Helmut Seeger
Heinz Weissenberger
  Italy
Rolando Comazzetto
Roberto Ferraris
Gianfranco Mantelli
Alberto Sevieri
  Sweden
Curt Andersson
Ove Gunnarsson
Boo Levin
Ragnar Skanåker
1982   Caracas   Soviet Union
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Igor Puzirev
Sergei Rysev
Vladimir Vokhmianin
  Romania
Gratian Calota
Corneliu Ion
Suliu V.
Marin Stan
  Hungary
Laszlo Orban
Laszlo Nemeth
Gabor Plank
Istvan Szalai
1986   Suhl   Soviet Union
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Oleg Tkachyov
Vladimir Vokhmianin
  Hungary
Csaba Hell
Zoltan Kovacs
Laszlo Orban
  East Germany
Roger Herzig
Peter Schumann
Juergen Wiefel
1990   Moscow   Soviet Union
Miroslav Ignatiuk
Afanasijs Kuzmins
Victor Torshin
  Hungary
László Balogh
Zoltan Kovacs
Lajos Palinkas
  Switzerland
Otto Keller
Anton Kuechler
Hansrudolf Schneider
1994   Milan   Poland
Adam Kaczmarek
Andrzej Macur
Krzysztof Kucharczyk
  China
Meng Gang
Wang Runxi
Zhang Ruimin
  Hungary
Istvan Jambrik
Sandor Kacsko
Lajos Palinkas
1998   Barcelona   Germany
Ralf Schumann
Daniel Leonhard
Lars Uehlin
  China
Ji Haiping
Zhang Penghui
Meng Gang
  Japan
Shoichi Uenosono
Tomohiro Kida
Shuji Tazawa
2002   Lahti   Germany
Ralf Schumann
Marco Spangenberg
Klaus-Dieter Schmidt
  China
Ji Haiping
Liu Guohui
Zhang Penghui
  Ukraine
Oleg Tkachyov
Roman Bondaruk
Taras Magmet
2006   Zagreb   China
Zhang Penghui
Liu Zhongsheng
Liu Guohui
  Russia
Sergei Alifirenko
Sergei Poliakov
Alexei Klimov
  Italy
Marco Liberato
Riccardo Mazzetti
Nicola Nello Pizzi
2010   Munich   China
Zhang Jian
Li Yuehong
Ding Feng
  Russia
Alexei Klimov
Leonid Ekimov
Dmitry Brayko
  United States
Brad Balsley
Keith Sanderson
Emil Milev
2014   Granada   Germany
Oliver Geis
Christian Reitz
Aaron Sauter
  Czech Republic
Tomas Tehan
Martin Podhrasky
Martin Strnad
  Russia
Leonid Ekimov
Alexei Klimov
Alexander Alifirenko
2018   Changwon   China
Lin Junmin
Zhang Jian
Yao Zhaonan
  Germany
Oliver Geis
Christian Reitz
Christian Freckmann
  South Korea
Kim Jun-hong
Song Jong-ho
Park Jun-woo

World Championships, total medalsEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union123318
2  China65213
3  Germany55313
4  United States35311
5  Poland3205
6  Italy3137
7  West Germany2215
8  Sweden2125
9  Argentina2024
10  Romania1438
11  Finland1359
12  Czechoslovakia1304
13  Hungary1236
14  Russia1214
15  East Germany1034
16  France1012
  South Korea1012
18  Latvia1001
19  Lithuania0314
20  Spain0123
21  Bulgaria0112
  Greece0112
23  Czech Republic0101
24   Switzerland0022
25  Austria0011
  Japan0011
  Ukraine0011
Totals (27 nations)474546138

Current world recordsEdit

Current world records in 25 metre rapid fire pistol
Men Qualification 593   Christian Reitz (GER)
  Kim Jun-hong (KOR)
July 30, 2013
July 6, 2014
Osijek (CRO)
Beijing (CHN)
edit
Final 38   Kim Jun-hong (KOR) April 25, 2018 Changwon (KOR)
Teams 1756   China (Zhang, Lin, Yao) September 10, 2018 Changwon (KOR) edit
Junior Men Individual 589   Jean Quiquampoix (FRA)
  Zhu Haojie (CHN)
  Peter Florian (GER)
July 26, 2015
September 10, 2018
September 15, 2019
Maribor (SLO)
Changwon (KOR)
Bologna (ITA)
Final 35   Zhu Haojie (CHN) September 10, 2018 Changwon (KOR)
Teams 1747   China (Zhu, Cheng, Pan) September 10, 2018 Changwon (KOR)

Olympic and World ChampionsEdit

The dominant shooter of the event has been Ralf Schumann of Germany with a total of five major World-level Championship titles, with three Olympic gold medals and two Individual World titles. He is the first and one of the only two shooters to have won a particular Olympic event three times, and is the first of three shooters to have won three individual Olympic titles. Karoly Takacs and Jozef Zapedzki also won two consecutive Olympic titles. Huelet Benner won two consecutive World Championships.

A rare double is that between this rapid fire event and its direct opposite 50 metre pistol; this has only been accomplished by Alfred Lane (completed in 1912), Torsten Ullman (1939), Huelet Benner (1952) and Pentti Linnosvuo (1964), with Lane (both events at the 1912 Olympics) and Linnosvuo using only Olympic titles. Benner, on the other hand, is the only shooter with two titles in both events.

Year Venue Individual Team
1896[a] Athens   Ioannis Frangoudis (GRE)
 
Alfred Lane at the 1912 Olympics
1900[b] Paris   Maurice Larrouy (FRA)
1912[c] Stockholm   Alfred Lane (USA)   Sweden
1920[d][1] Antwerp   Guilherme Paraense (BRA)   United States
1924 Paris   Henry Bailey (USA)
1932 Los Angeles   Renzo Morigi (ITA)
1933 Granada   Charles des Jammonières (FRA)
1935 Rome   Walter Boninsegni (ITA)
1936 Berlin   Cornelius van Oyen (GER)
1937 Helsinki   Karlis Klava (LAT)   Finland
1939 Luzern   Torsten Ullman (SWE)   Hungary
1947 Stockholm   Carlos Enrique Diaz Saenz Valiente (ARG)   Italy
1948 London   Károly Takács (HUN)
1949 Buenos Aires   Huelet Benner (USA)   Argentina
1952 Oslo   Huelet Benner (USA)   United States
1952 Helsinki   Károly Takács (HUN)
1954 Caracas   Nikolai Kalinichenko (URS)   Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne   Ştefan Petrescu (ROU)
1958 Moscow   Alexander Kropotin (URS)   Soviet Union
 
Károly Takács, the first double Olympic Champion, competing in 1961
1960 Rome   William McMillan (USA)
1962 Cairo   Alexander Zabelin (URS)   Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo   Pentti Linnosvuo (FIN)
1966 Wiesbaden   Virgil Atanasiu (ROU)   Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City   Józef Zapędzki (POL)
1970 Phoenix   Giovanni Liverzani (ITA)   Czechoslovakia
1972 Munich   Józef Zapędzki (POL)
1974 Thun   Alfred Radke (FRG)   Soviet Union
1976 Montreal   Norbert Klaar (GDR)
1978 Seoul   Ove Gunnarsson (SWE)   West Germany
1980 Moscow   Corneliu Ion (ROU)
1982 Caracas   Igor Puzirev (URS)   Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles   Takeo Kamachi (JPN)
1986 Suhl   Adam Kaczmarek (POL)   Soviet Union
1988 Seoul   Afanasijs Kuzmins (URS)
1990 Moscow   Ralf Schumann (GDR)   Soviet Union Juniors
1992 Barcelona   Ralf Schumann (GER) Individual Team
1994 Milan   Krzysztof Kucharczyk (POL)   Poland   Joseph Gonzalez (USA)   Germany
1996 Atlanta   Ralf Schumann (GER)
1998 Barcelona   Ralf Schumann (GER)   Germany   Jorge Llames (ESP)   Germany
2000 Sydney   Sergei Alifirenko (RUS)
2002 Lahti   Marco Spangenberg (GER)   Germany   Martin Behrendt (GER)   Germany
2004 Athens   Ralf Schumann (GER)
2006 Zagreb   Zhang Penghui (CHN)   China   Christian Reitz (GER)   Russia
2008 Beijing   Oleksandr Petriv (UKR)
2010 Munich   Alexei Klimov (RUS)   China   Zhou Zhiguo (CHN)   China
2012 London   Leuris Pupo (CUB)
2014 Granada   Kim Jun Hong (KOR)   Germany   Jean Quiquampoix (FRA)   China
2016 Rio de Janeiro   Christian Reitz (GER)
2021 Tokyo   Jean Quiquampoix (FRA)
  1. ^ Only muzzle-loading pistols of .45 caliber. The 25 metre military pistol event, which was won using a Colt revolver, was a separate event.
  2. ^ 20 metre military pistol event
  3. ^ 30 metre dueling pistol event
  4. ^ 30 metre military pistol event

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Historical Results". issf-sports.org. International Shooting Sport Federation. Retrieved 2020-12-11.

External linksEdit