U R Rao Satellite Centre
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The U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), formerly ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) (Hindi: इसरो उपग्रह केंद्र Kannada: ಇಸ್ರೋ ಉಪಗ್ರಹ ಕೇಂದ್ರ) an Indian Space Research Organisation centre for the design, development, and construction of Indian satellites. It was established in the year of 1972 as Indian Scientific Satellite Project (ISSP) in Peenya Industrial Estates of Bengaluru. ISAC has been renamed as U. R. Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) after the former ISRO Chairman and ISAC founding Director Dr. Udupi Ramachandra Rao with effect from 2 April 2018.
|Formed||11 May 1972|
|Jurisdiction||Department of Space|
|Headquarters||Bangalore, in Karnataka, India|
|Annual budget||See the budget of ISRO|
|Website||URSC home page|
Situated in Vimanapura Post of Bangalore, Karnataka, the centre has recently produced and launched its 100th satellite  including the INSAT series, the IRS series, and the GSAT communication satellites.
Organisations under the umbrella of URSC include the Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS) and the ISRO Satellite Integration and Testing Establishment (ISITE).
Like other ISRO centres, URSC is organised under Matrix Management Structure. The centre is divided into many Functional Areas like Control and Mission Area, Electronic Systems Area, Mechanical Systems Area, Reliability and Components Area etc. Each Area is further divided into groups. For instance, Control and Mission area has many groups like Control Systems Group, Flight Dynamics Group etc. Again Groups are divided into Divisions. For example, Control Systems Group has many divisions like Control Electronics Division, Control Dynamics and Analysis Division etc. Apart from this, Project Planning and Evaluation Group, Computer and Information Group, Space Astronomy and Instrumentation Division are independent, also facilities (like Thermovac facility etc.) and Projects (like IRS, INSAT,SATNAV, etc.) also exists.
- Prof Udupi Ramachandra Rao (1976-1984) was the founding director. He was a Padma Bhushan recipient who later became the Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation and held the post of Chancellor at Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram till his last days.
- Col N Pant (1984-1990), a Padma Shri recipient
- Dr K Kasturirangan (1990-1994), a recipient of the three major civilian awards from the Government of India: the Padma Shri (1982), Padma Bhushan (1992) and Padma Vibhushan (2000). He later became the Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation
- Shri R Aravamudan (1994-1997)
- Dr P S Goel (1997-2005), a Padma Shri recipient
- Dr K. N. Shankara, (2005-2008), a Padma Shri recipient
- Dr T K Alex (2008-2012), a Padma Shri recipient
- Dr S. K. Shivkumar (2012-2015), a Padma Shri recipient
- Dr Mylswamy Annadurai (2015-2018), a Padma Shri recipient
- "Bangalore's ISRO Satellite Centre turns forty".
- "ISAC's maiden century".
- "SDSC-SHAR chief Kunhikrishnan appointed U R Rao Satellite Centre's director". Business Standard. 31 July 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "DR T K Alex Appointed as New Director of ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore".
- "S K Shivakumar takes over as Director of ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore".
- "M Annadurai takes over as Director of ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore".