iPhone (1st generation)

The iPhone[10] (retroactively referred to as the iPhone 2G,[11] iPhone 1,[12] or original iPhone[11]) is the first iPhone model and the first smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. After years of rumors and speculation, it was officially announced on January 9, 2007,[13] and was released in the United States on June 29, 2007.

iPhone
Front view
DeveloperApple Inc.
ManufacturerFoxconn (contract manufacturer)[1][verification needed]
Slogan"Apple reinvents the phone."[2]
Generation1st
ModelA1203[3]
First releasedJune 29, 2007; 16 years ago (2007-06-29)
DiscontinuedJuly 15, 2008; 15 years ago (2008-07-15)
Units sold6.1 million
SuccessoriPhone 3G
RelatediPad, iPod Touch (comparison)
TypeSmartphone
Form factorSlate
Dimensions
  • 115 mm (4.5 in) H
  • 61 mm (2.4 in) W
  • 11.6 mm (0.46 in) D
Mass135 g (4.8 oz)
Operating system
CPUSamsung 32-bit RISC ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0[4] 620 MHz
Underclocked to 412 MHz[5]
GPUPowerVR MBX Lite 3D GPU[6]
Memory128 MB eDRAM[7]
Storage4, 8, or 16 GB flash memory
Battery3.7 V 1400 mAh Lithium-ion battery[8]
Display
  • 90 mm (3+12 in) screen (diagonally)
  • 480x320 pixel resolution at 163 ppi
  • 3:2 aspect ratio
  • 18-bit (262,144 colors) LCD
Sound
Rear camera2.0 MP with geotagging (not GPS-based)
Connectivity
Data inputs
WebsiteApple – iPhone at the Wayback Machine (archived June 29, 2007)

Development of the iPhone as a product began in 2005 and continued in complete secrecy until its public unveiling. The device broke with prevailing mobile phone designs by eliminating most physical hardware buttons and eschewing a stylus for its finger-friendly touch interface, featuring instead only a few physical buttons and a touch screen. It featured quad-band GSM cellular connectivity with GPRS and EDGE support for data transfer, and it used continuous internet access and onboard processing to support features unrelated to voice communication. Its successor, the iPhone 3G, was announced on June 9, 2008.

The iPhone quickly became Apple's most successful product, with later generations propelling it to become the world's most profitable company.[14] The introduction of the App Store allowed established companies and startup developers to build careers and earn billions of dollars, via the platform, while providing consumers with new ways to access information and connect with other people.[15] The iPhone largely appealed to the general public, as opposed to the business community BlackBerry and IBM focused on at the time, and, by integrating existing technology and expanding on usability, the iPhone turned the smartphone industry "on its head".[16]

History edit

In 1999, Apple CEO Steve Jobs envisioned an Apple touchscreen product that the user could interact with directly with their fingers rather than using a stylus.[citation needed] The stylus was a common tool for many existing touchscreen devices at the time including Apple's own Newton, launched in 1993. He decided that the device would require a triple layered capacitive multi-touch touch screen, a very new and advanced technology at the time. This helped with removing the physical keyboard and mouse, the same as was common at the time for tablet computers, human machine interfaces and point of sale systems. Jobs recruited a group of Apple engineers to investigate the idea as a side project.[17] When Jobs reviewed the prototype and its user interface, he saw the potential in developing the concept into a mobile phone to compete with already established brands in the then emerging market for touch screen phones.[18] The whole effort was called Project Purple 2 and began in 2005.[19] Apple purchased the "iphone.org" domain in December 1999.[20]

Apple created the device during a secretive and unprecedented collaboration with Cingular Wireless, now part of AT&T. The development cost of the collaboration was estimated to have been $150 million[21] over a thirty-month period. Apple rejected the "design by committee" approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, a largely unsuccessful collaboration with Motorola. Instead, Cingular Wireless gave Apple the liberty to develop the iPhone's hardware and software in-house.[22][23] The original iPhone was introduced by Steve Jobs on January 9, 2007, in a keynote address at the Macworld Conference & Expo held in Moscone West in San Francisco, California.[17] In his address, Jobs said, "This is a day that I have been looking forward to for two and a half years," and that "today, Apple is going to reinvent the phone".[24] Jobs introduced the iPhone as a combination of three devices: a "widescreen iPod with touch controls"; a "revolutionary mobile phone"; and a "breakthrough Internet communicator".[25]

Six weeks prior to the iPhone's release, the plastic screen was replaced with glass, after Jobs was upset that the screen of the prototype he was carrying in his pocket had been scratched by his keys. The quick switch led to a bidding process for a manufacturing contractor that was won by Foxconn, which had just opened up a new wing of its Shenzhen factory complex specifically for this bid.[26]

Release edit

 
An 8 GB iPhone

Six out of ten Americans surveyed said they knew before its release that the iPhone was coming.[27] The iPhone was released in the United States on June 29, 2007, at the price of $499 for the 4 GB model and $599 for the 8 GB model, both requiring a 2-year contract.[17] Thousands of people were reported to have waited outside Apple and AT&T retail stores days before the device's launch;[28] many stores reported stock shortages within an hour of availability. To avoid repeating the problems of the PlayStation 3 launch, which caused burglaries and even a shooting, off-duty police officers were hired to guard stores overnight.[29][27]

Sales to the European market started in November 2007,[30] first in Germany, followed by Britain and then France.[31] Reports suggested that these launches were met with less enthusiasm.[32] In France it was sold by Orange for 649 euros.[33] The iPhone was released in Austria and the Republic of Ireland on March 13, 2008.[34][35]

In Canada, Rogers Wireless announced in April 2008 that a deal was reached with Apple to bring the iPhone to the Canadian market.[36] The original iPhone was eventually not released in Canada in favor of the second-generation iPhone 3G.[37]

 
First iPhone on display under glass at Macworld 2007

Post-release and reception edit

The iPhone's main competitors in both consumer and business markets were considered to be the LG Prada, LG Viewty, Samsung Ultra Smart F700, Nokia N95, Nokia E61i, Palm Treo 750, Palm Centro, HTC Touch, Sony Ericsson W960, Sony Ericsson C905 and BlackBerry.[38][39][40][41]

In July 2023, an unopened, first edition model of the 2007 iPhone was sold at auction in the US for $190,372.80, nearly 400 times the original price. [42][relevant?]

Price drops and revisions edit

The iPod Touch, a touchscreen device with the media and internet abilities and interface of the iPhone but without the ability to connect to a cellular network for phone functions or internet access, was released on September 5, 2007. At the same time, Apple significantly dropped the price of the iPhone 8 GB model from $599 to $399 (still requiring a 2-year contract with AT&T) while discontinuing the $499 4 GB model.[43] After receiving "hundreds of emails" upset about the price drop, Apple gave store credit to early adopters.[44]

A 16 GB model was released on February 5, 2008, for $499, the original launch price of the 4 GB model.[45] Apple released an SDK on March 6, 2008, allowing developers to create the apps that would be available starting in iPhone OS version 2.0, a free upgrade for iPhone users. On June 9, Apple announced the iPhone 3G, which began shipping July 11,[46] with the original iPhone discontinued four days later.

Sales edit

In its first week, the iPhone had sold 270,000 iPhones domestically.[47] Apple sold the one millionth iPhone 74 days after the release.[48] Apple reported in January 2008 that four million were sold.[49] As of Q4 2007, strong iPhone sales put Apple no. 2 in U.S. smartphone vendors, behind Research In Motion and ahead of all Windows Mobile vendors.[50]

As of October 2007, the iPhone was the fourth best-selling handset in the U.S., trailing the Motorola RAZR V3, the LG Chocolate, and the LG VX8300.[51]

Compared to the United States,[32][52] European sales were "sluggish".[53] Although Apple partners called its British weekend launch successful, The Register called it a "flop".[54] According to an analyst, iPhone per-capita sales were one quarter that of the United States[55] and it was reportedly outsold by LG Viewty.[56] In France, the device had reportedly sold 30,000 units in its first week,[33] which was three times as many that were sold in Germany numbering 10,000.[47][57]

The original iPhone was discontinued on July 15, 2008; total sales volume came to 6,124,000 units.

Critical reception edit

The original iPhone received largely positive reviews. Only four writers were given review models of the original iPhone:[58][59] David Pogue of The New York Times,[60] Walt Mossberg of The Wall Street Journal,[61] Steven Levy of Newsweek,[62] and Ed Baig of USA Today.[63] The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal published positive, but cautious, reviews of the iPhone, their primary criticisms being the relatively slow speed of the AT&T's 2.5G EDGE network and the phone's inability to connect using 3G services. The Wall Street Journal's technology columnist, Walt Mossberg, concluded that "despite some flaws and feature omissions, the iPhone is, on balance, a beautiful and breakthrough handheld computer."[64] Time magazine named it the Invention of the Year in 2007.[65] UK-based Mobile Gazette wrote that "Although it has many good points, the list of bad points is equally impressive." It also added "Although the iPhone sold well in the US, when it finally hit Europe sales were not as high as expected, to an extent because European consumers could understand the drawbacks due to a more competitive marketplace."[66]

Hardware edit

External hardware (screens, materials, etc) edit

The iPhone's back cover is made out of aluminum, a soft metal.[67] The iPhone's screen is a 320x480 resolution LCD screen at 163 ppi that measures about 3.5 inches diagonally, much bigger than most other phones at the time, and the iPhone was the first mobile phone with multi-touch technology. The rear camera on the iPhone has a resolution of 2 megapixels and also features geotagging. The iPhone has four total buttons and a single switch: a power and sleep button, a volume up and volume down button, a silent/ringer switch, and a home button positioned in the bottom center of the face of the phone. The home button, when pressed, would send the user back to the home screen from whatever app they were currently using.

Internal hardware (motherboard, system-on-chip, etc.) edit

The iPhone featured a Samsung 32-bit ARM microprocessor, underclocked from its stock 620 MHz to a slower 412 MHz to increase battery life. The iPhone also included several sets of sensors, including an accelerometer, a proximity sensor, and an ambient light sensor. Similar to the iPod Touch, the iPhone also featured a 3.5 millimetre auxiliary headphone jack. The phone also had a 3.7 V 1400 mAh Lithium-ion battery built in it.

Software edit

At the time of its unveiling in January, Steve Jobs claimed: "iPhone runs OS X" and runs "desktop-class applications",[68][69] but at the time of the iPhone's release, the operating system was renamed "iPhone OS".[70]

The original iPhone supported three major versions of the operating system before it was discontinued: iPhone OS 1, 2, and 3. The last update the original iPhone received was iPhone OS 3.1.3, as iPhone OS 3.2 was intended for the iPad.

Software history edit

The original operating system for the original iPhone, iPhone OS 1, featured Visual Voicemail, multi-touch gestures, HTML email, Apple's Safari web browser, threaded text messaging, an "iPod" music and video player app, a dedicated YouTube app and a Maps app powered by Google Maps. It also included basic Phone/contacts, Calendar, Photos, Stocks, Weather, Clock, Calculator, Notes, and Settings apps. However, many features like MMS, apps, and copy and paste were not supported at release, leading hackers to jailbreak their phones to add these features. Software updates from Apple gradually added these functions.

A v1.1 update alongside the introduction of the iPod Touch in September 2007 included an iTunes Store app that was the first new app to be added to the system.

iPhone OS 2 was released on July 11, 2008, at the same time as the release of the iPhone 3G, and introduced Apple's App Store supporting native third-party applications, Microsoft Exchange support,[71] push e-mail, and other enhancements.

iPhone OS 3 was released on June 17, 2009, alongside the iPhone 3GS, and introduced copy and paste functionality, Spotlight search for the home screen, and new features for the YouTube app. iPhone OS 3 was available for the original iPhone as well as the iPhone 3G and 3GS. However, not all features of iPhone OS 3 (like MMS in the Messages app) were supported on the original iPhone.

iPhone OS 3.1.3 was the last version of iPhone OS (now iOS) to be released for this phone in February 2010, which never got the full iPhone OS 3 feature set because iPhone OS 3.2 was intended for the iPad.

Almost all apps released after the release of iOS 6 in late September 2012 do not run on the original iPhone, as the software development kit (SDK) was changed to no longer allow the "targeting" (minimum) of iOS versions older than 4.3 (including 3.x), or ARMv6 devices (first two generations).

See also edit

References edit

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External links edit

New creation iPhone
1st generation
Succeeded by
New creation Mid-range iPhone
1st generation
Succeeded by