II Corps (Ottoman Empire)

The II Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 2 nci Kolordu or İkinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

II Corps
İkinci Kolordu
Active1911–
CountryOttoman Empire
TypeCorps
Garrison/HQTekfur Dağı, Adrianople
PatronSultans of the Ottoman Empire
EngagementsGallipoli Campaign (World War I)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Çolak Faik Pasha
Miralay Nikolai
Miralay Cafer Tayyar Bey (1916-1917[1])
Miralay Kâzım Karabekir Bey (April 8-December 27, 1917[2])

FormationEdit

Order of Battle, 1911Edit

With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the II Corps was headquartered in Tekfur Dağı. The Corps before the First Balkan War in 1911 was structured as such:[3]

  • II Corps, Harbiye, Tekfur Dağı (Mirliva Şevket Turgut Pasha)
    • 4th Infantry Division, Tekfur Dağı (Mirliva Hıfzı Pasha)
      • 10th Infantry Regiment, Tekfur Dağı
      • 11th Infantry Regiment, Tekfur Dağı
      • 12th Infantry Regiment, Hayrabolu
      • 4th Rifle Battalion, Tekfur Dağı
      • 4th Field Artillery Regiment, Tekfur Dağı
      • 4th Division Band, Tekfur Dağı
    • 5th Infantry Division, Gallipoli
      • 16th Infantry Regiment, Gallipoli
      • 17th Infantry Regiment, Malkara
      • 18th Infantry Regiment, Uzunköprü
      • 5th Rifle Battalion, Gallipoli
      • 5th Field Artillery Regiment, Constantinople
      • 5th Division Band, Gallipoli
    • 6th Infantry Division, Smyrna (Miralay Şevki)
      • 16th Infantry Regiment, Smyrna
      • 17th Infantry Regiment, Yemen
      • 18th Infantry Regiment, Sakız
      • 6th Rifle Battalion, Sisam
      • 6th Field Artillery Regiment, Constantinople
      • 6th Division Band, Smyrna
  • Units of II Corps
  • 2nd Rifle Regiment, Yemen
  • 2nd Field Howitzer Battalion, Şam
  • 2nd Engineer Battalion, Adrianople
  • 2nd Telegraph Battalion, Adrianople
  • 2nd Transport Battalion, Constantinople
  • 2nd Medical Battalion, Constantinople
  • Dardanelles Fortified Area Command, Çanakkale
    • 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment, Çanakkale
    • 4th Heavy Artillery Regiment, Çanakkale
    • 5th Heavy Artillery Regiment, Çanakkale
    • Independent Heavy Artillery Regiment, Çanakkale
    • Torpedo Detachment, Çanakkale
    • Mine Detachment, Çanakkale
    • Wireless Detachment, Çanakkale

Balkan WarsEdit

Order of Battle, October 17, 1912Edit

On October 17, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[4]

Order of Battle, October 19, 1912Edit

On October 19, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

  • II Provisional Corps (Serbian Front, under the command of the Vardar Army of the Western Army)
    • Uşak Redif Division, Denizli Redif Division, Smyrna Redif Division

Order of Battle, October 29, 1912Edit

On October 29, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[6]

Order of Battle, November 17, 1912Edit

On November 17, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[7]

Order of Battle, March 25, 1913Edit

On March 25, 1913, the corps was structured as follows:[8]

  • II Corps (Thrace, under the command of the Chataldja Army)
  • II Provisional Reserve Corps
    • Selimiye Redif Division, Aydın Redif Division, Samsun Redif Division

Order of Battle, July 1913Edit

World War IEdit

Order of Battle, August 1914, November 1914, Late April 1915Edit

In August 1914, November 1914, Late April 1915, the corps was structured as follows:[9]

Order of Battle, Late Summer 1915, January 1916Edit

In late Summer 1915, January 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[10]

  • II Corps (Gallipoli)
    • 4th Division, 5th Division, 6th Division

Order of Battle, August 1916Edit

In August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[11]

Order of Battle, December 1916Edit

In December 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[12]

Order of Battle, August 1917Edit

In August 1917, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

Order of Battle, September 1918Edit

In September 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[13]

  • II Corps (Palestine)

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 130. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 162. (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, pp. 372–373.
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 83.
  5. ^ a b Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 170.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 103.
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 128.
  8. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 287.
  9. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 38, 43, 86.
  10. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 109, 126.
  11. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 134.
  12. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 154.
  13. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 197.