Iñapari is a critically endangered indigenous South American language spoken by just four people in Perú along the Las Piedras river near the mouth of the Sabaluyoq river. The language is already extinct in neighboring Bolivia. All four remaining speakers are bilingual in Spanish and none have any children, which will likely lead to its extinction once the speakers die. The Iñapari language currently has a published dictionary.[2]

Native toPeru
Native speakers
4 (1999)[1]
  • Southern
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3inp
Iñapari is classified as Critically Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
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The Pacaguara (Pacahuara) dialect described by Mercier was at least ethnically distinct. (But see Pacaguara language.)

Phonology edit

According to Parker, Iñapari has eleven consonants and six vowels.[2]

Iñapari Consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Glottal
Nasals m n
Plosives p t ʔ
Fricatives s h
Liquids (l) ~ ɾ
Glides w j

The status of the lateral as a phoneme is considered dubious as [l] is found in few words and may be a phonetic variant of /r/.

Iñapari's six vowels are /i e a ï o u/, where /ï/ is a high back unrounded vowel.

Notes edit

  1. ^ Iñapari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Parker, Steve (1999). "A Sketch of Iñapari Phonology". International Journal of American Linguistics. University of Chicago Press. 65 (1): 1–39. doi:10.1086/466374. JSTOR 1265971. S2CID 144667241.

External links edit