I'm Your Baby Tonight

I'm Your Baby Tonight is the third studio album of American singer Whitney Houston released on November 6, 1990, by Arista Records. The album has been certified quadruple platinum in the US by the RIAA.[9][10]

I'm Your Baby Tonight
Whitney Houston I'm Your Baby Tonight Cover.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 6, 1990
Genre
Length53:45
Label
Producer
Whitney Houston chronology
Whitney
(1987)
I'm Your Baby Tonight
(1990)
The Bodyguard
(1992)
Singles from I'm Your Baby Tonight
  1. "I'm Your Baby Tonight"
    Released: October 2, 1990
  2. "All the Man That I Need"
    Released: December 4, 1990
  3. "Miracle"
    Released: April 16, 1991
  4. "My Name Is Not Susan"
    Released: July 21, 1991
  5. "I Belong to You"
    Released: October 18, 1991
  6. "We Didn't Know"
    Released: April 14, 1992
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[3]
Entertainment WeeklyD+[4]
Rolling Stone[5]
The Rolling Stone Album Guideunfavorable[6]
Smash Hits5/10[7]
The Baltimore Sunnegative[8]

BackgroundEdit

By 1989, Whitney Houston had become one of the most successful musicians in the industry, with her last two albums - Whitney Houston and Whitney - having sold a combined 30 million copies at the time. Houston's crossover blend of pop and R&B had helped her to break barriers on pop radio and on MTV, which along with the commercial breakthrough of Michael Jackson, led to the music industry enjoying "the best time for crossover artists since the height of disco in the mid-to-late '70s", according to journalist Frank Rizzo in 1987.[11] Despite this, however, some black critics began to voice their disapproval of Houston's music, especially with her sophomore release, Whitney, which included the number-one hits, the dance pop hit "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)" and, in particular, the rock song, "So Emotional", accusing the singer of "selling out".[12] They also felt that her records lacked the soul of her live performances of the same songs.[13] While attending the 1989 Soul Train Music Awards, Houston's name was jeered by some in the audience after she was announced as a nominee in a category.[14] Houston defended herself against the criticism telling Essence magazine in 1990, "If you're gonna have a long career, there's a certain way to do it and I did it that way. I'm not ashamed of it."[13]

Still, both Houston and her label head Clive Davis agreed to go into a more urban direction as popular music was starting to embrace a new urban pop sound called new jack swing. As the material on her previous albums had been picked by the label, Houston wanted more creative control over the album's content. As a result, Houston would serve as an executive producer for the first time on an album. She recruited the new jack swing production team of L.A. Reid and Babyface, citing their work on Bobby Brown's Don't Be Cruel, to help her with her new direction. The duo would present the songs "I'm Your Baby Tonight", "My Name Is Not Susan", their sole ballad "Miracle" and "Anymore". Houston also recruited longtime idol Stevie Wonder on the album with the two collaborating on the Wonder-composed duet, "We Didn't Know", while longtime friend, singer Luther Vandross, penned the new jack swing-leading "Who Do You Love".

Houston would also produce a song herself, "I'm Knockin'", which was written for her by longtime musical collaborator and the musical director of her concert tours, Rickey Minor and BeBe Winans. Houston would co-produce and co-write another song with Winans titled "Takin' a Chance". Houston and Davis kept previous producers Michael Masser and Narada Michael Walden. With Masser, Houston was received the soft rock song, "After We Make Love", which would end up being their last collaboration together, while with Walden, Houston recorded the songs "I Belong to You", "Lover for Life", and the Linda Clifford ballad "All the Man That I Need", the sole cover of the album. Houston and Walden also worked on songs such as "Higher Love", "Dancing on the Smooth Edge" and "Feels So Good". At the end, "Takin' a Chance" and the three latter Walden productions were left off the album's final track list, except in Japan where "Higher Love" and "Takin' a Chance" were featured.

MusicEdit

I'm Your Baby Tonight's Walden-produced songs are divided by contemporary dance-pop tracks and ornate ballads, while Reid and Babyface's productions reappropriate 1970s black pop and danceable funk with aggressive 1980s dance rhythms.[5] According to AllMusic's Ashley S. Battel, Houston "attempts to make a larger foray into dance music" with this album,[3] while David Browne observed light synthesizer flourishes, thumping drum beats, and "dance-fever settings" throughout.[4] James Hunter of Rolling Stone described the album as "a case study in how much [Houston] can get out of her luscious and straightforward vocal gifts within a dancepop framework."[5] J. D. Considine wrote that Houston's singing on the album features "sultry moans, note-bending asides, [and] window-rattling gospel shouts".[8] Rolling Stone magazine's Jim Macnie said that the album "displayed a slick R&B edge" and features "funk-and-dance-driven pop".[1]

Commercial performanceEdit

In the United States, I'm Your Baby Tonight debuted at number 22 on the Billboard 200 chart, the issue dated November 24, 1990. In its second week, it leaped to number five and the following week reached its peak position at number three. The album spent 22 weeks in the top ten and was on the chart for a total of 51 weeks.[15] It also debuted at number 10 on the Billboard Top R&B Albums chart, the issue date of December 1, 1990, and reached the number one in three weeks later.[16][17] It stayed on the top of the chart for eight non-consecutive weeks and was present on the chart for a total of 53 weeks.[17][18] Due to its great performance on the chart, it became the #1 R&B album on the Billboard year-end charts for 1991.[19][20] The album was certified 4× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America on April 5, 1995, and since Nielsen SoundScan began tracking sales data in May 1991, it sold, as of 2009, 1,728,000 copies in the United States, an amount which does not include copies sold in the first months of release and sales through BMG Music Club.[21][22] It is not its sales total, as the biggest part of the sales occurred between November, 1990, before there was Nielsen SoundScan.

The album was a hit internationally though its sales didn't reach the level as high as the previous two albums, boosting Houston to global super-stardom. In the U.K., it entered the UK Albums Chart at number 6 on November 17, 1990, and peaked at number 4 nine weeks later.[23][24] The British Phonographic Industry certified it Platinum for shipments of 300,000 units on November 1, 1990. In Germany, the album peaked at number three on the Media Control Albums Chart, receiving Platinum certification for shipments of 500,000 copies by the Bundesverband Musikindustrie in 1991. It also reached the top five in other countries such as Austria,[25] Norway,[26] Sweden,[27] and Switzerland.[28] To date the album has sold approximately 10 million copies worldwide.[29]

SinglesEdit

I'm Your Baby Tonight yielded four top-twenty singles on the Hot 100 Singles chart, and six top-twenty singles on the Hot R&B Singles chart between 1990 and 1992. "I'm Your Baby Tonight" and "All the Man That I Need" both reached number 1. This success earned Houston a ranking of number 3 Pop singles artist and number 1 R&B singles artist on the 1991 Billboard year-end charts.[19][30]

The title track, "I'm Your Baby Tonight", was released as the first single from the album in October 1990. While the L.A. Reid/Babyface mix version was released in the United States, an alternate Yvonne Turner mix, labeled the international version or European version, was released in other countries. The single debuted at number forty-two on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the week ending October 20, 1990. Six weeks later, in the issue dated December 1, 1990, it reached number one and stayed there for a week, becoming Houston's eighth number-one single on the chart.[31] It also peaked at number one in the same week on the Hot R&B Singles chart and remained on the top for two weeks, making it her fourth R&B chart topper.[32] In addition, the song peaked at number seven on the Hot Adult Contemporary chart, spending a total of twenty-eight weeks on the chart.[33] The single was certified Gold for shipments of 500,000 copies by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on November 27, 1990.[34] Worldwide it was a big hit during her European promotion in November–December 1990. In Italy, it reached number one on the Musica e dischi singles chart in November 1990 and remained atop for five weeks, becoming her second number-one song on the chart, after 1987's "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)".[citation needed] In the United Kingdom, the single entered the UK Singles Chart at number sixteen on October 20, 1990, and peaked at number five two weeks later, becoming her eighth top ten hit.[35][36] It also reached the top five in many countries such as Austria,[37] Belgium,[38] France,[39] Germany,[40] the Netherlands,[41] Norway,[42] Sweden,[43] and Switzerland.[44] It also went top ten in Australia and Ireland.[45][46] Houston was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female with this track at the 33rd Grammy Awards of 1991.[47]

Houston's remake of a ballad, "All the Man That I Need" was the album's second single, released in December 1990. The single achieved great success on the Billboard charts. It debuted at number fifty-three on the Hot 100 on December 22, 1990, and topped the chart nine weeks later, in the issue dated February 23, 1991.[48] On March 2, 1991, when it reached the number one on the Hot R&B Singles chart, the single enjoyed its second and third week at the top of the Hot 100 and Hot Adult Contemporary chart, respectively.[49][50][51] As a result, it became her first single to top the Hot 100, Hot R&B, and Hot Adult Contemporary chart simultaneously—which "I Will Always Love You" also achieved for five weeks in 1992/93—and overall her third triple-crown hit, after 1985's "Saving All My Love for You" and 1986's "How Will I Know" both reached the top spot on those three charts in different weeks. The RIAA certified it Gold on March 21, 1991.[52] Unlike the United States, it was a modest hit globally. It peaked at number one on the Canadian RPM Top 100 Singles chart for one week and number ten on Belgian VRT Top 30 chart.[53][54] However, it only reached the top twenty in Ireland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.[46][55][56] With this song, Houston received a nomination for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female at the 34th Grammy Awards in 1992, which was her fifth nomination in that category.[47]

After the release of "The Star Spangled Banner" single, "Miracle" was released as the third single from the album in April 1991. It peaked at number nine on the Billboard Hot 100 on June 8, 1991, becoming her thirteenth top ten hit on the chart.[57] It also reached number two and number four, on the Hot R&B Singles and Adult Contemporary chart, respectively.[58][59]

The album's fourth single "My Name Is Not Susan" was released in July 1991. In September, the song peaked at number twenty on the Hot 100 and number eight on the Hot R&B, becoming her fifteenth R&B top ten hit.[60]

A fifth single, "I Belong to You", became a top ten R&B single and garnered Houston a Grammy nomination for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance at the 35th Grammy Awards.[61][62]

"We Didn't Know", a duet with Stevie Wonder, was the sixth and final single from the album, released exclusively for R&B airplay in April 1992. It peaked at number twenty on the Hot R&B Singles chart in the issue dated July 4, 1992.[63] Included on the tracklisting of the album's Japanese edition is a cover of Steve Winwood's "Higher Love", which was resurrected by Norwegian DJ Kygo in 2019, and "Takin' a Chance"; the latter became a success in the country.

Promotion and appearancesEdit

TourEdit

Date Title Details
December 4, 1990 The Arsenio Hall Show
December 11, 1990 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
(Guest Host: Jay Leno)
  • Houston performed "All the Man That I Need" and interviewed by Jay Leno, followed by another performance of "Do You Hear What I Hear?".
January 4, 1991 The Arsenio Hall Show
February 23, 1991 Saturday Night Live
  • Musical guest; performance: "I'm Your Baby Tonight" and "All the Man That I Need".
March 31, 1991 Welcome Home Heroes
with Whitney Houston
May 12, 1991 The Simple Truth:
A Concert for Kurdish Refugees
  • This five-hour telethon broadcast in 36 countries which raised $15 million. The main concert was staged at Wembley Arena, with five satellite sites beaming concerts from around the world.[68]
  • Houston allowed MTV to simulcast her performances of "My Name Is Not Susan", "Miracle" and "Greatest Love of All" at her Oakland, California concert during a telethon held to aid the Kurds.
June 23, 1991 Coca Cola Pop Music
Backstage Pass to Summer
January 27, 1992 The 19th American Music Awards
  • Houston performed a medley of "I'm Your Baby Tonight", "My Name Is Not Susan" and "Who Do You Love" introduced by MC Hammer.[70]
February 16, 1992 Muhammad Ali's 50th Birthday Celebration
May 6, 1992 Whitney Houston: This Is My Life

Track listingEdit

I'm Your Baby TonightStandard edition
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."I'm Your Baby Tonight"
  • Reid
  • Babyface
4:59
2."My Name Is Not Susan"Eric Foster White
  • Reid
  • Babyface
4:39
3."All the Man That I Need"Narada Michael Walden4:11
4."Lover for Life"Sam DeesWalden4:49
5."Anymore"
  • Reid
  • Babyface
  • Reid
  • Babyface
4:23
6."Miracle"
  • Reid
  • Babyface
  • Reid
  • Babyface
5:42
7."I Belong to You"
  • Derek Bramble
  • Franne Golde
Walden5:30
8."Who Do You Love"Vandross3:57
9."We Didn't Know" (duet with Stevie Wonder)Stevie WonderWonder5:30
10."After We Make Love"Masser5:07
11."I'm Knockin'"
  • Minor
  • Whitney Houston
4:58
Japanese edition bonus tracks
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
12."Takin' a Chance"
  • Winans
  • Thomas
4:11
13."Higher Love"Walden5:09

Notes

  • All non-North American countries have the "Yvonne Turner Mix" of "I'm Your Baby Tonight" replacing the L.A. Reid/Babyface original version as track 1

PersonnelEdit

ProductionEdit

  • L.A. Reid - producer (tracks: "I'm Your Baby Tonight", "My Name Is Not Susan", "Anymore" and "Miracle"), arranger
  • Babyface - producer (tracks: "I'm Your Baby Tonight", "My Name Is Not Susan", "Anymore" and "Miracle"), arranger
  • Jon Gass - recording
  • Barney Perkins - recording
  • Donnell Sullivan - engineer
  • Ryan Dorn - engineer
  • Jim Zumpano - engineer
  • Cynthia Ahiloh - production coordination
  • Marsha Burns - production coordination
  • Susanne Edgren - production coordination
  • Janice Lee - production coordination
  • Cynthia Shiloh - production coordination
  • Kevin Walden - production coordination
  • Gar Wood - production coordination
  • Stephanie Andrews - project coordinator
  • Robert A. Arbittier - sound design
  • Louis Biancaniello - drum programming, additional programming
  • Walter Afanasieff - drum programming
  • Ren Klyce - programming
  • Ricky Lawson - programming
  • Jason Miles - programming
  • David Ward II - programming
  • Hubert Eaves III - drum programming
  • Skip Anderson - keyboard programming
  • Donald Parks - keyboard programming
  • John Anderson - arranger
  • Hubert Eaves III - keyboard programming, arranger
  • Whitney Houston - arranger, vocal arrangement
  • Randy Kerber - arranger
  • Robbie Kondor - arranger
  • Ricky Minor - arranger, horn arrangements
  • Billy Myers - arranger, horn arrangements
  • Steve Tavaglione - arranger, horn arrangements
  • Luther Vandross - arranger
  • Narada Michael Walden - arranger
  • BeBe Winans - arranger
  • CeCe Winans - arranger
  • Stevie Wonder - arranger
  • Jerry Hey - string arrangements
  • Susan Mendola - art direction
  • Andrea Blanch - photography
  • Tim White - photography
  • Bernard Maisner - lettering
  • Kevyn Aucoin - make-u
  • Patrick Poussard - make-up
  • Barbara Dente - stylist
  • Ellen La Var - hair stylist
  • George Marino - mastering

ChartsEdit

Certifications and salesEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[96] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[97] Platinum 50,000*
Brazil 250,000[98]
Canada (Music Canada)[99] Platinum 100,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[100] Gold 35,702[100]
France (SNEP)[101] Platinum 300,000*
Germany (BVMI)[102] Platinum 500,000^
Ghana 7,000[103]
Japan (RIAJ)[104] 2× Platinum 400,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[105] Platinum 100,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[106] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Sweden (GLF)[107] Platinum 100,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[108] 2× Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[109] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[111] 4× Platinum 4,150,000[110]
Summaries
Worldwide 10,000,000[29]

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

AccoladesEdit

American Black Achievement AwardsEdit

The Music Award is for the most creative and enduring contribution by a performer in live appearances or as a recording artist. Houston was presented this award for her achievements as an award-winning recording, performing and video artist, for her successful I'm Your Baby Tonight World Tour, for her best-selling video and single of "The Star-Spangled Banner" performed at Super Bowl XXV and for her multi-platinum album, I'm Your Baby Tonight.[112]

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1991 Whitney Houston (herself) The Music Award[112] Won

American Music AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1992 Whitney Houston (herself) Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist[113] Nominated
Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist[113] Nominated
I'm Your Baby Tonight Favorite Soul/R&B Album[113] Nominated
Whitney Houston (herself) Favorite Adult Contemporary Artist[113] Nominated
I'm Your Baby Tonight Favorite Adult Contemporary Album[113] Nominated

Billboard Music AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1991 Whitney Houston (herself) Top Pop Album Artists - Female[19][20] Nominated
Top Pop Singles Artist[19][20] Nominated
Top Pop Singles Artist - Female[19][20] Nominated
Top R&B Artist #1[19][20] Won
I'm Your Baby Tonight Top R&B Album #1[19][20] Won
Whitney Houston (herself) Top R&B Album Artist #1[19][20] Won
Top R&B Singles Artist #1[19][20] Won
"All the Man That I Need" Top Adult Contemporary Single[19][20] Nominated

BRIT AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1991 Whitney Houston (herself) Best International Female Artist[114] Nominated

Grammy AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1991 "I'm Your Baby Tonight" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female[115] Nominated
1992 "All the Man That I Need" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female[115] Nominated
1993 "I Belong to You" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female[116] Nominated

NAACP Image AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1992 HBO Presents Welcome Home Heroes with Whitney Houston Outstanding Variety Series or Special[117] Nominated
"I'm Your Baby Tonight" Outstanding Female Artist[118] Nominated

The CableACE AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1992 HBO Presents Welcome Home Heroes with Whitney Houston Performance in a Music Special or Series[119] Won
Music Special[119] Nominated

Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) AwardsEdit

Year Date Title Format(s) Award description(s) Result(s)
1990 November 27 "I'm Your Baby Tonight" Single Gold[34] Won
1991 January 15 I'm Your Baby Tonight Album Gold[34] Won
I'm Your Baby Tonight Album Platinum[34] Won
I'm Your Baby Tonight Album 2× Multi-Platinum[34] Won
March 21 "All the Man That I Need" Single Gold[52] Won
May 2 I'm Your Baby Tonight Album 3× Multi-Platinum[52] Won
1995 April 5 I'm Your Baby Tonight Album 4× Multi-Platinum[21] Won

Soul Train Music AwardsEdit

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1992 I'm Your Baby Tonight Best R&B/Soul Album, Female[120] Nominated
"All the Man That I Need" Best R&B/Soul Single, Female[120] Nominated

Billboard Magazine Year-End ChartsEdit

Categories which Houston was ranked #1, were excluded. See above awards list for her #1-ranked-categories.

Year Category Work Position
1991
[30]
Top Pop Artists total six charted singles & albums #6
Top Albums I'm Your Baby Tonight #10
Top Album Artists one charted album #11
Top Album Artists – Female one charted album #3
Top Pop Singles "All the Man That I Need" #16
"I'm Your Baby Tonight" #42
Top Pop Singles Artists five charted singles #3
Top Pop Singles Artists – Female five charted singles #2
Top R&B Singles "All the Man That I Need" #18
"Miracle" #24
"I'm Your Baby Tonight" #79
Top Adult Contemporary Singles "All the Man That I Need" #3
"Miracle" #33
"I'm Your Baby Tonight" #50
Top Adult Contemporary Artists five charted singles #6

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Macnie, Jim. "Whitney Houston Biography". The Rolling Stones.
  2. ^ Himes, Geoffrey (November 11, 1990). "Whitney Houston's 'I'm Your Baby' Strong Voice, Weak Material". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 25, 2020. The new album, her first in three years matches her with her best collaborators yet and finally makes a convincing case that she can sing new jack swing R&B numbers.
  3. ^ a b Ashley S. Battel. "I'm Your Baby Tonight". Allmusic. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  4. ^ a b David Browne (journalist) (November 23, 1990). "I'm Your Baby Tonight Review | Music Reviews and News". EW.com. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Hunter, James (January 10, 1991). "I'm Your Baby Tonight | Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  6. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon and Schuster. p. 397. ISBN 9780743201698. the bodyguard rolling stone album guide.
  7. ^ Andrews, Marc. "Review: Whitney Houston: I'm Your Baby Tonight (Arista)". Smash Hits. EMAP Metro (November 28–December 11, 1990): 60.
  8. ^ a b Whitney Houston's latest release never quite ignites - Baltimore Sun
  9. ^ "Whitney Houston: I'm Your Baby Tonight". 45worlds.com.
  10. ^ "Whitney Houston: I'm Your Baby Tonight". riaa.com.
  11. ^ Jaime Weinman (February 12, 2012). "How Whitney Houston changed MTV". Retrieved June 21, 2022.
  12. ^ A History of Soul Music. October 18, 2007. VH1.
  13. ^ a b Duckett Cain, Joy (December 2003). "The Soul of Whitney". Essence Magazine.
  14. ^ "Ebony". Ebony: 112. May 1991. ISSN 0012-9011.
  15. ^ "Billboard 200 chart listing for the week of December 8, 1990". billboard.com. December 8, 1990. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  16. ^ "Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop albums chart listing for the week of December 1, 1990". Billboard. December 1, 1990. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  17. ^ a b "Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop albums chart listing for the week of December 22, 1990". Billboard. December 22, 1990. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  18. ^ Gail Mitchell (December 14, 2002). Arista Aims New Houston Album at 'Core Urban' Fans. Billboard. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Adams wins Billboard single award". Toronto Star. December 11, 1991. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jan DeKnock (December 27, 1991). "Year Ends Well For Country's Hottest Stars (p3)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  21. ^ a b "Whitney Houston RIAA certification awards - 1990s (Part 3)". The Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  22. ^ Gary Trust (August 14, 2009). "Ask Billboard: Madonna vs. Whitney: Who's Sold More?". billboard.com. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
  23. ^ "UK Albums Chart listing for the week ending November 17, 1990". Official Charts Company. November 17, 1990. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
  24. ^ "UK Albums Chart listing for the week ending January 19, 1991". Official Charts Company. January 19, 1991. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
  25. ^ a b "Austriancharts.at – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Norwegiancharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  27. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  28. ^ a b "Swisscharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  29. ^ a b Runtagh, Jordan (September 15, 2017). "Music's 30 Fiercest Feuds and Beefs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  30. ^ a b "Billboard magazine: The Year in Music 1991, Special Double Issue". Billboard. December 28, 1991.
  31. ^ "Hot 100 Singles chart listing for week ending December 1, 1990". billboard.com. December 1, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  32. ^ "Hot R&B Singles chart listing for the week ending December 8, 1990". billboard.com. December 8, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  33. ^ "Hot Adult Contemporary chart listing for the week ending December 15, 1990". billboard.com. December 15, 1990. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  34. ^ a b c d e "Whitney Houston RIAA certification awards - 1990s (Part 1)". The Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  35. ^ "UK Singles Chart listing for the week of October 20, 1990". Official Charts Company. October 20, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  36. ^ "UK Singles Chart listing for the week of November 3, 1990". Official Charts Company. November 3, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  37. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Austrian Singles Chart". austriancharts.at. December 2, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  38. ^ "Belgian VRT Top 30 Chart listing for the week of December 8, 1990". top30-2.radio2.be. December 8, 1990. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  39. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the French Singles Chart". lescharts.com. December 29, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  40. ^ "Media Control Top 100 Singles Chart listing for the week of December 17, 1990". Media Control GfK International. December 17, 1990. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  41. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Dutch Singles Chart". dutchcharts.nl. November 24, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  42. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Norwegian Singles Chart". norwegiancharts.com. October 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  43. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Swedish Singles Chart". swedishcharts.com. November 7, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  44. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Swiss Singles Chart". hitparade.ch. December 9, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  45. ^ ""I'm Your Baby Tonight" on the Australian Singles Chart". australian-charts.com. December 2, 1990. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  46. ^ a b "Irish Singles Chart (searchable database)". irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on June 30, 2006. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  47. ^ a b "Grammy Awards History: Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female". rockonthenet.com. February 20, 1991. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  48. ^ "Hot 100 Singles chart listing for the week ending February 23, 1991". billboard.com. February 23, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  49. ^ "Hot 100 Singles chart listing for the week ending March 2, 1991". billboard.com. March 2, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  50. ^ "Hot R&B Singles chart listing for the week ending March 2, 1991". billboard.com. March 2, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  51. ^ "Hot Adult Contemporary chart listing for the week ending March 2, 1991". billboard.com. March 2, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  52. ^ a b c "Whitney Houston RIAA certification awards - 1990s (Part 2)". The Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  53. ^ "Canadian RPM Top Singles chart listing for the week of March 2, 1991". RPM. March 2, 1991. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  54. ^ "Belgian VRT Top 30 chart listing for the week of February 2, 1991". top30-2.radio2.be. February 2, 1991. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  55. ^ ""All the Man That I Need" on the Dutch Singles Chart". dutchcharts.nl. January 26, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  56. ^ "UK Singles Chart for the week of January 19, 1991". Official Charts Company. January 19, 1991. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  57. ^ "Hot 100 Singles chart listing for the week ending June 8, 1991". billboard.com. June 8, 1991. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  58. ^ "Hot R&B Singles chart listing for the week ending June 22, 1991". billboard.com. June 22, 1991. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  59. ^ "Hot Adult Contemporary chart listing for the week ending June 8, 1991". billboard.com. June 8, 1991. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  60. ^ ""My Name Is Not Susan" on the Billboard charts". billboard.com. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  61. ^ "Hot R&B Singles chart listing for the week ending February 8, 1992". billboard.com. February 8, 1992. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  62. ^ "Grammy Awards History: Best Female R&B Vocal Performance". rockonthenet.com. February 24, 1993. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  63. ^ Hot R&B Singles chart listing for the week ending July 4, 1992. Billboard. July 4, 1992. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
  64. ^ "The Arsenio Hall Show - Season 3, Episode 60: December 4, 1990". TV.com.
  65. ^ "The Arsenio Hall Show - Season 3, Episode 71: January 4, 1991". TV.com.
  66. ^ "Whitney Houston - Welcome Home Heroes With Whitney Houston (1991)". movies.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  67. ^ Whitney Houston Welcomes Home U.S. Troops In Live HBO TV Special On Easter. Jet. April 1, 1991. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
  68. ^ Neil McCartney. "Plot Summary for The Simple Truth: A Concert for Kurdish Refugees (1991)". imdb.com. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  69. ^ "Coca Cola Pop Music Backstage Pass to Summer (1991) (TV)". imdb.com. Retrieved November 1, 2009.
  70. ^ "Rock On The Net: 19th American Music Awards presented in 1992".
  71. ^ "Taping of "Muhammad Ali's 50th Birthday Celebration"". wireimage.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  72. ^ TELEVISION: Hammer Highlights 'Showcase'. Jet. March 2, 1992. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  73. ^ Ann Trebbe (May 5, 1992). "Feeling like A princess, Whitney Houston's new life". USA Today. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  74. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  75. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue nlc008388". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  76. ^ "Whitney Houston: I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  77. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  78. ^ "Top 3 Singles in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 7, no. 49. December 8, 1990. p. VII. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  79. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  80. ^ "Oricon Top 50 Albums: {{{date}}}" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  81. ^ "Charts.nz – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  82. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  83. ^ "Whitney Houston | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  84. ^ "Whitney Houston Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  85. ^ "Whitney Houston Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  86. ^ "The Billboard 200 - Week of March 17, 2012". Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  87. ^ "Whitney Houston Chart History (Top Catalog Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  88. ^ "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 1990". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  89. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1991 - austriancharts.at". Hung Medien. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  90. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  91. ^ "Oricon Year-end Albums Chart of 1991" (in Japanese). Archived from 1991年 アルバム年間TOP100 the original on July 21, 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2011. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  92. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1991". Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  93. ^ "1991 Top 100 Albums" (PDF). Music Week. January 11, 1992. p. 21 – via World Radio History.
  94. ^ "The Year in Music: 1991" (PDF). Billboard. December 21, 1991. pp. YE-12. Retrieved August 5, 2020 – via World Radio History.
  95. ^ "The Year in Music: 1991" (PDF). Billboard. December 21, 1991. pp. YE-17. Retrieved August 5, 2020 – via World Radio History.
  96. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1990 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  97. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  98. ^ Souza, Tárik de (December 25, 1992). "Balada de estio". Jornal do Brasil (in Portuguese): 2. Retrieved April 3, 2020. The theme song is also a leader: the big ballad "I Will Always Love You" occupies the first place for three weeks in the United States and in Brazil, she has sold 250,000 copies with each of her three previous albums.
  99. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Music Canada. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  100. ^ a b "Whitney Houston" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  101. ^ "French album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved April 7, 2021. Select WHITNEY HOUSTON and click OK. 
  102. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Whitney Houston; 'I'm Your Baby Tonight')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  103. ^ "Ghana Protecting Copyrights". Billboard. 107 (5): 68. February 4, 1995. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  104. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved April 7, 2021. Select 1997年2月 on the drop-down menu
  105. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved April 7, 2021. Enter I'm Your Baby Tonight in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  106. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. p. 930. ISBN 978-84-8048-639-2.
  107. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  108. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Whitney Houston; 'I'm Your Baby Tonight')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  109. ^ "British album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 7, 2021.Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type I'm Your Baby Tonight in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  110. ^ Gary Trust (August 14, 2009). "Ask Billboard: Madonna vs. Whitney: Who's Sold More?". Billboard. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  111. ^ "American album certifications – Whitney Houston – I'm Your Baby Tonight". Recording Industry Association of America.
  112. ^ a b Complete List of ABAA Recipients and Honorees - 1991. Ebony. January 1992. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  113. ^ a b c d e "1992 The 19th American Music Awards Winners & Nominees". rockonthenet.com. January 27, 1992. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  114. ^ "The BRITs 1991". British Phonographic Industry. February 10, 1991. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
  115. ^ a b "Grammy Awards: Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
  116. ^ "Grammy Awards: Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. February 24, 1993. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
  117. ^ David J. Fox (October 16, 1991). "NAACP Flap Taints Annual Image Awards, Awards: A local chapter of the group, involved in a conflict with the national organization, vows to seek an injunction against the event. (p2)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  118. ^ David J. Fox (October 16, 1991). "NAACP Flap Taints Annual Image Awards, Awards: A local chapter of the group, involved in a conflict with the national organization, vows to seek an injunction against the event. (p3)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  119. ^ a b "Ace Awards Honor The Best In Cable-TV Programming". The Seattle Times. January 13, 1992. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
  120. ^ a b Dennis Hunt (March 12, 1992). "Year of the Newcomer at Soul Train, Pop music: Color Me Badd, Jodeci and Lisa Fischer sweep key awards during the sixth annual R&B/soul awards competition". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 29, 2010.

External linksEdit