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Hyundai Theta engine

The Hyundai Theta (G4KC) is a gasoline four-cylinder automobile engine family. The third all-aluminum engine of Hyundai Motor Company debuted in the fourth-generation Hyundai Sonata sedan (codenamed NF), which was unveiled in August 2004[citation needed] in South Korea. Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama (HMMA) built a Theta II engine shop on the grounds of their Montgomery, Alabama automobile factory.

Hyundai Motor Company logo.svg      Theta engine
Hyundai Sonata 003.JPG
ManufacturerHyundai Motor Company
ConfigurationStraight 4
Displacement2.0L (1998 cc)
2.4L (2359 cc)
Cylinder bore86 mm (2.0L)
88 mm (2.4L)
Piston stroke86 mm (2.0L)
97 mm (2.4L)
Block materialAluminium
Head materialAluminium
Compression ratio10.5:1 (2.0 L)
10.3:1 (2.4 L)
Fuel systemMPI
ManagementEMS-II from Siemens VDO
Fuel typeUnleaded gasoline
Oil systemPressure feed
Cooling systemWatercooled
Power output107 kW (143.4 hp) @ 6000 rpm (2.0 L)
121 kW (162.2 hp) @ 5800 rpm (2.4L)
Torque output190 Nm (140.1 ft. ibs) @ 4000 rpm (2.0 L)
222 Nm (163.7 ft. ibs) @ 4250 rpm (2.4L)
Dry weight134 kg (2.0L)


Global Engine AllianceEdit

The Global Engine Alliance was a joint venture between Chrysler, Mitsubishi Motors, and the Hyundai Motor Company for developing a line of shared 4-cylinder engines. The initial design of the engine block and cylinder head was handled by Hyundai. However, each manufacturer configured their variants of the initial design differently based on their needs. In 2009, Chrysler bought out Mitsubishi and Hyundai's stake in the joint-venture; however, each company retained rights to build the engines.

Technical detailsEdit


The first version of the Theta Engine had two variants, the 2.0L and the 2.4L.

2.0L - G4KA

The 2.0L version is an inline 4-cylinder engine that carries a bore and stroke of 86 mm and a 10.5:1 compression ratio; the engine makes 143 hp (107 kW; 145 PS) at 6,000 rpm and 140 lb⋅ft (190 N⋅m) of torque at 4,000 rpm. It uses a timing chain instead of belt, and the engine dry weight is 134 kg (295 lb).

2.4L - G4KC

The 2.4L version is an inline 4-cylinder engine that carries a bore of 88.0 mm, stroke of 97.0 mm and a 11.3:1 compression ratio; the engine makes 162 hp (121 kW; 164 PS) at 5,800 rpm and 164 lb⋅ft (222 N⋅m) of torque at 4,250 rpm.[1]

Theta IIEdit

2.0L - G4KD

The engine features hollow stainless-steel dual overhead camshafts (DOHC) with powder-metal cam lobes, pent-roof combustion chambers and shimless bucket tappets in the cylinder head. BorgWarner Morse TEC supplies the complete timing system which uses the company's proprietary silent timing chains. Continuously variable valve timing (CVVT) works on the intake side.

The aluminum alloy engine block, which is formed using a high-pressure die-cast method, has a unique Metaldyne-supplied cassette-type balance shaft module with a two-stage oil pump built-in. In the lower-end, the block is reinforced by a ladder frame. Other notable features include fracture-split sinter-forged connecting rods manufactured by Sinteron and a stainless-steel exhaust manifold.

Theta's EMS (engine management system) software is EMS-II from Siemens VDO and the 32-bit PCM (Powertrain Control Module) calculates the amount of intake air by utilizing a contamination-proof hot-film type MAF (mass air flow) sensor.

The MPI version of the 2.0L Theta engine has a 10.5:1 compression ratio, and it produces 163 hp (122 kW; 165 PS) at 6,200 rpm and 146 lb⋅ft (198 N⋅m) of torque at 4,600 rpm and is available in the Middle East.

The MPI version of the 2.4L Theta engine has a 10.3:1 compression ratio, and it produces 176 hp (131 kW; 178 PS) at 6,000 rpm and 168 lb⋅ft (228 N⋅m) of torque at 4,000 rpm and is available in the Middle East and Europe.


Theta/Theta-II Engine - 2.0L (1998cc)Edit

(G4KA, G4KD, G4KF, G4KH, G4KL)

2011 Hyundai Sonata Limited 2.0T, turbo GDI engine

Theta/Theta-II Engine - 2.4L (2359cc)Edit

(G4KC, G4KE, G4KG, G4KJ,)

2.0T GDI turboEdit

The Theta engine is turbocharged for use in the Sonata 2.0T and Genesis Coupe. The turbo used is a Mitsubishi TD04 model.

In the 2009-2012 Genesis coupe turbo, it produced 210 hp (213 PS) @ 6,000 rpm on 87 octane (AKI) gasoline, and 223 hp (226 PS) on 93 AKI. Torque remains the same at 223 lb⋅ft (302 N⋅m) @ 2000 rpm. In the 2013-2014 model,the engines got upgraded, the new 2.0T now produces 274 hp (204 kW; 278 PS) and 275 lb·ft (373 N·m) torque due to a bigger turbo. The Theta block used is very similar to the Mitsubishi Evolution X 4B11T, as core components like pistons and rods are said to move freely between them,[2] however, the two engines are not identical. The 4B11T is a semi-closed deck block with larger oil and coolant passages, where as the Theta is an open deck block.

The 2.0L GDI turbo in (2011-2014 Sonata) develops 274 hp (278 PS) and 269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m) of torque. The fuel economy is rated at 22mpg (10.7L / 100KM) in the city and 34mpg (6.92L / 100KM) on the highway. It comes exclusively with a 6-speed automatic transmission.

The 2.0L GDI turbo in 2019 Hyundai Veloster N and i30 N develops 271 hp (275 PS) and 260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m) of torque. The fuel economy is rated at 22 mpg (L / 100KM) in the city and 28 mpg (L / KM) on the highway. It comes exclusively with a 6-speed manual transmission.

The 2.0L GDI turbo in 2019 Genesis G70 develops 255 hp (259 PS) and 260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m) of torque. The fuel economy is rated at 22 mpg (L / 100KM) in the city and 30 mpg (L / KM) on the highway. It comes with a 6-speed manual transmission in Sport model trim.

Crate enginesEdit

On 2013-11-05, Hyundai announced the creation of a new factory crate engine program at the 2013 SEMA Show in Las Vegas, which initially included a 2.0-liter, turbocharged four-cylinder engine. The crate engine program began in December 2013.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Aaron Robinson. "2010 Hyundai Genesis Coupe 2.0T Turbo". Car and Driver (May 2009).
  3. ^ Hyundai launches crate engine program with 2.0L four and 3.8L V6

External linksEdit