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Hysteron Proteron Club

Balliol College

The Hysteron Proteron Club, sometimes spelt "Husteron Proteron", was a dining club at Balliol College, Oxford, in the 1920s.

NameEdit

The name referred to a hysteron proteron, a figure of speech in which a natural or rational order is reversed, as in "then came the thunder and the lightning".[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Parson's Pleasure

The main purpose of the Club was to eat meals backwards, and there was at least one dinner per term which began with coffee and liqueurs and ended with the soup course. However, the Club's activities went beyond this. Neville Shute later remembered a meal which lasted for twelve hours, beginning at 9 am and going on until 9 pm, starting with coffee and followed by a naked swim at Parsons' Pleasure, usually a pre-breakfast activity.[2] One dinner was a “circular feast”, at which the courses were, as usual, eaten backwards and each was eaten at a different place around Oxford, beginning and ending at rooms in St Michael's Street.[2]

Graham Greene was a member and told his mother that once a term the club had a "backwards day". He reported that after finishing with porridge "we then returned backwards to Balliol... This morning started with bridge in dinner jackets".[3] Evelyn Waugh, who had been at another college from 1922 to 1924, similarly recalled in A Little Learning that members "put themselves to great discomfort by living a day in reverse".[4][5]

In 1954, Keith Hancock (1898–1988), a distinguished Australian historian, who was at Balliol in the 1920s, revealed that he had "hankered secretly for an invitation to join the Husteron Proteron Club".[6]

AllusionsEdit

In 1999, Peter Brooke, the son of a Club member, referred to the Club during a debate in the House of Commons on the Greater London Authority Bill:[7]

There is an element of usterou proterou, or the Husteron and Proteron club, in the order in which events have been presented. That club existed at the university of Oxford in the 1920s. Once a term, its members lived their lives backwards. They would get up, have a whisky and soda and then play some bridge. They would end up by having porridge late at night. In the Bill, the fact that the advice that various people give the mayor cannot be requested comes before the provisions for appointments and for the terms and conditions of those who are appointed. I understand that Bills have to be constructed in that way, but that does not make them easier to understand.[7]

He mentioned the club again in a debate on the Learning and Skills Bill in 2000,[8] and again in the House of Lords in July 2002.[9]

Notable membersEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ hysteron proteron at merriam-webster.com
  2. ^ a b c d John Hely-Hutchinson, Carol Symphony: the life and times of Victor Hely-Hutchinson, pp. 39-40
  3. ^ a b Norman Sherry, The Life of Graham Greene Volume 1: 1904-1939 (Penguin Books, 1990), p. 120
  4. ^ The New Yorker, Volume 67, Issues 28-36 (F-R Publishing Corporation, 1991), p. 74
  5. ^ John Howard Wilson, Evelyn Waugh: 1924-1966 (Fairleigh Dickinson Unisersity Press, 1996), p. 18
  6. ^ W. K. Hancock, Country and Calling (Faber & Faber, 1954), p. 82
  7. ^ a b Greater London Authority Bill, debate at publications.parliament.uk, accessed 2 August 2016
  8. ^ Learning and Skills Bill, debate at publications.parliament.uk, accessed 2 August 2016
  9. ^ Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Bill at hansard.millbanksystems.com, accessed 2 August 2016