Hypoiodous acid

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Hypoiodous acid is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula HIO. It forms when an aqueous solution of iodine is treated with mercuric or silver salts. It rapidly decomposes by disproportionation:[1]

Hypoiodous acid
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Names
IUPAC name
Hypoiodous acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
UNII
  • InChI=1S/HIO/c1-2/h2H checkY
    Key: GEOVEUCEIQCBKH-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • IO
Properties
HIO
Molar mass 143.89 g/mol
Acidity (pKa) 10.5 (in water, estimate)
Conjugate base Hypoiodite
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references
5 HIO → HIO3 + 2 I2 + 2 H2O

Hypoiodites of alkali and alkaline earth metals can be made in cold dilute solutions if iodine is added to their respective hydroxides. Hypoiodous acid is a weak acid with a pKa of about 11. The conjugate base is hypoiodite (IO). Salts of this anion can be prepared by treating I2 with alkali hydroxides. They rapidly disproportionate to form iodides and iodates.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Holleman, A.F. (2001). Wiberg, Nils (ed.). Inorganic chemistry (1st English ed.). San Diego, Calif. : Berlin: Academic Press, W. de Gruyter. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.