Hypocreales

The Hypocreales are an order of fungi within the class Sordariomycetes. In 2008, it was estimated that it contained some 237 genera, and 2647 species in seven families.[1] Since then, a considerable number of further taxa have been identified, including an additional family, the Stachybotryaceae.[2]

Hypocreales
Cordyceps capitata.jpg
Tolypocladium capitatum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
(unranked): Sordariomyceta
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
Order: Hypocreales
Lindau (1897)
Families

Bionectriaceae
Cordycipitaceae
Clavicipitaceae
Hypocreaceae
Nectriaceae
Niessliaceae
Ophiocordycipitaceae
Stachybotryaceae

Species of Hypocreales are usually recognized by their brightly colored, perithecial ascomata, or spore-producing structures. These are often yellow, orange or red.

Genera incertae sedisEdit

According to the 2007 Outline of Ascomycota, the following genera within the Hypocreales have an uncertain taxonomic placement (incertae sedis), and have not been assigned to any family.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  2. ^ Lombard, L; Houbraken, J; Decock, C; Samson, RA; Meijer, M; Réblová, M; Groenewald, JZ; Crous, PW (2016). "Generic hyper-diversity in Stachybotriaceae". Persoonia. 36: 156–246. doi:10.3767/003158516X691582. PMC 4988370. PMID 27616791.
  3. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007" (PDF). Myconet. 13: 1–58. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  4. ^ a b Poinar GO, Buckley R (2007). "Evidence of mycoparasitism and hypermycoparasitism in Early Cretaceous amber". Mycological Research. 111 (4): 503–506. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.02.004. PMID 17512712.

External linksEdit