Hypholoma capnoides

Hypholoma capnoides[1] is an edible mushroom in the family Strophariaceae. Like its poisonous or suspect relatives H. fasciculare ("sulphur tuft") and H. lateritium ("brick caps"), H. capnoides grows in clusters on decaying wood,[2] for example in tufts on old tree stumps, in North America, Europe, and Asia.[2]

Hypholoma capnoides
Hypholoma-capnoides.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Hypholoma
Species:
H. capnoides
Binomial name
Hypholoma capnoides
(Fr.) P.Kumm. (1871)
Synonyms
  • Agaricus capnoides Fr. (1818)
Hypholoma capnoides
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe has a ring
spore print is brown
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible but not recommended

EdibilityEdit

Though edible,[3] the poisonous sulphur tuft is more common in many areas. H. capnoides has greyish gills due to the dark color of its spores, whereas sulphur tuft has greenish gills. It could also perhaps be confused with the deadly Galerina marginata or the good edible Kuehneromyces mutabilis.[4]

DescriptionEdit

  • Cap: Up to 6 cm in diameter with yellow-to-orange-brownish or matt yellow colour, sometimes viscid.[2]
  • Gills: Initially pale orangish-yellow, pale grey when mature, later darker purple/brown.
  • Spore powder: Dark burgundy/brown.
  • Stipe: Yellowish, somewhat rust-brown below.
  • Taste: Mild (other Hypholomas mostly have a bitter taste).[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kummer P (1871) Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 72.
  2. ^ a b c Trudell, Steve; Ammirati, Joe (2009). Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. Timber Press Field Guides. Portland, OR: Timber Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-88192-935-5.
  3. ^ Phillips, Roger (2010). Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-55407-651-2.
  4. ^ a b Gerhardt E (2006) BLV Handbuch Pilze. BLV, München. Seite 244. ISBN 3-8354-0053-3.