Hynobius sonani

Hynobius sonani, the Taichu salamander, is a species of salamander in the family Hynobiidae, endemic to Taiwan, where it occurs in the Central Mountain Range above 2,750 m (9,020 ft).[1] Its natural habitats are from open alpine habitats to shaded moist evergreen forests; it breeds in streams.[2]

Hynobius sonani
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Hynobiidae
Genus: Hynobius
H. sonani
Binomial name
Hynobius sonani
(Maki, 1922)

Salamandrella sonani Maki, 1922

Adult males are 98–129 mm (3.9–5.1 in) and females are 90–105 mm (3.5–4.1 in) in length.[3]

The original specimens used to describe H. sonani (along with H. arisanensis and H. formosanus) were lost in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.[4]

Hynobius sonani has very fragmented distribution and is threatened by habitat loss, mainly caused by the development of infrastructure for tourism.[1] It is present in Taroko National Park.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Lue, Kuangyang; Chou, Wenhao (2004). "Hynobius sonani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T59102A11880657. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T59102A11880657.en.
  2. ^ Lue, Kuang-Yang. "Hynobius sonani". BiotaTaiwanica. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  3. ^ Fei, L. (1999). Atlas of Amphibians of China (in Chinese). Zhengzhou: Henan Press of Science and Technology. p. 26. ISBN 7-5349-1835-9.
  4. ^ Lai, June-Shiang; Lue, Kuang-Yang (2008). "Two new Hynobius (Caudata: Hynobiidae) salamanders from Taiwan". Herpetologica. 64 (1): 63–80. doi:10.1655/06-065.1. JSTOR 25209100.