Hyderabad district, India

Hyderabad district is a district in the state of Telangana in India that contains a part of the metropolitan area of Hyderabad. It is headed by a district collector who is drawn from the IAS cadre and is appointed by the state government. It is the smallest of all the districts in the state, but has the highest human density. Old MCH area, which is central region of Hyderabad city comes under this district.

Hyderabad district
Panorama of Charminar complex
Panorama of Charminar complex
Location of Hyderabad district in Telangana
Location of Hyderabad district in Telangana
Coordinates (Hyderabad): 17°21′58″N 78°28′34″E / 17.366°N 78.476°E / 17.366; 78.476
Country India
StateTelangana
HeadquartersHyderabad
Government
 • District collectorSmt. Sweta Mohanty, IAS[1]
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Hyderabad, 2. Secunderabad
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1.Musheerabad, 2.Malakpet, 3.Amberpet, 4.Khairatabad, 5.Jubilee Hills, 6.Sanathnagar, 7.Karwan, 8.Nampally, 9.Goshamahal, 10.Charminar, 11.Chandrayangutta, 12.Yakutpura, 13.Bahadurpura, 14.Secunderabad, 15.Secunderabad Cantt.
Area
 • District of Telangana217 km2 (84 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • District of Telangana3,943,323
 • Density18,000/km2 (47,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
100%
Demographics
 • Literacy83.25%
 • Sex ratio954
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-44, NH-65, NH-163, NH-765,
Average annual precipitation786.8 mm
Websitewww.hyderabad.telangana.gov.in

HistoryEdit

Hyderabad district was formed in 1948 after Operation Polo by merging Atraf-a-Balda District and Baghat District. Baghat was previously a Taluk in Atraf-e-Balda District, and was made a separate district in 1931–34 under the subedar of Medak division. After formation of Andhra Pradesh by merging Telugu speaking of Hyderabad state in 1956 Hyderabad district boundary was altered Tandur Taluka which is Telugu speaking region of Gulbarga district was merged in Hyderabad district and Parigi Taluka of Mahabubnagar district and Vikarabad Taluka of Medak District also merged in Hyderabad district.[2] In 1978 Hyderabad district was later split into Hyderabad Urban District and Hyderabad Rural District.Hyderabad Urban District was made by 4 Talukas are Charminar, Golkonda, Mushirabad and Secunderabad Talukas. Hyderabad rural district was later renamed as Ranga Reddy District.[3] Hyderabad Urban district subdivided in 16 Mandals in 1985 and consist of 2 Revenue division[4][5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Hyderabad District includes the area of the core area Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Secunderabad Cantonment, and Osmania University. There are 16 administrative areas called mandals (or tehsils) in Hyderabad. They are:[6][7]

# Hyderabad revenue division # Secunderabad revenue division
1 Amberpet 10 Ameerpet
2 Asifnagar 11 Khairtabad
3 Bahadurpura 12 Marredpally
4 Bandlaguda 13 Musheerabad
5 Charminar 14 Saidabad
6 Golconda 15 Secunderabad
7 Himayathnagar 16 Trimulgherry
8 Nampally
9 Shaikpet

Hyderabad district comprises 15 Assembly constituencies in the core of the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation.[8]

GeographyEdit

 
Hyderabad District IND

Hyderabad district occupies an area of approximately 217 square kilometres (84 sq mi).[9]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Hyderabad district (2011)
Hindus
51.45%
Muslims
43.89%
Christians
2.22%
Others
2.64%

In the 2011 census Hyderabad district's population was 3,943,323, with a religious make-up of: Hindus (51.45%), Muslims (43.89%), Christians (2.22%), Jains (0.5%), Sikhs (0.29%) and Buddhists (0.03%);[10] 1.58% did not state any religion.[11] It is roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[12] or the US state of Oregon.[13]

This gives it a ranking of 57th in India (out of a total of 640).[14] The district has a population density of 18,480 inhabitants per square kilometre (47,900/sq mi) .[14] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 4.71%.[14] Hyderabad has a sex ratio of 943 females for every 1000 males,[14] and a literacy rate of 80.96%.[14]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901499,082—    
1911627,720+2.32%
1921556,913−1.19%
1931588,217+0.55%
1941810,790+3.26%
19511,083,634+2.94%
19611,191,668+0.95%
19711,682,284+3.51%
19812,251,009+2.96%
19913,145,939+3.40%
20013,829,753+1.99%
20113,943,323+0.29%
source:[15]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Hyderabad (Begumpet Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1951–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
39.1
(102.4)
42.2
(108.0)
43.3
(109.9)
44.5
(112.1)
45.5
(113.9)
37.4
(99.3)
36.2
(97.2)
36.1
(97.0)
36.7
(98.1)
34.0
(93.2)
34.2
(93.6)
45.5
(113.9)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
32.4
(90.3)
35.9
(96.6)
38.1
(100.6)
39.4
(102.9)
34.9
(94.8)
31.3
(88.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.8)
29.6
(85.3)
28.7
(83.7)
32.7
(90.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
25.3
(77.5)
28.6
(83.5)
31.3
(88.3)
33.0
(91.4)
29.7
(85.5)
27.0
(80.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
21.9
(71.4)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.4
(75.9)
26.3
(79.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.3
(72.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.4
(63.3)
15.1
(59.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Record low °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.9
(48.0)
13.2
(55.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.7
(62.1)
17.8
(64.0)
18.6
(65.5)
18.7
(65.7)
17.8
(64.0)
11.7
(53.1)
7.4
(45.3)
7.1
(44.8)
6.1
(43.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.3
(0.37)
9.2
(0.36)
17.8
(0.70)
21.7
(0.85)
31.7
(1.25)
111.2
(4.38)
179.2
(7.06)
207.0
(8.15)
132.9
(5.23)
103.6
(4.08)
26.1
(1.03)
4.9
(0.19)
854.6
(33.65)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.8 2.4 6.9 10.0 11.5 7.6 5.5 1.6 0.4 49.9
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 40 32 28 28 30 51 64 69 65 56 48 43 46
Mean monthly sunshine hours 272.8 265.6 272.8 276.0 279.0 180.0 136.4 133.3 162.0 226.3 243.0 251.1 2,698.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.8 9.4 8.8 9.2 9.0 6.0 4.4 4.3 5.4 7.3 8.1 8.1 7.4
Source 1: India Meteorological Department (sun 1971–2000)[16][17][18]
Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010)[19]


GovernmentEdit

The collectorate administers the district on behalf of the state government. The Hyderabad District does not have elected officials at the district level due to the absence of a Zilla Parishad (District Legislature) although it has representations at the state (MLA) and Union level legislature (MP). In addition the entire district is contained within the jurisdiction of the GHMC, the city administration. Representatives are popularly elected to various wards of GHMC.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ hyderabad.telangana.gov.in/about-district/whos-who/
  2. ^ "Hyderabad Legislative Assembly". ECI. AP Legislature. Archived from the original on 4 August 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Welcome to Revenue Department". Revenue Department, Hyderabad. 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Part-I State Administrative Divisions 2001–2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 4,12. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  7. ^ "K Chandrasekhar Rao appoints collectors for new districts". Deccan Chronicle. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  8. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/news/Voters-exceed-Hyderabads-population/articleshow/33715435.cms
  9. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ [1] Hyderabad District Religion Census 2011
  11. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 11 May 2016. On this page, select "Andhra Pradesh" from the download menu. "District – Hyderabad" is at line 672 of the excel file.
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,943,323
  14. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  15. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  16. ^ "Station: Hyderabad (A) Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 331–332. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India" (PDF). Daily Normals of Global & Diffuse Radiation (1971–2000). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  19. ^ "Normals Data: Hyderabad Airport - India Latitude: 17.45°N Longitude: 78.47°E Height: 530 (m)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 29 February 2020.

External linksEdit