Hwaetberht (died 740s) was abbot of Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Priory, where he had served as a monk.

He was elected to succeed Abbot Ceolfrith in 716 or 717 when Ceolfrith set off on a pilgrimage to Rome. Bede reports that Hwaetberht had himself made a pilgrimage to Rome, "and had stayed there a good long while, learning, copying down and bringing back with him all that he thought necessary for his studies" during the papacy of Sergius I (687–701). Bede's De temporum ratione is dedicated to Hwaetberht, so Bede appears to have regarded him highly.[1] A letter from Saint Boniface to Hwaetberht dated to circa 747 has survived in the Boniface Correspondence, placing Hwaetberht's death after that date. In the letter (Tangl 76), Boniface asks Hwaetberth to send him "the treatises of the monk Bede, that profound student of the Scriptures"; he also asks him to send him a cloak: "it would be of great comfort to me in my journeys". In return, he sent Hwaetberht a "coverlet" made of goat hair.[2]

It was during Hwaetberht's time that the remains of Abbots Sigfrith and Eosterwine were reburied alongside those of Benedict Biscop next to the main altar at Monkwearmouth.

In the preface to the fourth book of his commentary on I Samuel (In primam partem Samuhelis), Bede associates Hwaetberht with the Latinate name Eusebius, which seems therefore to have been an alternative name taken by Hwaetberht (citing Bede, De natura rerum, ed. D. Hurst, CCSL 119 (Turnhout 1962) 212.). For this reason, it has been inferred that Hwaetberht was the author of a collection of sixty Latin riddles known as the Enigmata Eusebii. These were written as a supplement to forty riddles written earlier by Tatwine, Archbishop of Canterbury.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mercedes Salvador-Bello, 'Patterns of Compilation in Anglo-Latin Enigmata and the Evidence of A Source-Collection in Riddles 1-40 of the Exeter Book, Viator, 43 (2012), 339–374 (p. 340 n. 3). 10.1484/J.VIATOR.1.102554.
  2. ^ Talbot, C. H. (1954). The Anglo-Saxon Missionaries in Germany, Being the Lives of SS. Willibrord, Boniface, Leoba and Lebuin together with the Hodoepericon of St. Willibald and a selection from the correspondence of St. Boniface. London and New York: Sheed and Ward.
  3. ^ Mercedes Salvador-Bello, 'Patterns of Compilation in Anglo-Latin Enigmata and the Evidence of A Source-Collection in Riddles 1-40 of the Exeter Book, Viator, 43 (2012), 339–374 (p. 340 n. 3). 10.1484/J.VIATOR.1.102554.

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Preceded by Abbot of Jarrow
716/7–740s
Succeeded by
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