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Husum (North Frisian: Hüsem) is the capital of the Kreis (district) Nordfriesland in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The town was the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Storm, who coined the epithet "the grey town by the sea". It is also the home of the annual international piano festival Raritäten der Klaviermusik (Rarities of Piano Music) founded in 1986.[2]

Husum
Husum
Husum
Coat of arms of Husum
Coat of arms
Location of Husum within Nordfriesland district
Husum in NF.PNG
Husum is located in Germany
Husum
Husum
Husum is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Husum
Husum
Coordinates: 54°28′0″N 9°3′0″E / 54.46667°N 9.05000°E / 54.46667; 9.05000Coordinates: 54°28′0″N 9°3′0″E / 54.46667°N 9.05000°E / 54.46667; 9.05000
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
DistrictNordfriesland
Government
 • MayorUwe Schmitz
Area
 • Total25.82 km2 (9.97 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total23,274
 • Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
25801–25813
Dialling codes04841
Vehicle registrationNF
Websitehusum.de

Contents

HistoryEdit

Husum was first mentioned as Husembro in 1252, when king Abel was murdered.[citation needed]

Like most towns on the North Sea, Husum was always strongly influenced by storm tides. In 1362 a disastrous storm tide, the "Grote Mandrenke" flooded the town and carved out the inland harbour. Before this date Husum was not situated directly on the coast. The people of the city took advantage of this opportunity and built a marketplace, which led to a great economic upturn.

Between 1372 and 1398 the population of Husum grew rapidly, and two villages, Oster-Husum (East-Husum) and Wester-Husum (West-Husum), were founded.

The name Husum is first mentioned in 1409.[citation needed] It is shown on the Carta Marina in the Frisian form of Husem.

GeographyEdit

Husum is located on the North Sea by the Bay of Husum; 82 km W of Kiel, 139 km NW of Hamburg and 43 km SW of Flensburg.

SubdivisionsEdit

  • Zentrum
  • Nordhusum
  • Porrenkoog (Danish: Porren Kog)
  • Osterhusum (Danish: Øster Husum), Osterhusumfeld
  • Altstadt
  • Norderschlag
  • Dreimühlen
  • Rödemis (Danish: Rødemis, North Frisian: Rööms)
  • Fischersiedlung
  • Neustadt (Danish: Nystad)
  • Gewerbegebiet
  • Kielsburg
  • Rosenburg
  • Schobüll (Danish: Skobøl, North Frisian: Schööbel)
  • Halebüll (Danish: Halebøl, North Frisian: Hälbel)
  • Hockensbüll (Danish: Hokkensbøl, North Frisian: Hukensbel)
  • Lund

CultureEdit

Being a tourist resort and the gateway to the North Frisian Islands, Husum offers many cultural features.

Festival Raritäten der KlaviermusikEdit

This international festival of rare piano music, specialising in unknown classical piano music, was founded in 1986 by Peter Froundjian, and takes place in the town's castle.[2]

 
Shipping museum

MuseumsEdit

The Theodor-Storm-Haus (Wasserreihe 31) was the house of Theodor Storm. It is home to an exhibition about the novelist and his works. The Schifffahrtsmuseum Nordfriesland (Zingel 15) shows ships from the Middle Ages to the present. The models on display give a good impression of life on the coast and at sea. The Ostenfelder Bauernhaus (Nordhusumer Str.13) is an old farmhouse and the oldest open-air museum in Germany.

 
Marienkirche

SightsEdit

Marienkirche (Saint Mary), collapsed 1807, re-erected 1833 The Schloss vor Husum, 1582, was a residence of the dukes of Holstein-Gottorp Old Town Hall, 1601 New Town Hall, 1988/1989

 
Schloss vor Husum
 
Market of Husum with the church (Marienkirche) and the Tine-Well

ClubsEdit

The Spielmannszug Rödemis is a famous marching band from the district of Rödemis. Husum is also home of two football clubs, the Husumer SV and the Rödemisser SV.[citation needed] Husum Cricket Club is based at the Mikkelberg-Kunst-und-Cricket Center which has in the past hosted international women's cricket matches. The ground is located in nearby Hattstedt.[3]

TwinningEdit

Husum is twinned with:[4][5]

InfrastructureEdit

Husum station is located on the WesterlandHamburg line (Marsh Railway), the Husum–Bad St. Peter-Ording line to the Eiderstedt peninsula and the Husum–Jübek line, which connects to the Neumünster–Flensburg line and Kiel.

EducationEdit

Grammar schoolsEdit

  • Hermann-Tast-Schule, humanistic grammar school since 1527, one of the oldest schools in the state of Schleswig-Holstein.[6]
  • Theodor-Storm-Schule

High schoolsEdit

  • Gemeinschaftsschule Husum-Nord
  • Ferdinand-Tönnies-Schule
  • Husum Danske Skole ( Danish School)

Elementary schoolsEdit

  • Iven-Agßen-Schule, since 1619, one of the oldest elementary schools in Germany.
  • Bürgerschule
  • Klaus-Groth-Schule
  • Bornschool in Schobüll

Notable residentsEdit

 
Theodor Storm (1817-1888)
 
Fanny zu Reventlow
 
Janina Uhse, 2012

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2017 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ a b Festival web site
  3. ^ "Ground profile: Mikkelberg-Kunst-und-Cricket Center". CricketArchive. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  4. ^ Our Twinning Story
  5. ^ Twin cities of Husum(in German)
  6. ^ Killy, Walther (2005-01-01). Schmidt - Theyer. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783110966299.
  7. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana, Reventlow, Ernst, Count retrieved 12 November 2018
  8. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 12 November 2018

SourcesEdit

  • Riewerts, Brar V. (1969). Die Stadt Husum in Geschichte und Gegenwart (in German). Husum: Hermann Hansen.
  • Brandt, Otto (1925 (8. Aufl. 1981)). Geschichte Schleswig-Holsteins (in German). Kiel: Mühlau. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  • "Husum", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 1, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1875, pp. 707–

External linksEdit