Hussam al-Din al-Jarrahi

Hussam al-Din al-Jarrahi (Arabic: حسام الدين الجراحي‎; died 1202 CE)[1][2] was an emir and the personal physician of Saladin, who founded the Ayyubid dynasty and rose to become a prominent Muslim leader during the Crusades. Due to his extensive work in medicine, Hussam received the title of jarrah (جراح‎), meaning "healer" or "surgeon" in the Arabic language.[3][4]


Hussam al-Din al-Jarrahi
حسام الدين الجراحي
BornUnknown
Died1202 CE (Ṣafar 598 AH)
Burial placeSheikh Jarrah, Jerusalem
OccupationEmir, physician

Although his exact date of birth is unknown, Hussam was primarily active during the 12th century; he established a Sufi-focused zawiya known as the Zawiya Jarrahiyya in Jerusalem.[5] Hussam was buried on the grounds of the school, which is today located in the East Jerusalem neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah, for which he serves as the namesake.[6] In 1202, a tomb was built on his burial site and subsequently became a destination for Muslim mystics and visitors.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ali, Arafa Abdo (2007). القدس العتيقة مدينة التاريخ والمقدسات (in Arabic). General Authority for Cultural Palaces. p. 53. ISBN 978-977-437-181-3. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  2. ^ Mohammed, Murad (2008). القدس بين الاجتثاث الصهيوني والمهادنة الدولية (in Arabic). Dar Al-Mawasim. p. 28. ISBN 978-9953-508-06-1. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  3. ^ The Sheikh Jarrah Affair: The Strategic Implications of Jewish Settlement in an Arab Neighborhood in East Jerusalem Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, JIIS Studies Series no. 404, 2010. Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. On [1] Archived 2016-03-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Marim Shahin (2005). Palestine: A Guide. Interlink Books. pp. 328–329. ISBN 1-56656-557-X.
  5. ^ Hawari, M. (2007). Ayyubid Jerusalem (1187-1250): an architectural and archaeological study (Illustrated ed.). Archaeopress. ISBN 9781407300429. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  6. ^ Hussain, Jumea (2010). من القدس الى غزة: دراسة فكرية وسياسية (in Arabic). Arab Writers Union. p. 67. ISBN 978-9933-428-75-4. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  7. ^ Kark, R. and Shimon Landman, The establishment of Muslim neighbourhoods outside the Old City during the late Ottoman period, Palestine Exploration Quarterly, vol 112, 1980, pp 113–135.