Hungarian Ground Forces
The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian Defence Forces. It is the army which handles Ground activities and troops including artillery, tanks, APC's, IFV's and ground support. Hungary's Ground forces served in Iraq, and are currently in service in Afghanistan and KFOR.
|Hungarian Ground Forces|
|Magyar Szárazföldi Haderő|
|Allegiance||Hungarian Defence Forces|
|Part of||Hungarian Defence Forces|
|Colors||Red, White and Green|
|Lieutenant General Dr Gábor Böröndi|
Previous Hungarian ground forces have included the Royal Hungarian Landwehr, the Royal Hungarian Army and the ground force components of the Hungarian People's Army. Hungary was supported by the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and a member of the Warsaw Pact. Since the Soviet Union's fall in 1991, Hungary reduced numbers of tanks and troops, and closed garrisons. The Hungarian Army now deals with national security, peacekeeping and international conflicts. Hungary joined NATO in 1999.
In 1963, the Ground Forces included the 5th Army of Hungary, formed in 1961, at Székesfehérvár. This formation included the 7th Motor Rifle Division at Kiskunfélegyháza, the 8th Motor Rifle Division at Zalaegerszeg, the 9th Motor Rifle Division at Kaposvár, and the 11th Tank Division at Tata. This Formation also included the 34th Special Reconnaissance Battalion at Székesfehérvár, which was also a sub unit of the 5th Army. The other big combat formation of the Ground Forces were the 3rd Army Corps at Cegléd (with the 4th Motor Rifle Division at Gyöngyös and the 15th Motor Rifle Division at Nyíregyháza).
Michael Holm writes that the 3rd Army Corps at Cegléd, Military Unit Number 6639, (see hu:3. Hadtest, with the 66th Communications Battalion and 3rd Security Battalion both at Cegled, 4th Motor Rifle Division at Gyöngyös and the 15th Motor Rifle Division at Nyíregyháza) was established on 1 November 1966, and was identically organised in 1970 and 1980, but by 1988 was reorganised to consist of four mechanised infantry, one tank brigades, and one artillery brigade and three artillery regiments (AA Missile; Anti-Aircraft Artillery; and Anti-Tank Artillery), plus other smaller units.
With the fall of the Warsaw Pact both 5th Army and the 3rd Mechanised Corps were disbanded in 1991.
As of 2020, the main combat formations of the HDF Land Command are:
- 1st Explosive Ordnance Disposal and River Flotilla Regiment "Honvéd", at Újpest military port in Budapest
- 1st Explosive Ordnance Disposal Company
- Special Explosive Ordnance Disposal Company
- River Flotilla
- Explosive Ordnance Disposal K-9 Company
- Logistics Company
- Logistics Battalion
- Training Company
- 2nd Special Forces Brigade "vitéz Árpád Bertalan", in Szolnok Air Base 
- 5th Infantry Brigade "István Bocskai", in Debrecen
- Command Company, in Debrecen
- 3rd Infantry Battalion "Miklós Bercsényi", in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
- 39th Infantry Battalion in Debrecen, with BTR-80 APCs
- 62nd Infantry Battalion in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
- Operations Support Engineer Battalion, in Debrecen
- Logistics Battalion, in Debrecen
- Combat Engineer Company, in Debrecen
- Signal Company, in Debrecen
- 24th Reconnaissance Regiment "Gergely Bornemissza" in Debrecen
- 25th Infantry Brigade "György Klapka", in Tata
- Command Company, in Tata
- 1st Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
- 2nd Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
- 11th Tank Battalion, in Tata, with 44x Leopard 2A7+ main battle tanks
- 36th Anti-tank Missile Battalion, in Tata, with 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank missiles
- 57th Garrison Support Battalion, in Tata
- 101st Artillery Battalion, in Tata, with 24x Panzerhaubitze 2000 155 mm self-propelled howitzers
- Logistics Battalion, in Tata
- 37th Engineer Regiment "Ferenc Rákóczi II", in Szentes
- Command Support Platoon, in Szentes
- Bridge Building Battalion, in Szentes
- Low Water Bridge Building Company, in Szentes
- Water Purification Company, in Szentes
- Construction Engineer Company, in Szentes
- Training Company, in Szentes
- 43rd Signal and Command Support Regiment "József Nagysándor", in Székesfehérvár
- Command and Guard Company
- Combat Command Main C4I Centre
- Transdanubian Signal and C4I Centre
- Lowland Signal and C4I Centre, at Szolnok Air Base
- Signal Battalion
- Logistics Battalion
- 93rd CBRN defense Battalion "Sándor Petőfi", in Székesfehérvár
- Command Company
- CBRN-decontaminating Company
- CBRN-reconnaissance Company
- CBRN-support Company
- Support Company
- RS4/4 parachute
- RS4/4 LA parachute
- MANTA parachute
- 93M frag grenade
- 96M frag grenade
- Black Ka'bar bayonet
- AN/PVS-14 Gen3 Monocular Night Vision
- HALEM-2 laser rangefinder
- 15/80 binocular
- PSZNR-5 recce locator
- FMG 68 decontamination vehicle
- SSM-1 chemical marker
- IH-95 radiation level and contamination meter
- CAM radiation level and contamination meter
- VFK chemical recce pack
- DS-10 regiment decontamination pack
- TMF-2 automatic weather station
- 2015M protecting suit
- DECOCOM 3000 decontamination container
- regiment decontamination trailer
|Main battle tanks|
|Leopard 2||Germany||Main battle tank||Leopard 2A7+
|0 (44 on order)
|44 Leopard 2A7+ and 12 Leopard 2A4 tanks on order.|
|T-72|| Soviet Union
|Main battle tank||T-72M1||34||~ 130 tanks in reserve. Will be replaced by the Leopard 2A7+ in the 2020s.|
|Armoured fighting vehicles|
|Infantry fighting vehicle||KF41||0 (218 on order)||On August 16, 2020 the Government of Hungary and Rheinmetall Group have signed a contract to start manufacturing the Lynx infantry fighting vehicle family in Hungary. Estimated to start arriving around 2024-2025, the first batch of 200+ Lynx vehicles are expected to reach operational capability in the Hungarian Defence Forces by 2026-2027. Government of Hungary and Rheinmetall Group have signed a contract to establish a joint venture to start manufacturing the Lynx KF41 infantry fighting vehicle in Hungary. The deal is estimated to worth over 2B euros including technology transfers and it confirms the Hungarian Defence Forces has chosen the Lynx KF41 as the next-gen tracked IFV for its armed forces.|
On September 9, the Hungarian Defence Forces officially ordered 218 Lynx Kf41 vehicles, out of which 172 will be manufactured in Hungary.
|BTR-80|| Soviet Union
|Amphibious armoured personnel carrier||BTR-80A
|555 units received from Russia between 1996-1999. Modernized Hungarian-upgraded BTR-80s for technical rescue, medical rescue and NBC missions.|
|BRDM-2||Soviet Union||Combat reconnaissance vehicle||BRDM-2
|Equipped with 9M111 and 9M113 Konkurs anit-tank missiles, others (VSBRDM-2M) are modified and upgraded for NBC missions.|
|Gidrán 4x4|| Turkey
|MRAP||10 (40 on order)||First 10 vehicles are from Turkey, the rest of the order will be based on a Nurol Holding licence and it is planned to be manufactured and developed in Hungary in collaboration with Rheinmetall. Around 300 planned.|
|M-ATV||United States||MRAP||20+||Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.|
|Cougar||United States||MRAP||13||Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.|
|Maxxpro||United States||MRAP||~42||Bought second-hand.|
|M1151 HMMWV||United States||Utility vehicle||80+||Most of them used by the Hungarian special forces.|
|Polaris RZR||United States||Light utility vehicle||12||Used by the Hungarian special forces.|
|PzH 2000||Germany||Self-propelled artillery||0||24 on order.|
|D-20||Soviet Union||Howitzer||12||283 in reserve.|
|NASAMS||United States||Self-propelled SAM system||Unknown||Kongsberg Defence Systems and Raytheon were awarded a 410 million euro contract to deliver the NASAMS system to the Hungarian Defence forces.|
|2K12 Kub|| Soviet Union
|Self-propelled SAM system||16||Modernized in collaboration with Poland.|
|Mistral||France||Surface-to-air missile||185||Mistral 3 + Safran Matis|
|Military engineering vehicles|
|PTS||Soviet Union||Amphibious vehicle||PTS-2||50+||Some in reserve. Very large tracked amphibious vehicle used for crossing water bodies and building bridges across rivers|
|PMP||Soviet Union||Pontoon bridge||3||3 active set. Each set consists of 32 river element, 4 bank element, 2 track element, 12 bridging boat and 38 KraZ-255. The maximal length of one set is 227 metres.|
|WISENT 2||Germany||Armoured support vehicle||0||5 on order.|
|Leguan||Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||0||3 on order. The new Leguans are going to replace the BLG-60M armoured bridgelayers which will be transferred to the 37th Engineer Regiment.|
|Germany||Armoured recovery vehicle||0||9 vehicles were ordered in September 2020 as part of the establishment of the joint Lynx (Rheinmetall armoured fighting vehicle) manufacturing plant in Hungary. Deliveries are scheduled for 2023.|
|MT-55A||Czechoslovakia||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||2|||
|BLG-60M||East Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||BLG-60M2|
|TMM||Soviet Union||Vehicle-launched bridge||TMM-3||4 |||
|VT-55||Soviet Union||Armoured recovery vehicle||VT-55||2|
|VT-72B||Czechoslovakia||Armoured recovery vehicle||2|||
|BAT-2||Soviet Union||Armoured tracklayer||BAT-2||2|||
|TeleMAX||Germany||Remote-control Military robot||3|||
|Utility vehicles, trucks|
|The new H-14 series, can be armoured within 48 hours. The armour defends soldiers from bullets, splinters and IEDs.|
Production of Rába H-14, H-18, and H-25 trucks commenced in 2004, these initially locally designed chassis fitted with MAN engines, associated components including cooling system and the MAN modular military cab. Current production is CKD using some locally sourced components such as axles. About 300 examples were built using components supplied between 2004-2006, with a further 150 assembled from CKD kits delivered from 2007.
|RMMV HX range of tactical trucks||Germany||Truck||HX77||63||Will also receive up to 150 RMMV HX77 8x8 trucks, with 63 delivered since 2007.|
|Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany||Utility vehicle||G-270
||Standard utility vehicle|
|100 Currus-Volvo Aries delivered to replace Ikarus 250, 256, 280|
|Suzuki Vitara||Hungary||SUV||550||Standard staff car|
|Skoda Octavia||Czech Republic||Sedan||Unknown||Used by Military Police|
|Toyota Hilux||Japan||Pickup||90||16 used by Military Police, and another 6 will be used by the Military Cartography teams.|
|Volkswagen Transporter||Germany||Van||T6 Van
T6 Pickup truck
|Volkswagen Crafter||Germany||Pickup truck||70|
|Neštin-class||Yugoslavia||Minesweeper||3||6 minesweepers were received from Yugoslavia in 1981. As of 2020, 3 of them are in active service and the other 3 were sold.|
|AN 2||Hungary||Minesweeper||5||40 minesweepers were built between 1953 and 1956. As of 2020, 5 of them are in active service, 1 in reserve and the rest were sold. |
Ranks and insigniaEdit
- Order of battle of Hungarian People's Army, 1963.
- Michael Holm, 3rd Mechanised Corps - 3. Gépesített Hadtest - Military Unit: 6639, accessed November 2020.
- "MH 1st Explosive Ordnance Disposal and River Flotilla Regiment" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 2nd Special Forces Brigade" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 5th Infantry Brigade" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 24th Reconnaissance Regiment" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 25th Infantry Brigade" (in Hungarian).
- "Hungary signs deal to buy dozens of tanks, howitzers from Germany's KMW". Defense News. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "MH 37th Engineer Regiment" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 43rd Signal and Command Support Regiment" (in Hungarian).
- "MH 93. Petőfi Sándor Vegyivédelmi Zászlóalj" (in Hungarian).
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